Great Pyramid of Giza

There are more than a 100 pyramids in Egypt, but the Great Pyramids of Egypt at Giza are the most famous. The Pyramids of Egypt at Giza have fascinated millions of visitors for centuries for its imposing size, mathematical accuracy in construction and history.

Why Pyramids Were Built?

The ancient Egyptians believed that the Pharaoh, after death, became Osiris, the king of the dead. A part of the dead pharaoh’s Ka (spirit) remained in the dead king’s body and had to be preserved carefully so he could perform his duties as Osiris properly. Failure to perform Osiris’ duties would lead to a catastrophe. Ancients Egyptians mummified the dead Pharaoh and built pyramids to shelter the mummy. They also filled the grave with utensils, food, furniture, gold and other things the pharaoh would need in his after-life.

The Location of the Great Pyramids of Egypt, at Giza

On the outskirts of Cairo, 25 km southwest of the Cairo city center, lies the Giza Plateau. The Giza Necropolis is an archaeological site on the Giza Plateau. Here you can find the Great Sphinx, cemeteries, a workers’ village and the three pyramid complexes, called the Great Pyramids of Egypt at Giza.

20,000 to 30,000 workers took over 80 years to construct the three Pyramids of Egypt at Giza.

Great Pyramid of Giza Information

Centre of Attraction Pyramids of Giza
City, Country Cairo, Egypt
Nearest Airport Cairo International Airport

 

Great Pyramid of Giza

The Great Pyramids

The Great Pyramids of Egypt at Giza comprises of 3 pyramids.

  • The Pyramid of Khufu aka the Pyramid of Cheops aka the Great Pyramid
  • The Pyramid of Chephren
  • The Pyramid of Menkure
The Pyramid of Cheops
Square at Base 230.364 m
Height 137.18m (Originally 146m)
Incline 51 Degree
The Pyramid of Chephren
Square at Base 215.8m
Height 136.5m (originally 143.5m)
Incline 53 Degree
The Pyramid of Mycerinus
Square at Base 108.5m
Height 66.5m
Incline 51 Degree

The Great Pyramid

The Pyramid of Khufu is the tallest among the Pyramids of Egypt at Giza. The Pyramid stood tall at 480.6 feet but with erosion and the loss, it even now stands at the an awe-inspiring 455.4 feet – that’s over 75 times your height if you are 6 feet tall!

Other astounding facts include

  • It took more than 20 years to construct
  • The Great Pyramid was the tallest man-made structure for over 3800 years.
  • Its mass is estimated at 5.9 million tons.
  • 2,300,000 blocks of limestone were used in its construction

If you plan to see one of the 7 wonders of the Ancient World, the Great Pyramids of Egypt at Giza would be the only intact survivor. Another reason why the Great Pyramids of Egypt at Giza is a ‘must visit’ on the list of travelers across the world.

Giza Necropolis

West Field

Cemetery Time Period Excavation
Abu Bakr Excavations the 5th and 6th dynasty (1949–53)
Cemetery G 1000 the 5th and 6th dynasty Reisner (1903–05)
Cemetery G 1100 the 5th and 6th dynasty Reisner (1903–05)
Cemetery G 1200 Mainly 4th dynasty Reisner (1903–05)
Cemetery G 1300 the 5th and 6th dynasty Reisner (1903–05)
Cemetery G 1400 the 5th dynasty or later Reisner (1903–05)
Cemetery G 1500   Reisner (1931?)
Cemetery G 1600 the 5th dynasty or later Reisner (1931)
Cemetery G 1900   Reisner (1931)
Cemetery G 2000   the 5th and 6th dynasty
Cemetery G 2100 the 4th and 5th dynasty and later Reisner (1931)
Cemetery G 2200 Late 4th or early 5th dynasty Reisner ?
Cemetery G 2300 5th dynasty and 6th dynasty Reisner (1911–13)
Cemetery G 2400 5th dynasty and 6th dynasty Reisner (1911–13)
Cemetery G 2500   Reisner
Cemetery G 3000 6th dynasty Fisher and Eckley Case Jr (1915)
Cemetery G 4000 4th dynasty and later Junker and Reisner (1931)
Cemetery G 6000 5th dynasty Reisner (1925–26)
Junker Cemetery (West) Late Old Kingdom Junker (1926-7)
Steindorff Cemetery 5th dynasty and 6th dynasty Steindorff (1903–07)
Junker Cemetery (East) Late Old Kingdom Junker

Giza East Field

Tomb Number Owner Comments
G 7000 X Queen Hetepheres I Mother of Khufu
G 7010 Nefertkau I Daughter of Sneferu, half-sister of Khufu
G 7060 Nefermaat I Son of Nefertkau I and Vizier of Khafra
G 7070 Sneferukhaf Son of Nefermaat II
G 7110-7120 Kawab and Hetepheres II Kawab was the eldest son of Khufu
G 7130-7140 Khufukhaf I and Nefertkau II King’s Son and Vizier and his wife
G 7210-7220 Djedefhor King’s Son of Khufu and Meritites
G 7350 Hetepheres II Wife of Kawab and later wife of Djedefre
G 7410-7420 Meresankh II and Horbaef Meresankh was a king’s daughter and king’s wife
G 7430-7440 Minkhaf I Son of Khufu and Vizier of Khafra
G 7510 Ankhhaf Son of Sneferu and Vizier of Khafra
G 7530-7540 Meresankh III Daughter of Kawab and Hetepheres II, wife of Khafra
G 7550 Duaenhor Probably son of Kawab and thus a grand-son of Khufu
G 7560 Akhethotep and Meritites II Meritites is a daughter of Khufu
G 7660 Kaemsekhem Son of Kawab, a grandson of Khufu, worked as Director of the Palace
G7760 Mindjedef Son of Kawab, a grandson of Khufu, worked as Treasurer
G 7810 Djaty Son of Queen Meresankh II

Central Field, Giza

Tomb Number Owner Comments
G 8172 (LG 86) Nebemakhet Son of Khafre , served as Vizier
G 8158 (LG 87) Nikaure Son of Khafre and Persenet, served as Vizier
G 8156 (LG 88) Persenet Wife of Khafre
G 8154 (LG 89) Sekhemkare Son of Khafre and Hekenuhedjet
G 8140 Niuserre Son of Khafre, Vizier in the 5th dynasty
G 8130 Niankhre King’s Son, probably 5th dynasty
G 8080 (LG 92) Iunmin King’s Son, end of 4th dynasty
G 8260 Babaef Son of Khafre, end of 4th dynasty
G 8466 Iunre Son of Khafre, end of 4th dynasty
G 8464 Hemetre Probably daughter of Khafre, end of 4th dynasty or 5th dynasty
G 8460 Ankhmare King’s son and Vizier, end of 4th dynasty
G 8530 Rekhetre King’s daughter (of Khafre) and Queen, end of 4th dynasty or 5th dynasty
G 8408 Bunefer King’s daughter and Queen, end of 4th dynasty or 5th dynasty
G 8978 Khamerernebty I King’s daughter and Queen, middle to end of 4th dynasty. Also known as the Galarza Tomb