Hawaii History

Hawaii History

Hawaii State Information

State of Hawaii
Hawaii State Official Language(s) English, Hawaiian
Hawaii State Demonym Hawaiian (see notes)
Hawaii State Capital Honolulu
Hawaii State Largest City Honolulu
Hawaii State Area  Ranked 43rd in the US
 - Total 10,931 sq mi
(28,311 km2)
 - Width n/a miles (n/a km)
 - Length 1,522 miles (2,450 km)
 - % water 41.2
 - Latitude 18° 55′ N to 28° 27′ N
 - Longitude 154° 48′ W to 178° 22′ W
Hawaii State Population  Ranked 42nd in the US
 - Total 1,288,198 (2008 est.)
1,211,537 (2000)
- Density 188.6/sq mi  (72.83/km2)
Ranked 13th in the US
 - Median income  $63,746 (5th)
Hawaii State Elevation  
 - Highest point Mauna Kea
13,796 ft  (4,205 m)
 - Mean 3,035 ft  (925 m)
 - Lowest point Pacific Ocean
0 ft  (0 m)
Hawaii State Before Statehood Territory of Hawaii
Admission to Union  August 21, 1959 (50th)
Hawaii State Governor Linda Lingle (R)
Hawaii State Lieutenant Governor James Aiona (R)
Hawaii State Legislature State Legislature
 - Upper house Senate
 - Lower house House of Representatives
U.S. Senators Daniel Inouye (D)
Daniel Akaka (D)
U.S. House delegation 1: Charles Djou(R)
2: Mazie Hirono (D)
Hawaii State Time zone Hawaii-Aleutian time zone: UTC-10
(no daylight saving time)
Hawaii State Abbreviations HI US-HI
Hawaii State Website http://www.hawaii.gov

Hawaii State Symbols

Hawaii State Symbols
Animate Insignia
Bird(s) Hawaiian Goose
Fish Humuhumunukunukuāpuaʻa
Flower(s) Hawaiian hibiscus
Mammal(s) Humpback whale
Reptile Gold dust day gecko
Tree Kukui nut tree
Inanimate Insignia
Food Coconut muffin
Gemstone Black coral
Slogan(s) The Islands of Aloha
Soil Hilo
Song(s) Hawaiʻi Ponoʻi
Sport Surfing, Outrigger canoeing
Tartan Hawaii State Tartan

Hawaii State History

The history of the Beautiful land of Hawaii which is surrounded by the Pacific Ocean on all sides dates back to more than a thousand years before James Cook and his crew found the island back in the year 1778.

The First Settlements in Hawaii

The Polynesian people sailing from other pacific islands were the first to set their foot on the land of Hawaii Islands. They are thought to have sailed to the Island by double hulled large canoes carrying their pigs, chicken, dogs and crops like sweet potatoes, sugar cane, coconut and bananas along with them.

Though no written evidence have been found, it is believed that the island was settled by two waves of migration, or the so called multiple migration process. As early as around 600 AD, the first settlement of a group from the Marquesas Islands called the Menehune set their foot on the Hawaiian Big Island. And about five hundred years later, in 1100 AD, the second settlement from Tahiti called the Tahitians arrived at the island bringing with them the social hierarchy system, the kapu or the taboo system and the belief in God.

Hundreds of years later, in 1778 January 20th, Captain James Cook and his crew landed on the Island and made the first ever recorded contact with the people of the islands Kauai and the Niihau. Though a lot of people have come to the island before Captain Cook, he is the first known European to find the Island and make contact with the people of the island. He called this newly found land as the Sandwich Islands after the Earl of Sandwich. After Captain J Cook, a number of other Europeans and Americans came to this place.

