Iceland is known as the Republic of Iceland. It is a European island country situated in the North Atlantic Ocean. Iceland is a medium sized island located east of Greenland and south of Arctic Circle. This country hosts a population of 320,000 and is spread over an area of 103,000 square kilometers.
Iceland is located between 63 degree and 67 degree north latitudes, and 25 degree and 13 degree west longitudes. Iceland is extensively volcanic and geothermal. 14.3% of this country is covered by Lakes and glaciers, and only 23% is vegetated.
Iceland has subpolar oceanic climate. The temperature here varies with places. The south coast is warmer, wetter and windier than the north. The Central Highlands remain the coldest part of the country; whereas the low-lying inland areas in the north face low rainfall. The winter commonly experiences snowfall in the north than the south.
The following are few of the largest lakes in Iceland;
The highest peaks in Iceland are;
Small trees such as ash, aspen, birch and willow and chief forms of vegetation such as grass, mosses are seen. Small shrubs like heather, willow, dwarf and birch can also be found. Iceland inhabits around 340 different species of flowers.
The fox is the native animal of Iceland. Wild reindeer is found mostly in northeastern highlands. The marine life of Iceland includes whales, many types of seals and fishes. Dolphin, grampus, porpoise and rorqual are seen in a large number. About 88 species of breeding birds; mostly aquatic are also found. Birds such as swan, eagle, falcon and gannet are found in large numbers. There are no reptiles, and very little insect life is seen in Iceland.
|Map of Iceland|