Golden Temple

The Golden Temple, the holy temple or gurudwara of the Sikhs, is situated at Amritsar in the state of Punjab, India. The fourth Sikh Guru, Guru Ram Das, began its construction. It was completed by Guru Arjan, the next Guru. The Adi Granth , the holy book of the Sikhs was installed in this gurudwara in 1604 AD.

The 17th and 18th centuries was a period of turmoil for the Sikhs. Fights between Sikhs and hostile forces like the Afghans and the Moghuls were frequent, resulting in repeated damage to the Golden Temple (India). It was only in the 19th century that Maharaja Ranjit Singh was able to ensure the security of Punjab. He got the gurudwara covered with gold and adding to the name “Golden Temple”.

Some Facts Related to the Golden Temple

  • The actual name of the Golden Temple is Harmandir Sahib. It has another name, Darbar Sahib.
  • It is considered holy because of the presence of Adi Granth, also known as Sri Guru Granth Sahib. This book was proclaimed by the eternal guru Guru Gobind Singh, their tenth guru.
  • The first foundation stone of the temple was laid by Hazrat Mian Pir, a great sufi saint of Lahore.
Golden Temple

Golden Temple Information

Golden Temple General Information
Architectural Style Sikh architecture
Town or City Amritsar
Country India
Coordinates 31°37′12″N 74°52′37″E
Construction Started December 1585 AD
Completed August 1604 AD
Golden Temple Design and Construction
Client Guru Arjan Dev & Sikhs
Architect Guru Arjan Dev

Golden Temple Quick Facts

Golden Temple Site Information
Names: Golden Temple of Amritsar; Harmandir Sahib, Hari Mandir
Location: Amritsar, Punjab, India
Faith: Sikhism
Category: Temples
Date: 1574-1601
Features: Holiest
Status: active
Golden Temple Visitor Information
Coordinates: 31.620045° N, 74.876397° E
Lodging: View hotels near this location
Phone: Temple Manager: 0183/255-3953, -3957, or -3958
Information Office: 0183/255-3954
Opening hours: Summer: daily 7:30am-7:30pm
Winter: 8am-7pm

Weather and Climate of Amritsar the City of the Golden Temple

The climate of Amritsar is generally dry. Summer starts in April and continues until June. The rainy season is from July to September. The post monsoon period lasts till the first week of November. Winter then sets in and continues through March. The minimum temperature of June, the hottest month is 25.20° C. The maximum temperature registered for January, the coldest month is 4.5° C.

Things to See and Things to Do at the Golden Temple

  • A large lake called the Sarovar surrounds the Golden Temple. The holy water is called ‘Amrit’, the nectar of immortality.
  • All people, irrespective of religion, age, color and sex can visit the Harmandir Sahib.
  • There are however some restrictions regarding behavior and dressing in the Golden Temple –
  • The visitor should remove his footwear and wash his feet.
  • Consumption of alcohol and meat as well as smoking is prohibited.
  • One’s head should be covered as a mark of respect.
  • Festivals like Baisakhi and Diwali are celebrated at the Golden Temple (India). Religious days like the birthday of Guru Nanak are also observed with great fervor.

Golden Temple Timings / Hours

  • Sunday Through Thursday - 11:00 a.m. to 1:00 a.m.
  • Friday and Saturday - 11:00 a.m. to 2:00 a.m.

Golden Temple Objects of Interest

  • Dukh Bhanjni Ber (Jujube Tree)
  • Thara Sahib
  • Ber Baba Budha Ji
  • Gurdwara llachi Ber
  • Ath Sath Tirath
  • Gurdwara Shaheed Bunga Baba Deep Singh


See Also Other Natural Wonders in Asia