Georgia Politics and Government

Georgia Politics and Government

Georgia Government and Politics

Just like any other U.S. states and the national government, the government of Georgia is also based on the doctrine of the divorce of lawmaking, executive and court. Executive power in the state is held by the governor, at present Mr. Sonny Perdue. The governor and deputy governor are chosen on different votes for an official term of four years. Different from the centralized government, but similar to a lot of other U.S. states, the majority of the managerial bureaucrats who make up the governor's team are chosen by the people of Georgia and are not selected by the governor.

Lawmaking power rests with the General Assembly, made up of the Senate and House of Legislative body. The deputy Governor takes the chair over the Senate, whereas the House of Legislative body chooses their individual Speaker. The Georgia Constitution has an upper limit of 56 senators along with at least 180 Legislative body members. There are at present 56 senators and 180 legislative body members. The tenure to handle the office for senators and legislative body members is two years.

The judicial power is with the state Supreme Court and Court of Appeals, which have their influence on the entire state. Additionally, there are various other courts which have a restricted geological influence. Justices of the Supreme Court and jury of the Court of Appeals are chosen across the state by the people in the elections for the terms of six years. Jury for the smaller courts is chosen by the people who reside inside that court's influence for the terms of four years.

Georgia Local Government

Provinces in Georgia have their own designated governmental division generally known as the Board of Commissioners, which more often than not has a decision making power in the county. Apart from the provinces, Georgia just identifies cities as the local elements of administration.

Georgia Politics

Of late, the state government of Georgia had the best ever continuous achievement of totalitarian supremacy, by the Democratic Party, of every state in the Union.

Subsequent to the Reconstruction, white Democrats got back the influence and power, in particular by the legalized disfranchisement of the greater part of the African Americans and a big number of underprivileged whites by the creation of barricades to registration of voters. During the 1900s, prior to when Georgia accepted a disfranchising legitimate modification in 1908, blacks were approximately 47% of the total number of inhabitants of Georgia.

For more than 130 years, for the period of 1872 to 2003, Georgians merely designated white Democratic governors, and white Democrats had the greater number of the seats in the General Assembly. The major number of the Democrats that were selected throughout these years was Southern Democrats, who were very traditional in the terms of national principles. This sustained following the segregationist phase which concluded officially in the 1960s. As per to the 1960 survey, the share of Georgia's inhabitants that belonged to African American race had dropped off to 28%. Subsequent to when Democratic Congress approved the civil rights bill to get vote and social rights during the 1960s, the majority of African Americans in the South were associated with the Democratic Party.
During the years of 1960s and 1970s, Georgia made major and noteworthy modifications in human rights, power, and financial expansion centered on Atlanta. It was very basis and foundations of the promising "New South". This classification was freezed with the selection of ex Georgia Governor Jimmy Carter in 1976 to the Presidency of the United States.

The political supremacy of Democrats was defunct in 2003, when the Governor of those times, Mr. Roy Barnes won the election by defeating the Republican Sonny Perdue, a state representative and an ex- Democrat. Even as Democrats kept hold of the power of the State House, they did not have had their majority in the Senate when four Democrats changed the political parties. They, thus, lost the House in the 2004 voting. Republicans now manage all three member parts of the state government.

During the current years, a lot of traditional Democrats, together with the ex U.S. Senator and Governor Zell Miller, have resolute to help the Republicans. The communally traditional inclination of the state had resulted into the large help for such procedures as curbing of abortion. Its electorates passed a prohibition on homosexual matrimony with 76% of them voting yes. Even prior to 2003, the state had turned out to be more and more helpful towards Republicans in Presidential voting. Normally, Republicans are the most strong in the largely white uptowns, in particular the Atlanta downtowns and rustic parts of the state. A lot of these parts were corresponded by traditional Democrats in the state government during the 21st century. One of the most traditional of them was U.S. Congressman Larry McDonald, ex chief of the John Birch Society who was murdered during the time when the Soviet Union shot KAL 007 close to the Sakhalin Island. Democratic aspirants have been apt to prevail with a high fraction of the votes in the regions where the black people are majority in number, in addition to the metropolises, particularly, Atlanta and Athens, and the rustic Black Belt districts.

In the current proceedings, Democrat Jim Martin contested in opposition to the current Republican Senator Saxby Chambliss. Chambliss’ efforts were abortive to get hold of the essential 50 percent of votes, a Libertarian Party applicant getting the rest of the votes.