Hawaii Public Holidays

Holidays General Date
New Year's Day January 1
Birthday of Martin Luther King, Jr. Third Monday in January
Washington's Birthday Third Monday in February
Memorial Day Last Monday in May
Independence Day July 4
Labor Day First Monday in September
Columbus Day Second Monday in October
Veterans' Day November 11
Thanksgiving Day* Fourth Thursday in November
Christmas Day December 25

Formation of the Hawaii Kingdom

Kamehameha, born in North Kohala brought together the warring factions of the Hawaii Big Island under him in the year 1791 and then went on to unify the remaining Islands into a single kingdom with the help of foreign weapons and advisors. In the year 1810, the whole of the island was united under Kamehameha as the ruler, and he ruled this Kingdom for about a period of nine years. During his reign, he introduced a new flag that was much similar to the present day flag of the HAwaii.

After the death of Kamehameha, his son, prince Liholiho or Kamehameha II became the new king and within a year of his rule he abolished the hierarchical system of kapu which prevented the equal status of men and women and different classes in the society. After this, three more members of the Kamehameha family led the Kingdom and Kamehameha V was the last to rule the kingdom and it ended in the year 1872. After this, William Lunalino was elected and confirmed as the king by Hawaiian Legislature. During the monarch rule, the foreign trader's from Portuguese, Germany and Japan, started to come into the kingdom to establish their trade.

Over Throwing the Kingdom

In the year 1875, after the end of the Kamehameha dynasty, the Reciprocity Treaty of 1875 was signed between the United States and the kingdom of Hawaii, which allowed the duty free import of sugar and rice from Hawaii to the United States. The western influence continued to grow during years and the American colonist who had the major control over the Hawaiian economy annexed the Kingdom in a controversial coup.

 The Queen of the Kingdom of Hawaii, Queen Lili'uokalani started to draft a new constitution that was aimed at restoring the Monarch's authority, which was in response to the request of more than half of her subjects, and Hui Kalaiʻaina, a native Hawaiian Political party. This action led to the formation of the 'Committee of Safety' on 14th January 1983 by a group of European and American residents which committed it to remove the queen and to annex the Kingdom of Hawaii.

 The coup d'état lead by Lorrain Andrews Thurston overthrew Queen Lili'uokalani who was the last monarch and the only female monarch of the Hawaii and  on July 7th 1898 the Kingdom of Hawaii was officially annexed to became a territory of the United States.

The Territory Period and Statehood of Hawaii

It was during the territory period that the sugar and pineapple plantation grew to bring in traders and other immigrants from Japan, China, Philippines and Portugal.  And in the year 1941 America was attacked at the Pearl Harbor by Japan which triggered the World War II entry by U S. During the period of world war, Hawaii was put under the Martial law.

In 1954, the Hawaii democratic revolution began, which was a non-violent revolution which was including strikes, protests and civil disobedience to obtain the status of a state. In the year 1959, 18th of March the Hawaii Admission Act was signed by president Dwight D. Eisenhower after more than 90 per cent of the votes were casted favoring Hawaii entering the Statehood of United States. And thus Hawaii became the fiftieth state of the United States of America. And, from then on the Hawaiian culture and the Hawaiian nationalism were reborn through a number of reformations and the passing of the Akaka Bill which gave federal recognition to the native Hawaiian Ancestry.

Hawaii State Colleges & Institutions List

Hawaii Two-Year Institutions

  • University of Hawaii
    • Hawaii Community College, Hilo
    • Honolulu Community College, Honolulu
    • Kapiolani Community College, Honolulu
    • Kauai Community College, Līhu'e
    • Leeward Community College, Pearl City
    • Maui Community College, Kahului
    • Windward Community College, Kāne'ohe

Hawaii Four-Year Institutions

  • University of Hawaii
    • University of Hawaii at Hilo, Hilo
    • University of Hawaii at Manoa (main campus), Honolulu
    • University of Hawaii-West Oahu, Pearl City

Hawaii Graduate Institutions

  • University of Hawaii
    • John A. Burns School of Medicine, Honolulu
    • William S. Richardson School of Law, Honolulu

