Guyana is officially known as the Co-operative Republic of Guyana and was previously known as British Guiana. It is a state on the northern coast of South America. Guyana shares borders with Suriname to the east, Brazil to the south and southwest, Venezuela to the west and Atlantic Ocean to the north.
Guyana is spread over an area of 215,000 square kilometers being tagged as the third smallest independent state in South America. This state hosts a population of 770,000. English is the official language of Guyana apart from Portuguese, Hindi, Spanish, Akawaio, Macushi, Wai Wai, Arawak, Patamona, Warrau, Carib, Wapishiana and Arekuna are the recognized regional languages.
Guyana lies between the latitudes 1 degree and 9 degree north, and 56 degree and 62 degree west longitudes. The country is divided into five natural regions; a narrow and fertile plain where most of the Guyana population resides, a white sand belt inland consisting of mineral deposits, dense rain forests, desert savannah, and the smallest interior lowlands.
The highest peaks of Guyana are;
The longest Rivers in Guyana are;
Guyana has local tropical climate which is generally hot and humid. This country experiences two rainy seasons, from May to mid- August and from mid-November to mid-January.
Guyana has excellent natural beauty with unique species of plants. This country is covered with mangrove plantation in the coastal region while the inland is blanketed by equatorial forests. The national flower of Guyana, the Giant Victoria Amazonica which measures 10 to 12 inches in diameter is worth seeing. Guyana has 25,000 species of floras mainly concentrating on orchids.
Local fauna of Guyana consists of locusts, moth borers, acoushi ants, bats and other small mammals. Giant Jaguar is commonly found in this country. Fishes like Giant River Otter, Black Caiman and Arapaima are seen in river waters.
Over 700 species of birds like flycatchers, tanagers, gulls, egrets, parrots and hummingbirds are commonly found.
|Map of Guyana|