List of Governors of Georgia

Colonial Governors

  • James Oglethorpe, Resident Trustee, 1733 - 1743
  • William Stephens, President, 1743 - 1751
  • Henry Parker, President, 1751 - 1752
  • Patrick Graham, President, 1752 - 1754
  • John Reynolds, 1754 - 1757
  • Henry Ellis, 1757 - 1760
  • James Wright, 1760-1776

Restored Royal Government During Revolutionary War

  • Archibald Campbell, 1778 - 1779 (provisional)
  • James Mark Prevost, 1779 (provisional)
  • James Wright, 1779 - 1782

Georgia State Parties

Party Governors
Democratic 47
None or non-party Whig 23
Democratic-Republican 18
Republican 3
Whig 2
Military 1

Governors of Georgia

# Governor Took Office Left Office Party Namesake Lt. Governor
1 William Ewen June 22, 1775 December 11, 1775 Whig   None
2 George Walton December 11, 1775 February 20, 1776 Whig Walton County None
3 William Ewen February 20, 1776 May 1, 1776 Whig   None
4 Archibald Bulloch May 1, 1776 March 4, 1777 Whig Bulloch County None
5 Button Gwinnett March 4, 1777 May 8, 1777 Whig Gwinnett County None
6 John A. Treutlen May 8, 1777 January 10, 1778 Whig Treutlen County None
7 John Houstoun January 10, 1778 January 7, 1779 Whig Houston County None
8 William Glascock January 7, 1779 July 24, 1779 Whig   None
9 Seth John Cuthbert July 24, 1779 August 6, 1779 Whig   None
10 John Wereat August 6, 1779 November 4, 1779 Whig   None
11 George Walton November 4, 1779 January 4, 1780 Whig Walton County None
12 Richard Howly January 4, 1780 February 16, 1780 Whig   None
13 Humphrey Wells February 16, 1780 February 18, 1780 Whig   None
14 Stephen Heard February 18, 1780 August 1780 Whig Heard County None
15 Myrick Davies August 1780 August 18, 1781 Whig   None
16 Nathan Brownson August 18, 1781 January 3, 1782 none   None
17 John Martin January 3, 1782 January 8, 1783 none   None
18 Lyman Hall January 8, 1783 January 9, 1784 none Hall County None
19 John Houstoun January 9, 1784 January 6, 1785 none Houston County None
20 Samuel Elbert January 6, 1785 January 9, 1786 none Elbert County None
21 Edward Telfair January 9, 1786 January 9, 1787 none Telfair County None
22 George Mathews January 9, 1787 January 26, 1788 none   None
23 George Handley January 26, 1788 January 7, 1789 none   None
24 George Walton January 7, 1789 November 9, 1790 Democratic-Republican Walton County None
25 Edward Telfair November 9, 1790 November 7, 1793 Democratic-Republican Telfair County None
26 George Mathews November 7, 1793 January 15, 1796 Democratic-Republican   None
27 Jared Irwin January 15, 1796 January 12, 1798 Democratic-Republican Washington County None
28 James Jackson January 12, 1798 March 3, 1801 Democratic-Republican, Jackson faction Jackson County None
29 David Emanuel March 3, 1801 November 7, 1801 Democratic-Republican, Jackson faction Emanuel County None
30 Josiah Tattnall, Sr. November 7, 1801 November 4, 1802 Democratic-Republican, Jackson faction Tattnall County None
31 John Milledge November 4, 1802 September 23, 1806 Democratic-Republican, Jackson faction Milledgeville None
32 Jared Irwin September 23, 1806 November 10, 1809 Democratic-Republican, Jackson faction Irwin County None
33 David B. Mitchell November 10, 1809 November 5, 1813 Democratic-Republican, Jackson faction   None
34 Peter Early November 5, 1813 November 20, 1815 Democratic-Republican, Jackson faction Early County None
35 David B. Mitchell November 20, 1815 March 4, 1817 Democratic-Republican, Jackson faction   None
36 William Rabun March 4, 1817 October 24, 1819 Democratic-Republican, Troup faction Rabun County None
37 Matthew Talbot October 24, 1819 November 5, 1819 Democratic-Republican, Clark faction Talbot County None
38 John Clark November 5, 1819 November 7, 1823 Democratic-Republican, Clark faction   None
39 George M. Troup November 7, 1823 November 7, 1827 Democratic-Republican, Troup faction Troup County None
40 John Forsyth November 7, 1827 November 4, 1829 Democratic-Republican, Troup faction Forsyth County None
41 George R. Gilmer November 4, 1829 November 9, 1831 Democratic-Republican, Troup faction Gilmer County None
