Georgia is a state situated in the Caucasus region of Eurasia. It is located at the cross roads of Western Asia and Eastern Europe. Georgia is encircled by Black Sea to the west, Russia to the north, Turkey to the southwest, Armenia to the south, and Azerbaijan to the southeast.
Tbilisi is the capital city and the largest city in Georgia. The official language of this country is Georgian. It is spread over an area of 69,700 square kilometers and hosts almost 4.7 million people as per the 2010 estimate. It lies between the latitudes 41 degree and 44 degree north, and 40 degree and 47 degree east longitudes.
There are mainly two climatic zones in Georgia which roughly separates the Eastern and Western parts of the country. Georgia’s climate is protected from the penetration of colder breeze from the north by the Greater Mountain Range. However, an influence of the dry and hot air masses from the south manage to enter the Lesser Caucasus Mountain region.
The average down pour in much of the western Georgia ranges from 1,000-4,000 mm. The rainfall is particularly heavy during the autumn months. However, the climate and temperature in Georgia varies according to places and regions.
The following are the highest peaks in Georgia.
Georgia has more than 500 popular mineral waters such as Borjomi, Sairme, Bakhmaro, Nabegalvi, Zevere, Javal and many more. There are more than 4500 species of vascular plants in this country of which 15% are restricted to the Caucasus.
Georgia with 360 species of birds, four types of vultures and eleven types of eagles, is a bird-watching paradise. This country is home to wolves, bears, jackals, foxes, lynx and other predators. The mountain regions inhabit roe deer, red deer, chamois, wild boar, and wild or bezoar goats are found in herds in this country.
|Map of Georgia|