Indiana is one of the states of USA situated in its north-central part. Indiana was first explored by Europeans. In 1679, the French explorer Robert Cavelier, Sieur de Le Salle was the first European who explored Indiana. Later in 1763, the British had captured Indiana from France after the Franco-British war and established their control over the Indiana. After few years, a revolutionary war broke out in Indiana. During this revolutionary war, the American force led by American military officer George Rogers Clark captured Vincennes and Fort Sackville, the army led by the General Antony Wayne conquered the Fallen Timbers and army led by the General William Henry Harrison captured the Tippecanoe. And finally after the end of the revolutionary war, Indiana was captured by the U.S army and became a part of United States.
Indiana Statehood: Indiana achieved its statehood in December 11, 1816. It is the 19th state of United States of America.
Indiana Origin of the Name: The origin of the name Indiana is not well understood. As the word Indiana means “Land of Indians” or simply the “Indian Land”, it is supposed to have originated as a reminder of the Native Americans who lived there.
Indiana’s Nick Name: Indiana is also known as “Hoosier State”.
Name for Indiana Residents: The residents of Indiana are known as Indianans or Hoosiers.
Indiana State Abbreviation / Postal Code: The Indiana’s abbreviation or the postal code is “IN”/
Indiana’s Capital: The first capital of Indiana was Vincennes and it served as the capital from 1800 to 1813. The capital city was changed from Vincennes to Corydon in 1813 and it existed as the state capital till 1824. Since 1825, the capital city of Indiana is the Indianapolis.
Indiana’s Flag: The Indiana’s flag is having a blue field with a central golden colored torch with flame over it surrounded by an inner circle of five stars and an outer circle of thirteen stars along with a bigger star positioned on the top of the torch flame just below the state name Indiana. There are six rays radiating outwards from the torch flame. The outer 13 stars represent the original 13 colonies of U.S, the inner five stars represents the states admitted before Indiana and the single bigger star represents Indiana, the 19th state. The torch with flame represents liberty and enlightenment. The six rays radiating from the torch represents the expansive nature of the flaming torch’s concept.
The flag of Indiana was selected from a wide range of designs created by various artists in a flag design competition. This was conducted in 1916 during the 100th anniversary celebration of Indiana’s achievement of statehood. The competition was organized by DAR (Daughters of American Revolution) society. The winner of the completion was a talented artist, Paul Hadley who is from Mooresville.
Indiana State Motto: “Cross Roads of America” is the motto of Indiana. It acquired this motto as the central Indiana is broadly intersected by number of highways, interstates and railways.
Indiana State Slogan: The slogan of Indiana is “Restart your Engines”.
Indiana State Song: “On the bank of the Wabash, Far away” written by Paul Dresser.
Indiana State Seal: The state seal of Indiana was adopted in 1963. The seal is having a shape of a perfect circle of 25/8 inches enclosed by a plane line. Within this large circle there lies a small circle of just 23/8 inches which is surrounded by beaded lines. In the space between these two circles, on the top there is written “Seal of the State Of Indiana”; on the bottom centre, there is written “1816” which is flanked on either side by a diamond with two dots and a tulip leaf on both sides. Within the inner circle there are images of two trees in the left side, central three hills with the image of full sun with fourteen rays setting behind it, a woodsman wearing hat holding an axe in his hand and a buffalo jumping on to a log with its tail upwards.
Indiana Area: It is the 38th largest state of U.S with a total area measuring about 36,420 square miles out of which 35,870 square miles include the land area, and 5,550 square miles include the water area.
Number of Counties in Indiana : There are a total of 83 counties.
Indiana Bordering Country: The bordering countries are Illinois in the west, Kentucky in the south, Ohio in the east and Michigan in the north.
Indiana Total Population: Total population was estimated as 376, 792 as per 2008 census report.
Indiana Major Rivers: Ohio River, Wabash River, White River and Tippecanoe River.
Indiana Major Lakes: Lake Michigan, Lake Wawasee and Monroe Lake.
Indiana Highest Point: Hoosier Hill in the Franklin Township which is located 1,257 feet above the sea level.
Indiana Lowest Point: It is in Posey County at the point where Wabash River flows into the Ohio River. It is only 320 feet above the sea level.
Indiana Largest City: Indianapolis.
Indiana Major industry: Agricultural industry (corn, soy bean and wheat), manufacturing industry, mining industry.
Indiana State Language: English.
Indiana State Holidays: There are three important state holidays in the Indiana. They are February 25 which is celebrated as the George Clark’s Day, July 13 which marks the Northwest Ordinance day and the third one is on December 11 which is celebrated as the Indiana Day.
Indiana State soil: Miami
Indiana State Stone: Salem lime stone
Indiana State Flower: Peony flower (Paeonie)
Indiana State Tree: Tulip tree (Liriodendron tulipifera)
Indiana State Bird: Cardinal (Cardinalis cardinalis)