42 Wilson Lumpkin November 9, 1831 November 4, 1835 Union (Democratic) Lumpkin County None
43 William Schley November 4, 1835 November 8, 1837 Union (Democratic) Schley County None
44 George R. Gilmer November 8, 1837 November 6, 1839 State Rights (Whig) Gilmer County None
45 Charles J. McDonald November 6, 1839 November 8, 1843 Union (Democratic)   None
46 George W. Crawford November 8, 1843 November 3, 1847 whig Crawford County None
47 George W. Towns November 3, 1847 November 5, 1851 Democratic Towns County None
48 Howell Cobb November 5, 1851 November 9, 1853 Constitutional Union (Democratic) (not Cobb County) None
49 Herschel V. Johnson November 9, 1853 November 6, 1857 Democratic Johnson County None
50 Joseph E. Brown November 6, 1857 June 17, 1865 Democratic   None
51 James Johnson June 17, 1865 December 14, 1865 Democratic   None
52 Charles J. Jenkins December 14, 1865 January 13, 1868 Democratic Jenkins County None
53 Thomas H. Ruger January 13, 1868 July 4, 1868 Military   None
54 Rufus B. Bullock July 4, 1868 October 30, 1871 Republican   None
55 Benjamin Conley October 30, 1871 January 12, 1872 Republican   None
56 James M. Smith January 12, 1872 January 12, 1877 Democratic   None
57 Alfred H. Colquitt January 12, 1877 November 4, 1882 Democratic (not Colquitt County) None
58 Alexander H. Stephens November 4, 1882 March 4, 1883 Democratic Stephens County None
59 James S. Boynton March 4, 1883 May 10, 1883 Democratic   None
60 Henry D. McDaniel May 10, 1883 November 9, 1886 Democratic   None
61 John B. Gordon November 9, 1886 November 8, 1890 Democratic (not Gordon County) None
62 William J. Northen November 8, 1890 October 27, 1894 Democratic   None
63 William Y. Atkinson October 27, 1894 October 29, 1898 Democratic Atkinson County None
64 Allen D. Candler October 29, 1898 October 25, 1902 Democratic Candler County None
65 Joseph M. Terrell October 25, 1902 June 29, 1907 Democratic (not Terrell County) None
66 Hoke Smith June 29, 1907 June 26, 1909 Democratic   None
67 Joseph M. Brown June 26, 1909 July 1, 1911 Democratic   None
68 Hoke Smith July 1, 1911 November 16, 1911 Democratic   None
69 John M. Slaton November 16, 1911 January 25, 1912 Democratic   None
70 Joseph M. Brown January 25, 1912 June 28, 1913 Democratic   None
71 John M. Slaton June 28, 1913 June 26, 1915 Democratic   None
72 Nathaniel E. Harris June 26, 1915 June 30, 1917 Democratic   None
73 Hugh M. Dorsey June 30, 1917 June 25, 1921 Democratic   None
74 Thomas W. Hardwick June 25, 1921 June 30, 1923 Democratic   None
75 Clifford Walker June 30, 1923 June 25, 1927 Democratic   None
76 Lamartine G. Hardman June 25, 1927 June 27, 1931 Democratic   None
77 Richard Russell, Jr. June 27, 1931 January 10, 1933 Democratic   None
78 Eugene Talmadge January 10, 1933 January 12, 1937 Democratic   None
79 Eurith D. Rivers January 12, 1937 January 14, 1941 Democratic   None
80 Eugene Talmadge January 14, 1941 January 12, 1943 Democratic   None
81 Ellis Arnall January 12, 1943 January 14, 1947 Democratic   None
82 Herman Talmadge January 14, 1947 March 18, 1947 Democratic   Melvin E. Thompson
83 Melvin E. Thompson March 18, 1947 November 17, 1948 Democratic   Vacant
84 Herman Talmadge November 17, 1948 January 11, 1955 Democratic   Marvin Griffin
85 Marvin Griffin January 11, 1955 January 13, 1959 Democratic   Ernest Vandiver
86 Ernest Vandiver January 13, 1959 January 15, 1963 Democratic   Garland T. Byrd
87 Carl E. Sanders January 15, 1963 January 11, 1967 Democratic   Peter Zack Geer
88 Lester Maddox January 11, 1967 January 12, 1971 Democratic   George Thornewell Smith
89 Jimmy Carter January 12, 1971 January 24, 1975 Democratic   Lester Maddox
90 George Busbee January 14, 1975 January 11, 1983 Democratic   Zell Miller
91 Joe Frank Harris January 11, 1983 January 13, 1991 Democratic   Zell Miller
92 Zell Miller January 13, 1991 January 11, 1999 Democratic   Pierre Howard
93 Roy Barnes January 11, 1999 January 13, 2003 Democratic   Mark Taylor
94 Sonny Perdue January 13, 2003 Incumbent Republican   Mark Taylor
95 Casey Cagle

