India, a South Asian country is the seventh largest country in the world that spreads over an area of 3,287,263 square kilometers. It is ranked second in population with more than 1.2 billion people. As per the 2014 census the population of the country is 1,264,020,000. It comes around 17.5% of the world’s population. India is a federal constitutional republic with 29 states and 7 union territories.
India shares its border with many countries like Pakistan in the West, Bangladesh and Burma in East, Nepal, China, Bhutan in the North and the South was covered by ocean with neighboring island Srilanka.
India has a stretched railway length of 65,000 km and fourth among the world's Longest Railway Network. India has the world's best historical places that drags foreigners around the world. As it diverse culture, India is one of the fastest growing major economies around the world with third largest standing army in the world. The word India is derived from the origin of Indus Valley Civilization and Old Persian word Hindus.
India, the largest democracy in the world includes 29 states. They are Andhra Pradesh, Arunachal Pradesh, Assam, Bihar, Chhattisgarh, Goa, Gujarat, Haryana, Himachal Pradesh, Jammu and Kashmir, Jharkhand, Karnataka, Kerala, Madhya Pradesh, Maharashtra, Manipur, Meghalaya, Mizoram, Nagaland, Orissa, Punjab, Rajasthan, Sikkim, Tamil Nadu, Telangana, Tripura, Uttar Pradesh, Uttarakhand and West Bengal.
Andaman and Nicobar Islands, Chandigarh, Dadra and Nagar Haveli, Daman and Diu, Lakshadweep, National Capital Territory of Delhi, Puducherry are the union territories of India.
Ganga also known as Ganges is the longest river in India. It is 2,525 km long. Other major rivers are Satluj, Indus, Ravi, Beas, Jhelum, Yamuna, Chambal, Ghagra, Kosi, Betwa, Son, Brahmaputra, Narmada, Tapti, Mahanadi, Luni, Ghaggar, Sabarmati, Krishna, Godavari, Cauvery and Thungabhadra.
Largest lake in India is Lake Chilika. Other major lakes include Dal Lake, Bhimtal Lake, Roopkund Lake, Vembanad Lake, Pushkar Lake, Osman Sagar Lake and Husain Sagar Lake. The last three lakes are artificial lakes.
The major mountain ranges in India are Aravalli Range, Atharamura, Eastern Ghats, Ghats, Himalayas, Ladakh Range, Langpangkong Range, Namcha Barwa Himal, Nilgiri mountains, Ongpangkong, Pir Panjal Range, Rimo Muztagh, Saltoro Mountains, Satpura Range, Siachen Muztagh, Sub-Himalayan Range, Tsurangkong, Velikonda Range, Vindhya Range and Western Ghats. The Baily Bridge built by the Indian Army in August 1982 is the highest bridge in the world. It connects the Dras and Suru rivers in the Himalayan Mountains.
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