Hawaii Private Institutions

Hawaii Two-Year Institutions

  • Hawaii Business College, Honolulu (Closed)
  • Hawaii Technology Institute, Honolulu
  • Hawaii Tokai International College, Honolulu
  • Heald College, Honolulu
  • Remington College, Honolulu

Hawaii Four-Year Institutions

  • Argosy University, Honolulu (for-profit)
  • Brigham Young University Hawaii, Lā'ie
  • Chaminade University of Honolulu, Honolulu
  • Hawaii Pacific University, Honolulu
  • Hawaii Theological Seminary, Honolulu
  • Honolulu University, Honolulu (unaccredited)
  • Institute for Clinical Acupuncture and Oriental Medicine, Honolulu
  • Remington College, Honolulu (for-profit)
  • University of Phoenix, Honolulu (for-profit)
  • University of the Nations, Kailua-Kona (unaccredited)
  • World Medicine Institute

Hawaii Graduate Institutions

  • Hawaii College of Pharmacy, Honolulu (Closed)

Hawaii Economy

Hawai'i Counties Ranked by Per Capita Income

Rank National
Rank
County Per Capita
Income
Median House-
hold Income
1 315 Maui County $22,033 $49,489
2 317 Honolulu County $21,998 $51,914
3 531 Kauai County $20,301 $45,020
4 837 Hawai'i County $18,791 $39,805
5 2798 Kalawao County $13,757 $9,333

