Haiti

The early history of this region goes way back to the 2600BC when the ancient Arawaks came and inhabited here. Then the Venezuelans and the Spanish came here for capturing the gold mines. During the early half of the 17th century, the Spanish traders traded with the French. Over the years this country has remained as a silent witness of various historic events. Opening of the Panama Canal has made a huge impact upon the entire scenario of this country. In the 20th century, Haiti was mainly controlled by America.

Capital: Port-au-Prince
Currency: Haitian gourde
Population: 10.17 million (2012) World Bank
Official languages: Haitian Creole, French
Government: Unitary state, Semi-presidential system, Republic
Motto: "Liberté, Égalité, Fraternité" (French)
"Freedom, Equality, Brotherhood"
Motto on traditional coat of arms:
"L'union fait la force" (French)
"Union makes strength"
Anthem: La Dessalinienne (French)
The Dessalines Song

Geographical setting

The monumentous mountain scenery and exquisite tropical climate are the characteristic features of this country. Highest point of this country is the Pic la Selle. Inspite of the problems like poverty and over-population, this country is a mixture of some outstanding naturescape, fascinating music, dense cloud forests and very spiritual people. The approximate total area of Haiti is almost 27,750 square kilometers.

The population of this nation is mainly concentrated in the urban areas. 96% of the Haitians are of the African descent. The ethnic races of this country are the mulattoes, Syrians, Arabs, French, Spanish, Asian and the Germans. Many Haitians for the sake of job live in outside countries like Cuba, Dominican Republic, Canada, Venezuela and USA etc. In the state of South Florida, the NY city & in Miami, one gets to see a big number of Haitians. Haiti is actually a Francophone country and the impact of French Revolution can be found strongly here. Spanish is also spoken by the natives of this country. English and French is also spoken by a large number of the localites.

Demographics

Haiti Flag

The population of this nation is mainly concentrated in the urban areas. 96% of the Haitians are of the African descent. The ethnic races of this country are the mulattoes, Syrians, Arabs, French, Spanish, Asian and the Germans. Many Haitians for the sake of job live in outside countries like Cuba, Dominican Republic, Canada, Venezuela and USA etc. In the state of South Florida, the NY city & in Miami, one gets to see a big number of Haitians. Haiti is actually a Francophone country and the impact of French Revolution can be found strongly here. Spanish is also spoken by the natives of this country. English and French is also spoken by a large number of the localites.

Year of Independence

After the conclusion of the famous double battle for both independence & emancipation, the slaves of this entire region proclaimed their independence of the state Saint-Dominigue in 1804 on 1st Jan, under the state name of Haiti.

Airports in Haiti

» Cap Haitien Airport » Jacmel Regional Airport » Jeremie Airport » Les Cayes Airport » Port De Paix Airport » Toussaint Louverture International Airport

Economy

One of the most least-developed nations of this part of the world, the economic growth of this country has considerably degraded for the past 10 years. Almost 65% of the Haitians work in the agricultural sector and farming is considered as the lifeline of the economy of this country. Lives of a large of people are dependant upon the small scale farming. Haiti is also consistently ranked as one of the most-corrupt-nations of this world. The economy of Haiti is also looked after the neighboring countries like Cuba and Venezuela. UN is also helping this country to defend poverty and illiteracy.

Government & Politics

like any other neighboring countries, Haiti is also affected over the years due to political instability. Political crisis, violence and crimes have always been a part of this country and probably these are the reasons for the lack of economic growth in Haiti. Economic turmoil has shuttered the hopes of a good life of the Haitians. Infact, Haiti has now been given the name of the ‘kidnapping capital’ of this world. but we just hope that everything will be normal in the near future.

Culture

Haiti is a very culturally enriched country and the uniqueness of this place is that here you would see a mixed blending of cultures that includes colonial Spanish, French and the native Taino tribe. The African and European elements can be seen prominently in the culture, custom and the behaviors of the people of this country. Haiti is also quite famous all over the world because of its notable contribution in the fields of art, sculpture and painting. There is a mix of cultures that can be found in this country, such as:  Brazilian Candomblé, Santería of Cuba  and the Espiritismo of Puerto Rico. Haiti is also famous because here you will be getting different carnivals to enjoy all through the year.

Capital city

The capital city of Port-au-Prince is a buzzing place having many shops and restaurants. You can also go for sight-seeing from here.

Famous personalities

Some of the famous Haitians are: Ronald Agénor, Alexis, Jacques, Jean-Bertrand Aristide, Jean-Michel Basquiat, Garcelle Beauvais etc.

Population

As of the 1999 census report, the approximate population of Haiti is 6,780,501

Hati Related Topics

» Haiti Airports » Haiti Holidays » Haitian Culture » Colleges and Universities in Haiti » Sports in Haiti

Hati Tourist Attractions

  • The Citadelle (Cap-Haitien)
  • Bassin Bleu (Jacmel)
  • Musee du Pantheon National Haitien (Port-au-Prince)
  • Labadee
  • Kokoye Beach (Petit Goave)
  • Fort des Anglais (Zanglais)
  • Village Artistique de Noailles (Croix-des-Bouquets)
  • Champ de Mars (Port-au-Prince)
  • Dragon's Tail Coaster
  • National History Park - Citadel, Sans Souci, Ramiers
  • Petionville (Port-au-Prince)
  • Marche de Fer (Port-au-Prince)
  • Fort des Oliviers (Saint-Louis-du-Sud)
  • Fort Jacques (Ouest Department)
  • Marche de Fer (Jacmel)
  • The Caves of Haiti (Saint-Louis-du-Sud)
  • Ogier-Fombrun Museum (Montrouis)
  • Cathedrale Notre Dame de Cap Haitien (Cap-Haitien)
  • Gelee Beach (Les Cayes)
  • Kay Piat (Montrouis)
  • Saut-Mathurine (Camp Perrin)
  • Plaine du Cul de Sac (Port-au-Prince)
  • Musee de Guahaba
  • Grann Do Beach (Cotes de Fer)

Facts

Official languages
  • French
  • Haitian Creole
GDP (PPP) 2012 estimate
Demonym Haitian Total $12.942 billion
Government Unitary semi-presidential republic Per capita $1,242
President Michel Martelly GDP (nominal) 2012 estimate
Prime Minister Laurent Lamothe Total $7.902 billion
Legislature Parliament Per capita $758
Upper house Senate Gini (2001) 59.2
high
Lower house Chamber of Deputies HDI (2013)  0.456
low · 161st
Independence from France Currency Gourde (HTG)
Independence declared 1 January 1804  Time zone EST (UTC−5)
Recognized by France 17 April 1825  Summer (DST) EDT (UTC−4)
Area   Drives on the right
Total 27,750 km2 (140th)
10,714 sq mi
Calling code +509
Water (%) 0.7 ISO 3166 code HT
Population   Internet TLD .ht
(July 2014 est.) estimate 9,996,731  (84th)    
Density 350.27/km2 (32nd)
907.22/sq mi