Jamaica is an island nation of the Greater Antilles situated in the Caribbean Sea. This nation is 234 kilometers in length and 80 kilometers in width which amounts to 10,990 square kilometers. It is bordered by Cuba to the south and Hispaniola to the west.
The capital city of Jamaica is Kingston and the official language is English. This nation is host to 2,847,232 people as per the 2010 estimate. Jamaica is covered by 1.5 % of earth’s water. It lies between 17 degree and 19 degree north latitudes, and 76 degree and 79 degree west longitudes.
Jamaica is made up of Kingston, Portmore, Spanish Town, Mandeville, Ocho Rios, Port Antonio, Negril and Montego Bay. Jamaicans primarily speak Jamaican Patois. Jamaicans follow Christianity as their religion.
Parishes: Jamaica has 14 parishes in Hanover, Saint Elizabeth, Saint James, Trelawny, Westmoreland, Clarendon, Manchester, Saint Ann, Saint Catherine, Saint Mary, Kingston, Portland, Saint Andrew and Saint Thomas.
Jamaica has tropical climate with hot and humid weather. It is more temperate in higher inland regions. As Jamaica lies in the hurricane belt of the Atlantic Ocean, it sometime experiences significant storm damage. Down pour is at its peak in May and October. The average annual rainfall is 1,960 millimeters per year in Jamaica.
The average temperature in Jamaica is 25 to 30 degree Celsius in the lowlands and 15 to 22 degree Celsius at altitudes. Temperature may fall below 10 degree Celsius at peaks. In addition to the northeast trade winds, the nation receives fresh and pleasant breeze during the day and offshore breeze at night.
Blue Mountain Peak with 2,256 meters is the highest peak in Jamaica, and the lowest point is the Caribbean Sea with 0 meters.
Rio Minho is the longest River of Jamaica with 92.8 kilometers.
The highest point in Jamaica is the Central Range or the Blue Mountain Peak standing tall at 7,400 feet above the sea level. The second highest point is called the Port Royal Mountains.
Bamboos, ferns, ebony, mahogany and rosewood can be seen in the north and northeast with heavy rainfall while cactus and the dry-area plants can be found in south and southwest coastal areas. The west and southwest consists of grassland and scattered strands of trees.
Few native mammals such as wild hogs can be seen. Reptiles, lizards and birds are seen in a large number. Kingfisher, jack, mackerel, whiting, bonito and tuna are chief varieties of saltwater fish. The freshwater varieties consist of snook, jewfish, gray and black snapper, and mullet.