Illinois History

Illinois History

Illinois State Information

State of Illinois
Illinois Official Language(s) English
Illinois Spoken Language(s) English (80.8%)
Spanish (10.9%)
Polish (1.6%)
Other (6.7%)
Illinois Demonym Illinoisan
Illinois Capital Springfield
Illinois Largest City Chicago
Illinois Largest Metro Area Chicago metropolitan area
Illinois Area  Ranked 25th in the US
 - Total 57,918 sq mi
(140,998 km2)
 - Width 210 miles (340 km)
 - Length 395 miles (629 km)
 - % water 4.0/ Negligible
 - Latitude 36° 58′ N to 42° 30′ N
 - Longitude 87° 30′ W to 91° 31′ W
Illinois Population  Ranked 5th in the US
 - Total 12,910,409 (2009 est.)
- Density 223.4/sq mi  (86.27/km2)
Ranked 12th in the US
 - Median income  $54,124 (17)
Illinois Elevation  
 - Highest point Charles Mound
1,235 ft  (377 m)
 - Mean 600 ft  (182 m)
 - Lowest point Mississippi River
279 ft  (85 m)
Illinois Before Statehood Illinois Territory
Illinois Admission to Union  December 3, 1818 (21st)
Illinois Governor Pat Quinn (D)
Illinois Lieutenant Governor vacant
Illinois Legislature General Assembly
 - Upper house Senate
 - Lower house House of Representatives
U.S. Senators Dick Durbin (D)
Roland Burris (D)
U.S. House delegation 12 Democrats, 7 Republicans
Illinois Time Zone Central: UTC-6/-5
Illinois Abbreviations IL, Ill., US-IL
Illinois Website

Illinois State Symbols

Illinois State Symbols
Illinois Animate Insignia
Illinois Amphibian Eastern Tiger Salamander
Illinois Bird(s) Northern Cardinal
Illinois Butterfly Monarch Butterfly
Illinois Fish Bluegill
Illinois Flower(s) Violet
Illinois Grass Big Bluestem
Illinois Mammal(s) White-tailed deer
Illinois Reptile Painted Turtle
Illinois Tree White oak
Illinois Inanimate Insignia
Illinois Dance Square dance
Illinois Food Gold Rush Apple • Popcorn
Illinois Fossil Tully Monster
Illinois Mineral Fluorite
Illinois Poem The Death Poem
Illinois Slogan(s) "Land of Lincoln"
Illinois Soil Drummer silty clay loam
Illinois Song(s) "Illinois"

Illinois State History

Native inhabitants reside by the lengths of the river of the Illinois region for hundreds of years. The Koster Site has been dug out and has confirmed 7,000 years of incessant occupancy of the lands of Illinois. Cahokia, the major local city and municipal hub of the Pre-Columbian Mississippian traditions, was situated close to current Collinsville, Illinois. They constructed over 100 heaps and a Woodhenge in a premeditated plan articulating the ethnicity and culture. The society went astray during the period of 15th century due to unidentified causes; however, the experts of the field have guessed that the inhabitants exhausted all the resources of the region.

The subsequent chief supremacy in the area was the Illiniwek Confederation or Illini, an opinionated coalition amongst quite a few tribes. There were approximately 25,000 Illinois Indians during the year of 1700; however, regular invasion and conflict by the Iroquois decreased their count by 90%. Slowly, associates of the Potawatomi, Miami, Sauk, and some more ethnic groups arrived in from the east and north directions. During the American Revolution, the Illinois and Potawatomi held up the cause of the American migrant.

French travellers Jacques Marquette and Louis Jolliet travelled around the regions of Mississippi and Illinois Rivers in the year of 1673. As a consequence of their travelling around, Illinois was an element of the French territory till the year 1763, when it was forwarded to the British. The region was conceded to the original United States in 1783 and developed into a division of the Northwest Territory.

The Illinois-Wabash Company was an initial plaintiff to a great part of Illinois. The Illinois Territory was constructed on February 3, 1809. Illinois witnessed the erection of many civilian castles throughout the War of 1812, in addition to the ephemeral Fort Johnson.

On December 3, 1818, Illinois turned out to be the 21st U.S. state. Initial U.S. resolution started in the southern regions of the state and rapidly extended to northern regions, sending away the indigenous inhabitants. In the year 1832, a few Indians came back from Iowa but were expelled during the Black Hawk War, battled by armed forces.

