Honduras is a republic in Central America which was formerly known as Spanish Honduras. It is bordered by Guatemala to the west, El Salvador to the southwest, Nicaragua to the southeast, by Pacific Ocean and Gulf of Fonseca to the south and by Gulf of Honduras to the north.
Honduras is spread over an area of 112,000 square kilometers with an estimate of being a host to almost eight million populations. While Spanish is the official language, English, Garifuna, Miskito and other indigenous languages are recognized as official regional languages.
Honduras experiences tropical climate in the north coast which faces the Caribbean Sea. Throughout the year, the climate is hot and rainy with heavy rainfall in the Caribbean coast. The temperature on the plateaus is more cool which decreases rain.
The temperature in the coastal areas records around 21 degree Celsius, whereas the highlands record a temperature of 23 degree Celsius. Summers are experienced from November to April in the inland areas. The down pour starts from May and extends till October recording an average amount of rainfall varying from 2,400mm to 950mm.
Between May and October, down pour is more intense which is subjected to hurricanes.
Tropical trees, ferns, moss and orchids are found in a large number, especially in the rain forest areas.
Mammals such as anteater, armadillo, coyote, deer, fox, peccary, pocket, gopher, porcupine, puma, tapir and monkeys in wide variety are found in Honduras. The marine life of Honduras consists of fish and turtles which are found numerous in number, both in freshwater and marine.
Reptiles in Honduras are the bushmaster, coral snake, fer-de-lance, horned viper, rattlesnake, whip snake, caiman, crocodile and iguana. The black robin, hummingbird, macaw, nightingale, thrush, partridge, quail, quetzal, toucanet and wren are the types of birds found in Honduras.
|Map of Honduras|