Hawai'i Places Ranked by Per Capita Income

Rank Place County Per Capita
Income
Median House-
hold Income
Population Number of
Households
1 Kapalua Maui County $75,992 $57,292 467 186
2 Puako Hawai'i County $63,857 $60,250 429 215
3 Kaanapali Maui County $48,506 $79,288 1,375 537
4 Maalaea Maui County $43,571 $53,750 454 263
5 Princeville Kauai County $37,971 $63,833 1,698 752
6 Kalihiwai Kauai County $37,062 $42,083 717 280
7 Poipu Kauai County $35,800 $51,442 1,075 472
8 He'eia Honolulu County $33,990 $87,528 4,944 1,557
9 Kahaluu-Keauhou Hawai'i County $33,067 $52,522 2,414 1,000
10 Maunawili Honolulu County $30,551 $82,148 4,869 1,458
11 Kailua Honolulu County $29,299 $72,784 36,513 12,229
12 Kawela Bay Honolulu County $28,481 $49,167 410 189
13 Waimalu Honolulu County $25,913 $61,210 29,371 10,524
14 Pūpūkea Honolulu County $25,682 $56,146 4,250 1,455
15 Ahuimanu Honolulu County $25,381 $71,732 8,506 2,591
16 Holualoa Hawai'i County $25,222 $50,492 6,107 2,383
17 Aiea Honolulu County $25,111 $71,155 9,019 2,758
18 Napili-Honokowai Maui County $24,814 $51,030 6,788 2,629
19 Mokulē'ia Honolulu County $24,643 $57,917 1,839 709
20 Waikapu Maui County $24,564 $62,813 1,115 347
21 Waipio Honolulu County $24,451 $61,276 11,672 3,974
22 Mililani Town Honolulu County $24,427 $73,067 28,608 9,010
23 Honolulu Hawaii Honolulu County $24,191 $45,112 371,657 140,337
24 Kalaoa Hawai'i County $24,179 $53,024 6,794 2,402
25 Wailua Homesteads Kauai County $23,675 $48,047 4,567 1,655
26 Pukalani Maui County $23,662 $62,778 7,380 2,439
27 Kalaheo Kauai County $23,501 $57,813 3,913 1,428
28 Kāne'ohe Honolulu County $23,476 $66,006 34,970 10,976
29 Haiku-Pauwela Maui County $21,702 $45,397 6,578 2,310
30 Kalaeloa Honolulu County $21,083 $65,625 67 16
31 Lawai Kauai County $22,884 $55,662 1,984 711
32 Lihue Kauai County $22,619 $44,906 5,674 2,178
33 Paukaa Hawaii County $22,246 $40,804 495 196
34 Kahaluu Honolulu County $22,204 $61,098 2,935 927
35 Ka'a'awa Honolulu County $21,881 $54,500 1,324 469
36 Hālawa Honolulu County $21,868 $68,519 13,891 4,142
37 Ewa Gentry Honolulu County $21,833 $61,462 4,939 1,734
38 Pearl City Honolulu County $21,683 $62,036 30,976 8,921
39 Kihei Maui County $21,591 $46,215 16,749 6,170
40 Kealakekua Hawai'i County $21,495 $38,026 1,645 639
41 Waikoloa Village Hawai'i County $21,328 $50,040 4,806 1,750
42 Hanalei Kauai County $21,241 $34,375 478 193
43 Captain Cook Hawai'i County $21,237 $47,644 3,206 1,152
44 Barbers Point Housing Honolulu County $21,083 $65,625 67 16
45 Makakilo Honolulu County $20,945 $66,515 13,156 3,898
46 Waimea Hawai'i County $20,773 $51,150 7,028 2,371
47 Kailua Hawai'i County $20,624 $40,875 9,870 3,537
48 Wailuku Maui County $20,503 $45,587 12,296 4,535
49 Wailua Kauai County $20,231 $45,875 2,083 781
50 Omao Kauai County $20,175 $53,750 1,221 392
51 Honaunau-Napoopoo Hawai'i County $20,025 $41,912 2,414 846
52 Lahaina Maui County $19,921 $52,984 9,118 2,599
53 Village Park Honolulu County $19,579 $70,302 9,625 2,628
54 Wainaku Hawai'i County $19,296 $42,292 1,227 422
55 Waipio Acres Honolulu Acres $19,251 $49,594 5,298 1,823
56 Kilauea Kauai County $19,184 $41,313 2,092 692
57 Punalu'u Honolulu County $19,067 $32,143 881 305
58 Volcano Hawai'i County $18,913 $35,977 2,231 896
59 Waimea Kauai County $18,778 $44,398 1,787 620
60 Makawao Maui County $18,776 $46,681 6,327 2,151
61 Lanai City Maui County $18,668 $43,271 3,164 1,148
62 Paia Maui County $18,644 $51,696 2,499 783
63 Hilo Hawai'i County $18,220 $39,139 40,759 14,577
64 Kahului Maui County $18,049 $46,656 20,146 5,880
65 Waihee-Waiehu Maui County $18,008 $63,236 7,310 1,864
