Iran is officially known as the Islamic Republic of Iran. It is a country in Southern and Western Asia. It is bordered by Gulf of Oman, Persian Gulf and the Caspian Sea. Iran extends over an area of 1,648,000 square kilometers. It hosts a population of 78 million people.
The official language of Iran is Persian, and Armenian, Assyrian Neo-Aramaic, Azeri, Kurdish, Lori, Balochi, Gilaki, Mazandarani, Arabic and Turkmen are also spoken. It lies between the latitudes 24 degree and 40 degree north latitudes, and 44 degree and 64 degree east longitudes.
The climate of Iran varies with places. Northwest experiences cold winters with heavy snowfall and subfreezing temperatures from December to January. Summers here are hot and dry while spring and rainfall are relatively mild. The south experiences mild winters and hot summers in July with temperature exceeding 38 degree Celsius.
In general, Iran has a climate with low rainfall and inadequate annual fall from October to April. The average annual fall is 250 millimeters or less in most parts of the country. In the higher mountain regions, the rainfall averages atleast 500 millimeters annually, and in the western part, it exceeds 1,000 millimeters.
Few of the mountains in Iran are;
More than one-tenth of Iran is forested. Extensive growth of oaks, ash, elm, cypress and other valuable trees can be found on the mountain slopes. Villagers cultivate orchards and grow the plane tree, poplar, willow, walnut, beech, maple and mulberry on the plateau proper mountain slopes.
Bears in mountains, wild sheep, goats, gazelles, wild asses, wild pigs, panthers and foxes are found in a large number in Iran. Sheep, goats, cattle, horses, water buffalo, donkeys and camels are domestic animals of this country. The natives of Iran are pheasant, partridge, stork and falcon.
|Map of Iran|