Idaho Geography

Idaho Geography

Geography of the State of Idaho:

  • An overview of the geography of Idaho explains the untouched natural beauty of the state with vast mountain ranges that are abundant with towering peaks and vast lands covered with dense forest, scenic lakes, wild rivers, spectacular valleys etc.
  • Statistically, the state of Idaho is 72 kms wide from the northern Panhandle and it broadens south of Bitterroot Range to 499 kms.
  • Numerous eco friendly hydro electric projects have been built on the Snake River (the longest in the state) and its tributaries.
  • In a bid to protect the forestland, acres of dense forests have been deemed ‘Protected’ for example, The Selway Bitterroot Wilderness Area and the Idaho Primitive Area which lies to the north of Snake River Valley.
  • It is also referred to as the ‘Gem state of America’ as a huge variety of gems and precious stones can be found in this state.

Idaho Mountain Ranges:

  • In Idaho, the concentration of the biggest mountain ranges is in the central and northern-central areas of the state. This is inclusive of the Panhandle Area. In fact, the forest range covers up two fifths of the entire state area. It is also rated as one of the largest areas of national forests in the nation.
  • Some of the well known mountains include jagged granite peaks like Mt Borah. Experts peg the height of this peak at around 12,662 ft. Another geographically important location in the state is a gorge called Hells Canyon. The gorge is deep and plummets to 7,900 ft below the mountaintops which makes it the deepest gorge in America.
  • The trees in the state also enjoy special attention and protection from the government and other wildlife agencies and include various types like the groves of ancient Cedar trees at Upper Priest Lake.

Idaho Water Bodies:

  • The state of Idaho is home to some of the best fishing reserves in the whole country due to the array of water bodies present. Rivers like The Salmon and Clearwater along with lakes like Lake Pend Oreille, Lake Coeur d’Alene and the Priest Lake greatly contribute to the natural beauty of the state.
  • The Boise River and the Payette River are other important rivers of Idaho. The confluence of the Salmon River and The Snake River in Hells Canyon form the southern boundary of Nez Perce County on its North Shore.

Idaho Climatic Conditions:

  • The climatic conditions in Idaho are errant to say the least. The western border of the state of Idaho is located at a distance of 560 kms off the Pacific Ocean. Despite the distance, the climate in the state is affected by conditions like humidity and precipitation which in turn affects the rains and cloud cover. This influence from the coast is at the highest during the winter season.
  • The positive effect of this condition is that, in the winter season, the temperature of the state does not go as low as one would expect it to. The coastal maritime influence is at its lowest in the southeastern part of the state.
  • In this area, the precipitation arrives during the summers and leaves the state soaking wet due to the incessant rainfall. The winters however, are mostly dry. This is a characteristic feature of the continental type of climate where the seasonal temperature difference is extreme.
  • Lewiston in Idaho is the lowest point in elevation and thus receives very little snowfall. The climate experienced in this county is a clear reflection of its location in the state. There is a relative absence of snow as well as elevation, which allows the temperatures to shoot up to 100F. Low relative humidity also comes in to play at this juncture and reduces the temperature during hot summer days in Idaho.
  • The winters are cold but not brutal in nature. Sub zero temperature over a long period of time is highly unlikely to be experienced in the state.
The location as well as other geographic locations makes this state one of the most beautiful places to live in, in America.