66 Honalo Hawai'i County $17,584 $43,125 1,987 717
67 Honoka'a Hawai'i County $17,226 $41,964 2,233 761
68 Waialua Honolulu County $17,220 $46,763 3,761 1,128
69 Kapaau Hawai'i County $17,131 $45,764 1,159 405
70 Kekaha Kauai County $17,117 $41,103 3,175 1,073
71 Hanapepe Kauai County $17,043 $44,112 2,153 706
72 Kapaa Kauai County $16,878 $39,448 9,472 3,129
73 Hawi Hawai'i County $16,755 $46,406 938 298
74 Haliimaile Maui County $16,638 $49,167 895 254
75 Kurtistown Hawai'i County $16,528 $46,012 1,157 405
76 Hale'iwa Honolulu County $16,504 $39,643 2,225 770
77 Wahiawā Honolulu County $16,366 $41,257 16,151 5,376
78 Hawaiian Acres Hawai'i County $16,242 $30,039 1,776 698
79 Hanamaulu Kauai County $16,233 $48,239 3,272 902
80 Koloa Kauai County $16,224 $34,786 1,942 693
81 Puhi Kauai County $16,175 $51,563 1,186 285
82 Waimānalo Beach Honolulu County $16,089 $55,781 4,271 1,006
83 Eleele Kauai County $15,873 $46,705 2,040 626
84 Kukuihaele Hawai'i County $15,623 $38,750 317 106
85 North Ko'olaupoko (Waiāhole, Waikāne) Honolulu County $15,592 $55,179 726 188
86 Leilani Estates Hawai'i County $15,522 $31,541 1,046 415
87 Hawaiian Paradise Park Hawai'i County $15,417 $36,300 7,051 2,426
88 Kualapuu Maui County $15,373 $37,422 1,936 564
89 Hawaiian Ocean View Hawai'i County $15,218 $26,125 2,178 941
90 Honomu Hawai'i County $15,190 $30,179 541 193
91 Hickam Air Force Base Honolulu County $15,039 $42,298 5,471 1,632
92 Fern Forest Hawai'i County $14,958 $24,519 480 222
93 'Ewa Beach Honolulu County $14,807 $57,073 14,650 3,305
94 Hana Maui County $14,672 $50,833 709 191
95 Keaau Hawai'i County $14,657 $39,722 2,010 608
96 Waipahu Honolulu County $14,484 $49,444 33,108 7,566
97 Whitmore Village Honolulu County $14,315 $52,308 4,057 940
98 Makaha Honolulu County $14,267 $35,674 7,753 2,388
99 Kaunakakai Maui County $14,201 $34,492 2,726 867
100 Kaumakani Kauai County $14,024 $34,583 607 207
101 Halaula Hawai'i County $13,882 $47,250 495 149
102 Anahola Kauai County $13,829 $41,771 1,932 549
103 Lā'ie Honolulu County $13,785 $50,875 4,585 903
104 Papaikou Hawai'i County $13,782 $37,031 1,414 475
105 Orchidlands Estates Hawai'i County $13,748 $27,083 1,731 587
106 Paauilo Hawai'i County $13,477 $34,659 571 191
107 Waianae Honolulu County $13,348 $46,717 10,506 2,595
108 Iroquois Point Honolulu County $13,257 $44,200 2,462 675
109 Mountain View Hawai'i County $13,229 $26,860 2,799 959
110 Mā'ili Honolulu County $13,185 $45,786 5,943 1,359
111 Pepeekeo Hawai'i County $13,037 $27,946 1,697 623
112 Marine Corps Base Hawaii Honolulu County $12,983 $34,757 11,827 2,332
113 'Ewa Villages Honolulu County $12,883 $51,451 4,741 1,178
114 Hauula Honolulu County $12,684 $38,190 3,651 891
115 Pahoa Hawai'i County $13,850 $33,333 962 314
116 Waimānalo Honolulu County $12,493 $47,594 3,664 849
117 Wheeler Army Airfield Honolulu County $12,364 $32,485 2,829 739
118 Kahuku Honolulu County $12,340 $39,135 2,097 509
119 Schofield Barracks Honolulu County $12,316 $33,788 14,428 2,965
120 Makaha Valley Honolulu County $12,215 $27,446 1,289 426
121 Laupāhoehoe Hawai'i County $11,896 $29,250 473 178
122 Fern Acres Hawai'i County $11,876 $31,250 756 267
123 Nā'ālehu Hawai'i County $11,755 $31,750 919 290
124 Nānākule Honolulu County $11,690 $45,352 10,814 2,324
125 Nanawale Estates Hawai'i County $11,524 $35,703 1,073 356
126 Pahala Hawai'i County $11,450 $30,243 1,378 443
127 Hawaiian Beaches Hawai'i County $11,267 $28,467 3,709 1,192
128 Ainaloa Hawai'i County $11,109 $25,698 1,910 632
129 Eden Roc Hawai'i County $9,902 $15,658 451 186
130 Pakala Village Kauai County $9,846 $24,464 478 150
131 Maunaloa Maui County $8,065 $22,232 230 65