Other High Offices Held

Name Gubernatorial term U.S. Congress Other Offices Held
House Senate
George Walton 1775–1776, 1779–1780, 1789–1790 H S Continental Delegate
Archibald Bulloch 1776–1777     Continental Delegate
Button Gwinnett 1777     Continental Delegate
John Houstoun 1778–1779, 1784–1785     Continental Delegate
John Wereat 1779     Continental Delegate
Richard Howly 1780     Continental Delegate
Nathan Brownson 1781–1782     Continental Delegate
Lyman Hall 1783–1784     Continental Delegate
Samuel Elbert 1785–1786     Continental Delegate
Edward Telfair 1786–1786, 1790–1793     Continental Delegate
George Mathews 1787–1788, 1793–1796 H    
James Jackson 1798–1801 H S*  
Josiah Tattnall 1801–1802   S  
John Milledge 1802–1806 H S*  
Peter Early 1813–1815 H    
George Troup 1823–1827 H S  
John Forsyth 1827–1829 H S U.S. Secretary of State
George R. Gilmer 1829–1831, 1837–1839 H    
Wilson Lumpkin 1831–1835 H S  
William Schley 1835–1837 H    
George W. Crawford 1843–1847 H   U.S. Secretary of War
George W. Towns 1847–1851 H    
Howell Cobb 1851–1853 H   Speaker of the House, U.S. Secretary of the Treasury, Acting President of the Confederate States
Herschel V. Johnson 1853–1857   S Confederate Senator
Joseph E. Brown 1868–1870   S  
James Johnson 1865 H    
James Milton Smith 1872–1877     Confederate Representative
Alfred H. Colquitt 1877–1882 H S  
Alexander H. Stephens 1882–1883 H   Confederate Representative, Vice President of the Confederate States of America; elected to the U.S. Senate but was refused his seat
John Brown Gordon 1886–1890   S  
Allen D. Candler 1898–1902 H    
Joseph M. Terrell 1902–1907   S  
Hoke Smith 1907–1909, 1911   S* U.S. Secretary of the Interior
Thomas W. Hardwick 1921–1923 H S  
Richard Russell, Jr. 1931–1933   S President pro tempore of the Senate
Herman Talmadge 1947, 1948–1955   S  
Jimmy Carter 1971–1975     President of the United States
Zell Miller 1991–1999   S  

Living Former Governors

Name Gubernatorial Tterm Date of Birth
Carl Sanders 1963–1967 May 15, 1925 (1925-05-15) (age 85)
Jimmy Carter 1971–1975 October 1, 1924 (1924-10-01) (age 85)
Joe Frank Harris 1983–1991 February 16, 1936 (1936-02-16) (age 74)
Zell Miller 1991–1999 February 24, 1932 (1932-02-24) (age 78)
Roy Barnes 1999–2003 March 11, 1948 (1948-03-11) (age 62)

