Indonesia is officially known as the Republic of Indonesia. It is a country in Southeast Asia and Oceania extending 5,120 kilometers from east to west and 1,760 kilometers from north to south. Indonesia consists of 13,660 islands of which only 6,000 are found. It has thirty three provinces.
Indonesia is the fourth most populous country in the world with more than 238 million people. Its capital city is Jakarta. It is bordered by Papua New Guinea, East Timor and Malaysia. The official language of Indonesia is Indonesian.
Indonesia is located between 11 degree south and 6 degree north latitudes, 95 degree and 141 degree east longitudes. It is world’s 16 th-largest country in terms of land area with 1,919,440 square kilometers. Indonesia has maritime borders with Singapore, Malaysia, Philippines to the north, and Australia to the south.
Indonesia has tropical climate. The temperature in coastal plains averages 28 degree Celsius, and in inland and mountain areas, the temperature is 26 degree Celsius. The higher mountain regions experience an average temperature of 23 degree Celsius. Winds blow from the south and east in June through September and from northwest in December travelling across March.
Indonesia Highest peak
Few of the highest peaks in Indonesia are;
Indonesia consists of many varieties of tropical plants. With around 18,000 islands, it is a nation with the second largest biodiversity in the world. The fauna of Indonesia is a blend of Asia and Australia. This country consists of 28,000 species of flowering plants, 2,500 different kinds of orchids, 6,000 traditional plants used for medicinal purposes. Indonesia also has over 122 species of bamboo, over 350 species of rattan and 400 species of Dipterocarpus which includes ebony, sandalwood and teakwood.
The fauna of Indonesia is divided into western Indonesia which is more influenced by Asian Fauna; and the Australian fauna. This mixture of fauns affects the ecosystems, including the beaches, sand dunes, estuaries, mangroves, coral reefs, sea grass beds, coastal mudflats, tidal flats, algal beds and tiny island ecosystems.
|Map of Indonesia|