Illinois is recognized as the "Land of Lincoln" since it is Illinois where the 16th President lived during the initial years of his life. Chicago achieved fame as a pond and lagoon city subsequent to the year 1848 and as a railway center soon after that. By the year 1857, Chicago was the major city of the state.

In the year 1839, associates of the Church of Jesus Christ of Latter Day Saints, also recognized as Mormons, shaped up a city they named Nauvoo. The metropolis, located on a famous spot by the length of the Mississippi River, quickly grew to 12,000 inhabitants, and at a time was contesting for the designation of biggest urban township in Illinois. During the early days of 1840s, the Church of Jesus Christ of Latter Day Saints constructed a big marble temple in Nauvoo, one amongst the biggest structure in Illinois during those periods of times, which was done with construction in the year1846. In the year of 1844, the initiator of the Latter Day Saint association Joseph Smith, Jr. was murdered in close Carthage, Illinois, although Illinois legal organization has provided protection to him, with guarantee of his security from the Governor Ford who was Governor during those times. In the year 1846, the Mormons under the leadership of Brigham Young moved away from Illinois to the place that had become Utah, but that place too was a Mexican region during those times. An undersized faction stayed behind. However Nauvoo, by and large, was abandoned. Nauvoo, these days, has a lot of reinstated constructions from the 1840s.

For the duration of the Civil War, more than 250,000 Illinois men worked for the Union Army, with the rank of 4 in the terms of the number of men, New York, Pennsylvania and Ohio being the leader. Starting with the initial call for soldiers by President Lincoln and ongoing all through the war, Illinois gathered together 150 military brigades which were assigned a number from the 7th IL to the 156th IL. Seventeen cavalry brigades were also gathered, in addition to the two light weaponry brigades.

All the way through the war the Republicans were in power, under the solid direction of the then Governor Richard Yates.

During the 20th century, Illinois came out as one of the most significant province in the Union with total number of inhabitants approximately 5 million, augmented by constant migration from south and east Europe, and by African Americans coming from Mississippi, Louisiana, and Arkansas. By the conclusion of the 20th century, the number of inhabitants had reached 12.4 million.

Subsequent to the World War II, Argonne National Laboratory set in motion the first tentative nuclear energy producing system in the United States in the year 1957. Chicago turned out to be a busy harbor with the starting of the Saint Lawrence Seaway in the year 1959. The seaway and the Illinois channel linked Chicago to the Mississippi River as well as to the Atlantic Ocean. In the year 1960, Ray Kroc started the first McDonald's licensed outlet in Des Plaines. That outlet exists even these days, though as a museum, with the operational McDonald's outlet opposite to it.

In the year 1970, the sixth legitimate gathering of the state penned down the fresh constitution to substitute the 1870 edition, which was approved in December.

List of Colleges and Universities in Illinois

Illinois Private Colleges

  • Augustana College
  • Blackburn College
  • Columbia College Chicago
  • Elmhurst College
  • Eureka College
  • Greenville College
  • Illinois Center for Broadcasting
  • Illinois College
  • Knox College
  • Lake Forest College
  • Lakeview College of Nursing
  • Lincoln College
  • MacMurray College
  • Monmouth College
  • North Central College
  • Principia College
  • Providence Baptist College
  • Rasmussen College
  • Rockford College
  • Saint Anthony College of Nursing
  • Shimer College
  • Trinity Christian College
  • VanderCook College of Music
  • Wheaton College

Illinois Private Universities

  • Argosy University
  • Aurora University
  • Benedictine University
  • Bradley University
  • The Chicago School of Professional Psychology
  • University of Chicago
  • Concordia University Chicago
  • DePaul University
  • DeVry University
  • Dominican University
  • East–West University
  • Erikson Institute
  • Illinois Institute of Art – Chicago
  • Illinois Institute of Technology
  • Illinois Wesleyan University
  • Judson University
  • Lewis University
  • Lincoln Christian University
  • Loyola University Chicago
  • Lutheran School of Theology at Chicago
  • McKendree University
  • Midwestern University
  • Millikin University
  • Moody Bible Institute
  • National University of Health Sciences
  • National–Louis University
  • North Park University
  • Northern Baptist Theological Seminary
  • Northwestern University
  • Olivet Nazarene University
  • Quincy University
  • Robert Morris University
  • Roosevelt University
  • Rosalind Franklin University of Medicine and Science
  • Rush University
  • University of St. Francis
  • Saint Xavier University
  • School of the Art Institute of Chicago
  • Spertus Institute
  • Toyota Technological Institute at Chicago
  • Trinity International University
  • Westwood College

