Hawaii Demographics

Hawaii Demographics

Demographics of Hawaii

The majority of the people of Hawaii are from the two main islands; Oahu and Molokai. The Oahu Island also nicknamed the Gathering Place has the highest population density of around 1650 people in a square mile and is the most populated of all the islands and even more than many major cities in the mainland of United States with resident population of about one million in 597 square miles. The average population of the Hawaii, taking into account the unpopulated islands and the populated ones is 188.6 people in a square mile, making it less densely populated than Ohio or Illinois. About 1.5 percent of the population in Hawaii comprises of the U S Military Personals.

Total Population of the Hawaii State

The state of Hawaii has around 1, 275,194 peoples living in it according to the 2005 census, and it has shown about 1 percent increase from the year 2004 and around 63,60 (accounting for a 5.3 percent) increase since the year 2000. This increase of the number of people includes the natural increase due to the birth and death (96027 births and 47,917 deaths in the five years) and the increase from the net migration or the immigration (positive migration of 16956 people) into the state. The majority of the immigrants into Hawaii are from outside the United States and this has resulted in a net increase of over 30 thousand people and the migration within the country has resulted in a net loss of about 13, 100 people.

Historical Populations
Census Population
1900 154,001
1910 191,874 24.6%
1920 255,881 33.4%
1930 368,300 43.9%
1940 422,770 14.8%
1950 499,794 18.2%
1960 632,772 26.6%
1970 769,913 21.7%
1980 964,691 25.3%
1990 1,108,229 14.9%
2000 1,211,537 9.3%
Est. 2008 1,288,198 6.3%

Hawaii People Age and Sex

The Male to female sex ration in the Hawaii is almost equal to 1:1 with about equal number of male and female citizens. But the number of female citizen (49.8 %) is a bit less than that of male (50.2%).

According to the studies made in the year 2000, the average projected life span of the people from Hawaii is 79.8 years; 71.1 years for men and 82.5 years for women. And the studies on the age distribution in Hawaii shows that the children below the age of 5 forms about 6.8 percent of the total population and those below 18 years of age accounts for 22.1%, the majority of the people (54.7 percent) fall in the age group of 18 to 65 and those above the age of 65 makes up 14.08 % of the total population.

SEX AND AGE Number Percentage
Male 608,671 50.2
Female 602,866 49.8
Under 5 years 78,163 6.5
5 to 9 years 84,980 7
10 to 14 years 83,106 6.9
15 to 19 years 81,002 6.7
20 to 24 years 83,409 6.9
25 to 34 years 171,159 14.1
35 to 44 years 191,177 15.8
45 to 54 years 170,979 14.1
55 to 59 years 60,561 5
60 to 64 years 46,400 3.8
65 to 74 years 85,262 7
75 to 84 years 57,775 4.8
85 years and over 17,564 1.4
Median age (years) 36.2 (X)
18 years and over 915,770 75.6
Male 456,446 37.7
Female 459,324 37.9
21 years and over 867,329 71.6
62 years and over 187,435 15.5
65 years and over 160,601 13.3
Male 71,338 5.9
Female 89,263 7.4

Hawaii State Race and Ethnicity

The American Community Survey of 2008 conducted by the U S Census Bureau gave that, slightly more than 27 percent of the population in Hawaii is made up of the White Americans of which around 25 percent were non Hispanic white. The Asian Americans makes up the majority of the population, about 38.5% of which 37.6% are non Hispanic. The African Americans accounts for the 2.4% of the population, American Indians for 0.2% and Pacific Islanders Americans for a 9% of the total people living on the islands. About twenty one percentage of the population constitutes Multiracial Americans and the rest from other race constitute about 1.4 percentages.

Asian ancestry mainly from China, Japan and Philippines forms a large proportion of the state's population, and most of them brought to the country to work in the sugar plantation in the nineteenth century starting from the mid 1800's.  German, Irish, English, Portuguese and Italian are the five major European Ancestries of the state making up about 7.4, 5.2, 4.6, 4.3 and 2.7 percentage of the population respectively.