List of United States Senators from Georgia

Class 2

# Senator Took Office Left Office Party Residence Background
1 William Few March 4, 1789 March 3, 1793 Anti-Administration Augusta Delegate to Constitutional Convention
2 James Jackson March 4, 1793 November 16, 1795 Anti-Administration Savannah Member of the U.S. House of Representatives
3 George Walton November 16, 1795 February 20, 1796 Federalist Augusta Governor of Georgia
4 Josiah Tattnall February 20, 1796 March 3, 1799 Democratic-Republican Savannah Georgia House of Representatives
5 Abraham Baldwin March 4, 1799 March 4, 1807 Democratic-Republican Augusta Member of the U.S. House of Representatives
Vacant March 4, 1807 August 27, 1807  
6 George Jones August 27, 1807 November 7, 1807 Democratic-Republican Savannah Georgia Circuit Court Judge
7 William H. Crawford November 7, 1807 March 23, 1813 Democratic-Republican Lexington Georgia House of Representatives
Vacant March 23, 1813 April 8, 1813  
8 William Bellinger Bulloch April 8, 1813 November 6, 1813 Democratic-Republican Savannah Mayor of Savannah
9 William Wyatt Bibb November 6, 1813 November 9, 1816 Democratic-Republican Petersburg Member of the U.S. House of Representatives
Vacant November 9, 1816 November 13, 1816  
10 George M. Troup November 13, 1816 September 23, 1818 Democratic-Republican Dublin Member of the U.S. House of Representatives
11 John Forsyth September 23, 1818 February 17, 1819 Democratic-Republican Augusta Member of the U.S. House of Representatives
Vacant February 17, 1819 November 6, 1819  
12 Freeman Walker November 6, 1819 August 6, 1821 Democratic-Republican Augusta Mayor of Augusta
Vacant August 6, 1821 November 10, 1821  
13 Nicholas Ware November 10, 1821 September 7, 1824 Democratic-Republican Augusta Mayor of Augusta
Vacant September 7, 1824 December 6, 1824  
14 Thomas W. Cobb December 6, 1824 November 7, 1828 Democratic-Republican Greensboro Member of the U.S. House of Representatives
15 Oliver H. Prince November 7, 1828 March 3, 1829 Jacksonian Macon Georgia Senate
16 George M. Troup March 4, 1829 November 8, 1833 Jacksonian Dublin Governor of Georgia
Vacant November 8, 1833 November 21, 1833  
17 John Pendleton King November 21, 1833 November 1, 1837 Jacksonian Augusta Court of Common Pleas Judge
Vacant November 1, 1837 November 22, 1837  
18 Wilson Lumpkin November 22, 1837 March 3, 1841 Democratic Athens Governor of Georgia
19 John Macpherson Berrien March 4, 1841 May 28, 1852 Whig Savannah U.S. Attorney General
Vacant May 28, 1852 May 31, 1852  
20 Robert M. Charlton May 31, 1852 March 3, 1853 Democratic Savannah Lawyer and Judge
21 Robert A. Toombs March 4, 1853 February 4, 1861 Democratic Washington Member of the U.S. House of Representatives
Vacant February 4, 1861 February 24, 1871  
22 Homer V.M. Miller February 24, 1871 March 3, 1871 Democratic Rome Surgeon
Vacant March 4, 1871 December 13, 1871  
23 Thomas M. Norwood December 13, 1871 March 3, 1877 Democratic Savannah Lawyer
24 Benjamin Harvey Hill March 4, 1877 August 18, 1882 Democratic Atlanta Member of the U.S. House of Representatives
Vacant August 18, 1882 November 15, 1882  
25 Middleton Pope Barrow November 15, 1882 March 3, 1883 Democratic Athens Georgia House of Representatives
26 Alfred H. Colquitt March 4, 1883 March 26, 1894 Democratic Atlanta Governor of Georgia
Vacant March 26, 1894 April 2, 1894  
27 Patrick Walsh April 2, 1894 March 3, 1895 Democratic Augusta Newspaper Publisher
28 Augustus Octavius Bacon March 4, 1895 February 14, 1914 Democratic Macon Speaker of the Georgia House of Representatives
Vacant February 14, 1914 March 2, 1914  
29 William S. West March 2, 1914 November 3, 1914 Democratic Valdosta Georgia Senate
30 Thomas W. Hardwick November 4, 1914 March 3, 1919 Democratic Sandersville Member of the U.S. House of Representatives
31 William J. Harris March 4, 1919 April 18, 1932 Democratic Cedartown Member of the Federal Trade Commission
Vacant April 18, 1932 April 25, 1932  
32 John S. Cohen April 25, 1932 January 11, 1933 Democratic Atlanta Newspaper Publisher
33 Richard B. Russell, Jr. January 12, 1933 January 21, 1971 Democratic Winder Governor of Georgia
Vacant January 21, 1971 February 1, 1971  
34 David H. Gambrell February 1, 1971 November 7, 1972 Democratic Atlanta Chairman of the Georgia Democratic Party
35 Sam Nunn November 8, 1972 January 3, 1997 Democratic Perry Georgia House of Representatives
36 Max Cleland January 3, 1997 January 3, 2003 Democratic Lithonia Secretary of the State of Georgia
37 Saxby Chambliss January 3, 2003 Incumbent Republican Moultrie Member of the U.S. House of Representatives