Illinois Public Colleges and Universities

  • Chicago State University
  • Eastern Illinois University
  • Governors State University
  • Illinois State University
  • Northeastern Illinois University
  • Northern Illinois University
  • Southern Illinois University
    • Southern Illinois University Carbondale
    • Southern Illinois University Edwardsville
  • University of Illinois system
    • University of Illinois at Chicago
    • University of Illinois at Springfield
    • University of Illinois at Urbana–Champaign
  • Western Illinois University

Illinois Defunct Institutions

  • Barat College
  • Illinois Technical College
  • Lombard College
  • Midwest College of Engineering

List of Professional Sports Teams in Illinois

Professional Sports Teams

Club Sport League Founded
Chicago Cubs Baseball Major League Baseball 1875
Chicago White Sox Baseball Major League Baseball 1894
Gateway Grizzlies Baseball Frontier League 2001
McHenry County K-Nines Baseball Frontier League 2009
Normal CornBelters Baseball Frontier League 2009
Southern Illinois Miners Baseball Frontier League 2007
Windy City ThunderBolts Baseball Frontier League 1995
Kane County Cougars Baseball Minor League Baseball: Midwest League 1991
Peoria Chiefs Baseball Minor League Baseball: Midwest League 1983
Joliet JackHammers Baseball Northern League 2002
Lake County Fielders Baseball Northern League 2009
Rockford RiverHawks Baseball Northern League 1993
Schaumburg Flyers Baseball Northern League 1993
Chicago Bulls Basketball National Basketball Association 1966
Chicago Sky Basketball Women's National Basketball Association 2005
Chicago Steam Basketball American Basketball Association 2008
Kankakee County Soldiers Basketball International Basketball League 2007
Chicago Bears Football National Football League 1919
Bloomington Extreme Football Indoor Football League 2006
Chicago Slaughter Football Indoor Football League 2006
Chicago Blackhawks Ice hockey National Hockey League 1926
Chicago Blaze Ice hockey All American Hockey League 2009
Chicago Wolves Ice hockey American Hockey League 1994
Bloomington PrairieThunder Ice hockey International Hockey League 2006
Peoria Rivermen Ice hockey American Hockey League 2005
Rockford IceHogs Ice hockey American Hockey League 1991
Chicago Machine Lacrosse Major League Lacrosse 2006
Chicago Fire Soccer Major League Soccer 1997
Chicago Fire Premier Soccer USL Premier Development League 2001
Chicago Red Stars Soccer Women's Professional Soccer 2007
Chicago Storm Soccer Ultimate Soccer League 2004
Rockford Rampage Soccer Major Indoor Soccer League 2005
Chicago Bandits Fastpitch softball National Pro Fastpitch 2005
Rockford Thunder Fastpitch softball National Pro Fastpitch 2004

Former Professional Sports Teams

Club Sport League Seasons
Chicago Blitz Football United States Football League 1983-1984
Chicago Bruisers Football Arena Football League 1987-1989
Chicago Cardinals Football National Football League 1898-1959
Chicago Condors Basketball American Basketball League 1998
Chicago Cougars Ice Hockey World Hockey Association 1972-1975
Chicago Enforcers Football XFL 2001
Chicago Hounds Ice hockey United Hockey League 2006-2007
Chicago Packers/Chicago Zephyrs Basketball National Basketball Association 1961-1962 (Packers)
1962-1963 (Zephyrs)
Chicago Power Soccer American Indoor Soccer Association (1988-1990)
National Professional Soccer League (1990-1996)
Chicago Rockstars Basketball American Basketball Association 2006-2007
Chicago Rush Football Arena Football League 2001-2008
Chicago Shamrox Lacrosse National Lacrosse League 2006-2008
Chicago Skyliners Basketball American Basketball Association 2000-2001
Chicago Stags Basketball National Basketball Association 1946-1950
Chicago Sting Soccer North American Soccer League (1975-1984)
Major Indoor Soccer League (1984-1988)
Chicago Tigers Football American Professional Football Association 1920
Decatur Staleys Football National Football League (1920-1921) 1919-1920 (Decatur)
1921 (Chicago)
1922-present (Chicago Bears)
Peoria Pirates Football AF2 1999-2009
Quad City Flames Ice hockey American Hockey League 2007-2009
Quad City Mallards Ice Hockey United Hockey League 1995-2007
Quad City Thunder Basketball Continental Basketball Association 1987-2001
Rockford Lightning Basketball Continental Basketball Association 1986-2006
Rockford Peaches Baseball All-American Girls Professional Baseball League 1943-1954