RACE Population Percentage
One race 952,194 78.6
White 294,102 24.3
Black or African American 22,003 1.8
American Indian and Alaska Native 3,535 0.3
Asian 503,868 41.6
Asian Indian 1,441 0.1
Chinese 56,600 4.7
Filipino 170,635 14.1
Japanese 201,764 16.7
Korean 23,537 1.9
Vietnamese 7,867 0.6
Other Asian 1 42,024 3.5
Native Hawaiian and Other Pacific Islander 113,539 9.4
Native Hawaiian 80,137 6.6
Guamanian or Chamorro 1,663 0.1
Samoan 16,166 1.3
Other Pacific Islander 2 15,573 1.3
Some other race 15,147 1.3
Two or more races 259,343 21.4
Race alone or in combination with one or more other races 3
White 476,162 39.3
Black or African American 33,343 2.8
American Indian and Alaska Native 24,882 2.1
Asian 703,232 58
Native Hawaiian and Other Pacific Islander 282,667 23.3
Some other race 47,603 3.9
HISPANIC OR LATINO AND RACE
Total population 1,211,537 100
Hispanic or Latino (of any race) 87,699 7.2
Mexican 19,820 1.6
Puerto Rican 30,005 2.5
Cuban 711 0.1
Other Hispanic or Latino 37,163 3.1
Not Hispanic or Latino 1,123,838 92.8
White alone 277,091 22.9
RELATIONSHIP
Total population 1,211,537 100
In households 1,175,755 97
Householder 403,240 33.3
Spouse 216,077 17.8
Child 351,544 29
Own child under 18 years 239,483 19.8
Other relatives 127,659 10.5
Under 18 years 47,971 4
Nonrelatives 77,235 6.4
Unmarried partner 23,516 1.9
In group quarters 35,782 3
Institutionalized population 7,690 0.6
Noninstitutionalized population 28,092 2.3

Hawaii Housing Occupancy

The total housing units in Hawaii is 460,542 of which about 87.6 percent or 403,240 houses are occupied and the remaining 12.4 % are unoccupied (about 57,304 household). Out of the unoccupied households, 5.6% are used for seasonal, recreational and occasional use and the remaining is left as such over the years.

HOUSING OCCUPANCY
Total housing units 460,542 100.0
Occupied housing units 403,240 87.6
Vacant housing units 57,302 12.4
For seasonal, recreational, or occasional use 25,584 5.6
Homeowner vacancy rate (percent) 1.6 (X)
Rental vacancy rate (percent) 8.2 (X)

Hawaii Household by Type

A total of 403,240 household are there in the state of Hawaii which are occupied and out of this 287,068 or 71.2% are family household. Around 28.8 percent of the occupied household or 116,172 houses are non family household which includes householder living alone and house holder of 65 years and more. The average household size of the state of Hawaii is 2.92 and the average family size is around 3.42 people.

HOUSEHOLDS BY TYPE Population Percentage
Total households 403,240 100
Family households (families) 287,068 71.2
With own children under 18 years 129,322 32.1
Married-couple family 216,077 53.6
With own children under 18 years 96,758 24
Female householder, no husband present 49,923 12.4
With own children under 18 years 23,619 5.9
Nonfamily households 116,172 28.8
Householder living alone 88,153 21.9
Householder 65 years and over 28,565 7.1
Households with individuals under 18 years 153,008 37.9
Households with individuals 65 years and over 110,475 27.4
Average household size 2.92 (X)
Average family size 3.42 (X)

Hawaii Languages

The two official languages of Hawaii recognized by the state's constitution are English and Hawaiian and more than 74 percent of the population above the age of five speaks only English at their home according to the American Community Survey conducted in 2008. Besides English, other popular languages are Taglog making up 5.37 percentages of the people's language, Japanese comprising around 4.96 % and Ilokano about 4. 05 percent, 1.92 percent of the Hawaii residents speak Chinese and 1.68 percent people speak Hawaiian language. Around 2.6 percent of the population speaks Spanish, 1.6% speaks Indo-European languages and about twenty one percent speaks one of the different Asian languages at home.

Ancestry Percentage
Filipino 13.6%
Japanese 12.6%
Polynesian 9.0%
German 7.4%
Irish 5.2%
English 4.6%
Portuguese 4.3%
Chinese 4.1%
Korean 3.1%
Mexican 2.9%
Puerto Rican 2.8%
African 2.4%
Italian 2.7%
French 1.7%
Scottish 1.2%