The term immigration is generally used to refer the movement of the non-native people to a specific country with the aim of settling there. The non native people who immigrate to a particular country after following all the immigration procedures are known Immigrants or the legal immigrants. The immigration law of Indiana is a branch of the State law that is concerned with granting citizenship, cancelling citizenship, admission of the aliens and the removal of the aliens. Each country will have specific set of laws and policies to control all these processes. The legal immigration is usually done either with the aim of permanently residing there by holding a Green Card or the United States Permanent Resident card or with the aim of a temporary visit using the non-immigrant visa. The green Card is an identification card issued to the immigrants by the Immigration and Naturalization Service. It is used as a proof to show that the person is officially allowed by the United States government for immigration to the State. Thus the Green Card holders can reside and get employed in the United States. Naturalization is the term used to refer the process by which an alien is permitted to become an U.S citizen.
The people who are not able to return or who are not willing to return to their native country due to persecutions or tortures based on religion, political issues, race or any such factors can seek protection in Indiana through the process of Asylum. A person can apply for the asylum either through an interview with an asylum officer of Immigration and Naturalization Service or though immigration Judge if it has been apprehended.
The Immigration and Nationality Act of Indiana came to action in 1952. Until then the immigration law was not organized and was controlled individually through laws passed by separate legislature. The immigration and Nationality Act passed in 1952 had undergone many changes in the subsequent years for ensuring the security. Even though the act has undergone many changes, the basic structure of the law remained unchanged. The Immigration and Nationality Act consists of many subtitles. The law is also organized into many chapters and sections. The Immigration law of Indiana is included in the United States Code or U.S.C. The United States Code contains all the laws within the states of the United States of America. In the U.S.C. the laws are specifically organized into fifty subject titles. This arrangement is based on the alphabetic order. Among these titles, the one which deals with the immigration rules and regulations is the Title 8 with the heading “Aliens and Nationality”.
A person who comes under any of the following criteria will not be permitted to enter Indiana either as immigrants or asylum seekers. This category includes:
Criminal Record: People with a criminal back ground or people involved in any of the aggravated felony like rape, murder, drug abuse etc will not be permitted to enter Indiana
Communicable Disease: People with communicable diseases like AIDS, Hepatitis, Tuberculosis etc. are not generally permitted to immigrate to Indiana.
Physical or Mental Disorders: Normally people with physical or mental disorders are not allowed for immigration but it is possible for them to get permission if they have proof that shows that the condition could be soon recovered or controlled.
Terrorists: People who are found to have engaged in Spy work or terrorism against the State will be denied to enter Indiana.
The term illegal immigration refers to the movement of a person or persons to a foreign country by violating that countries immigration laws. Such people who enter a country in this way are referred as illegal immigrants.
Denaturalization is another important term related to Indiana’s immigration procedure. Through denaturalization, the Immigration and Naturalization Service of Indiana has the power to cancel the citizenship or destroy the rights of a citizen residing in Indiana in the cases where it is needed.
The deportation in Indiana’s immigration law refers to the process by which the Immigration and Naturalization Service can remove the migrants or aliens within the State when they are found to violate the State’s immigration law. The inspection officers of the Immigration and Naturalization Service also continuously monitor the ports of entry like airport, sea port etc. to find out the entry of such illegal immigrants.
As per the census conducted in 1990, it was found that the total number of foreign individuals residing in Indiana was about 94,236. The census conducted in 2000 showed a gradual increase in the number of foreign born individuals by about 97.9% compared to the 1990 census; the total number of individuals during this census was estimated to be around 186,530.
In the 2000 census, it was found that around 70,890 individuals residing in Indiana were conferred naturalized citizenship.
The 2000 census conducted in Indiana also revealed that around 45,000 illegal individuals were residing in the State.
Immigrants to Indiana mostly include people from India, China and Mexico.