Iowa was announced to be the 29th state of the United States of America on 28th December, 1846.
Iowa is positioned in the middle of the western region of United States; that is why it is known as the American Heartland.
The geography of Iowa is very diverse as it is surrounded by the Mississippi River on the eastern edge.
Missouri as well as the Big Sioux River surround it on the western side while the boundary to the south of the region is defined by the Des Moines River.
The state of Iowa has 99 counties in all. However, since Lee County has two county seats, the total number of counties sums up to a hundred. Situated in county of Polk, Des Moines is the Capital of the state of Iowa.
Excluding the 1968 Illinois earthquake, there have been no major earthquakes in the state of Iowa as the state is one of the most stable regions in United States of America.
The main reason for its stableness is its geographical position, which is not in proximity to any fault lines. However, earthquakes of minor intensities take place occasionally near Fremont County, Sioux City etc.
Iowa was a major coal manufacturer. Areas that were exploited for the same included The Des Moines River valley, Coalville and a large area of the City of Des Moines.
In the 20th century, a good number of key mines were located beyond the south of in the region of Centerville, Lucas and Oskaloosa. The coal from the state has a tendency to have large amounts of sulfur in them for new applications.
The state of Iowa has restricted production of oil and natural gas which is a disadvantage for them.
Even though it is believed that Iowa is not flat, a large part of the state comprises of rolling hills. The geography of Iowa can be divided chiefly into landforms such as soil, topography, rivers and glaciers. Loess hills recline by the side of the west border. The Driftless Zone is a segment next to the Mississippi river in the northeastern part consisting of steep hills and valleys.
There are a number of natural lakes which make up the geography of Iowa such as the Spirit Lake, the East Okoboji Lake and the West Okoboji Lake which is situated in northwestern region of Iowa.
Clear Lake is situated in the eastern region of Iowa. Apart from the natural lakes of Iowa, several man-made lakes such as Lake Red Rock, Saylorville Lake, Lake MacBride and Lake Odessa are included in the geography of Iowa.
The natural vegetation of the state of Iowa consists of tall grass prairie and savanna in highland areas.
In the northern prairie regions of Iowa there are dense forests and several wetlands along the floodplains and river valleys.
For the most part, Iowa’s geographical extent is being used for agricultural purposes.
Over 60% of the state is covered by crops with grasslands covering 30% and forests that cover 7% of the land.
Several plants such as Western Prairie Fringed Orchid, Eastern Prairie Fringed Orchid, Mead's Milkweed, Prairie Bush Clover, and Northern Wild Monkshood are diminishing in numbers but are unique to the geography of Iowa.
The rise in the quantity of high-density cattle facilities in state of Iowa has paved way for amplified hazards of rural water pollution as well as an apparent declining level of air quality. Supplementary issues that are harmfully disturbing to Iowa's geography comprise of the widespread use of coal-fired power plants which are very old. Also the fertilizer and pesticide overspill from crop production is a sore obstacle in the ecology of the state.
The diverse geography and ecology of Iowa consists of some of the following animals: Bald Eagle, Interior Least Tern, Indiana Bat, Pallid Sturgeon, the Iowa Pleistocene Land Snail, Higgins' Eye Pearly Mussel, and the Topeka Shiner. These animals are on a verge of being extinct and are hence in dire need of protection from the state as well as the federal government.
|Longitude / Latitude||Longitude: 89° 5' W to 96° 31' W
Latitude: 40° 36' N to 43° 30' N
|Length x Width||Iowa is 310 miles long and 200 miles wide.|
|The geographic center of Iowa is located in Story County, 5 miles NE of Ames.
Longitude: 93° 23.1'W
Latitude: 41° 57.7'N
|Borders||Iowa is north border - Minnesota , South - Missouri, East - Wisconsin and Illinois, West - South Dakota and Nebraska|
|Total Area||Iowa covers 56,276 square miles, Iowa state is 26th largest state in USA|
|Land Area||55,875 square miles|
|Water Area||401 square miles|
|Highest Point||The highest point in Iowa is on Sterler Farm, north of Sibley|
|Lowest Point||The lowest point in Iowa is at the Mississippi River; 480 feet above sea level.|
|Mean Elevation||The Mean Elevation of the state of Iowa is 1,100 feet above sea level.|
|Major Rivers||Cedar River, Des Moines River, Iowa River, Mississippi River, Missouri River|
|Major Lakes||Lake Red Rock|
|Upper Mississippi River Drainage Basin
||Missouri River Drainage Basin
|A - M
||N - Z