The Golden Temple, the holy temple or gurudwara of the Sikhs, is situated at Amritsar in the state of Punjab, India. The fourth Sikh Guru, Guru Ram Das, began its construction. It was completed by Guru Arjan, the next Guru. The Adi Granth , the holy book of the Sikhs was installed in this gurudwara in 1604 AD.
The 17th and 18th centuries was a period of turmoil for the Sikhs. Fights between Sikhs and hostile forces like the Afghans and the Moghuls were frequent, resulting in repeated damage to the Golden Temple (India). It was only in the 19th century that Maharaja Ranjit Singh was able to ensure the security of Punjab. He got the gurudwara covered with gold and adding to the name “Golden Temple”.
|Golden Temple General Information|
|Architectural Style||Sikh architecture|
|Town or City||Amritsar|
|Construction Started||December 1585 AD|
|Completed||August 1604 AD|
|Golden Temple Design and Construction|
|Client||Guru Arjan Dev & Sikhs|
|Architect||Guru Arjan Dev|
|Golden Temple Site Information|
|Names:||Golden Temple of Amritsar; Harmandir Sahib, Hari Mandir|
|Location:||Amritsar, Punjab, India|
|Golden Temple Visitor Information|
|Coordinates:||31.620045° N, 74.876397° E|
|Lodging:||View hotels near this location|
|Phone:||Temple Manager: 0183/255-3953, -3957, or -3958
Information Office: 0183/255-3954
|Opening hours:||Summer: daily 7:30am-7:30pm
The climate of Amritsar is generally dry. Summer starts in April and continues until June. The rainy season is from July to September. The post monsoon period lasts till the first week of November. Winter then sets in and continues through March. The minimum temperature of June, the hottest month is 25.20° C. The maximum temperature registered for January, the coldest month is 4.5° C.