Class 3

# Senator Took Office Left Office Party Residence Background
1 James Gunn March 4, 1789 March 3, 1801 Anti-Administration Savannah Lawyer and Soldier
2 James Jackson March 4, 1801 March 19, 1806 Democratic-Republican Savannah Governor of Georgia
Vacant March 19, 1806 June 19, 1806  
3 John Milledge June 19, 1806 November 14, 1809 Democratic-Republican Augusta Governor of Georgia
Vacant November 14, 1809 November 27, 1809  
4 Charles Tait November 27, 1809 March 3, 1819 Democratic-Republican Elbert Georgia Circuit Court Judge
5 John Elliott March 4, 1819 March 3, 1825 Democratic-Republican Sunbury Lawyer
6 John Macpherson Berrien March 4, 1825 March 9, 1829 Jacksonian Savannah Georgia Senate
Vacant March 9, 1829 November 9, 1829  
7 John Forsyth November 9, 1829 June 27, 1834 Jacksonian Augusta Governor of Georgia
Vacant June 27, 1834 January 12, 1835  
8 Alfred Cuthbert January 12, 1835 March 3, 1843 Democratic Monticello Member of the U.S. House of Representatives
9 Walter T. Colquitt March 4, 1843 February 4, 1848 Democratic Columbus Member of the U.S. House of Representatives
10 Herschel Vespasian Johnson February 4, 1848 March 3, 1849 Democratic Milledgeville Lawyer
11 William Crosby Dawson March 4, 1849 March 3, 1855 Whig Greensboro Member of the U.S. House of Representatives
12 Alfred Iverson, Sr. March 4, 1855 January 28, 1861 Democratic Columbus Judge of the Georgia Superior Court
Vacant January 28, 1861 February 1, 1871  
13 Joshua Hill February 1, 1871 March 3, 1873 Republican Madison Member of the U.S. House of Representatives
14 John Brown Gordon March 4, 1873 May 26, 1880 Democratic Atlanta Lawyer and Confederate Army General
15 Joseph E. Brown May 26, 1880 March 3, 1891 Democratic Atlanta Governor of Georgia
16 John Brown Gordon March 4, 1891 March 3, 1897 Democratic Atlanta Governor of Georgia
17 Alexander S. Clay March 4, 1897 November 13, 1910 Democratic Marietta Governor of Georgia
Vacant November 13, 1910 November 17, 1910  
18 Joseph M. Terrell November 17, 1910 July 14, 1911 Democratic Greenville Governor of Georgia
Vacant July 14, 1911 November 16, 1911  
19 M. Hoke Smith November 16, 1911 March 3, 1921 Democratic Atlanta Governor of Georgia
20 Thomas E. Watson March 4, 1921 September 26, 1922 Democratic Thomson Member of the U.S. House of Representatives
Vacant September 26, 1922 November 21, 1922  
21 Rebecca Latimer Felton November 21, 1922 November 22, 1922 Democratic Cartersville Political Activist
22 Walter F. George November 22, 1922 January 2, 1957 Democratic Vienna Associate Justice of the Georgia Supreme Court
23 Herman E. Talmadge January 3, 1957 January 3, 1981 Democratic Lovejoy Governor of Georgia
24 Mack Mattingly January 3, 1981 January 3, 1987 Republican St. Simons Island Chairman of the Georgia Republican Party
25 Wyche Fowler January 3, 1987 January 3, 1993 Democratic Atlanta Member of the U.S. House of Representatives
26 Paul Coverdell January 3, 1993 July 18, 2000 Republican Atlanta Director of the Peace Corps
Vacant July 18, 2000 July 27, 2000  
27 Zell Miller July 27, 2000 January 3, 2005 Democratic Young Harris Governor of Georgia
28 Johnny Isakson January 3, 2005 Incumbent Republican Marietta Member of the U.S. House of Representatives