Georgia Geography

Georgia Geography

Georgia Geography History

Georgia is a hilly nation. The Northern physical borders extend to the length of the Great Caucasian Range, which takes in the Main Caucasian Range, and the other ranges extend to the South. The Southern borders overlap with the hilly set of the Minor Caucasus, together with the Meskheti - Trialeti volcanic highland. Amid the Great and Minor Caucasus plains are positioned. The Western division of the nation is surrounded by the Black Sea.

Georgia is positioned in crumpled Alpine zone, in Subtropical zones of northern border.
The physical establishment is distinguished by the rain is principally of Mesozoic and Cainozoic age. As per the crumples it is fractioned by quite a few Geotectonical units: from North to the South by Caucasian major range Antiklinorium, chief Caucasian range, crumple setup, Georgian Belt, Achara-Trialeti setup, Artvin-Bolnisi Belt and Loc-Karabag's crumpled region.

Georgia is corresponded by lofty, middle and low mountain flat terrain plain unison The Caucasus are replicated stridently inter hill plain.

The region of the Georgia is attributed by an extremely different geography. The north of the nation is taken by the Greater Caucasus chain of which the highest point is  Mt. Shkhara at 5068 m, which take in the Great Caucasian Range the major cut-off point and Gagra, Bzipi, Kodori, Svaneti, Egrisi, Racha, Lomisi, Kartli and some other mountain ranges. The inter hill sink to the south of the Greater Caucasus take in the Kolkheti plains, Inner Kartli, Lower Kartli and the Alazani Plain. More to the south the Minor Caucasian Mountain ranges going up to the average altitude. Meskheti, Shavsheti and other ranges belongs to this section, attaining a height of 2850 m. The extreme south region of the nation is enclosed by the volcanic South Georgian high grounds with Mt. Didi Abuli, 3301 m being its top peak, cut apart by explicit river chasm similar to a canyon.The Greater Caucasus and the South Georgian high grounds connect with the Likhi mountain ranges, which all at once separates Georgia into two different climatic regions: Western and Eastern Georgia.

Georgia Rivers

The rivers of Georgia go to the deltas of the Black and Caspian delta tales in the Mtkvari river along with its several tributaries namely the Didi Liakhvi, the Aragvi, the Iori, the Alazani, the Paravani, the Algeti, and Khrami. The Black Sea Delta Rivers comprise of the Rioni, the Enguri, the Acharistskali, the Bzipi and some others rivers. There are not lots of ponds in Georgia, the major being the Lake Paravani of 37 sq. km, and Lake Paliastomi of 17,3 sq. km, and the deepest being Lake Ritsa of 116 m and Lake Amtkeli of 72-122 m

Georgia Glaciers

The glaciers are just on Caucuses range and are 688 in number. They take up an area of 508 sq. km which is 0.7% of country’s area. Expected snow streak ranges between 2800 to 3600 meter.

Georgia is affluent in the terms of underground water sources and there are lots of mineral and thermal water sources like Borjomi, Utsera, Dzau, Nabeglavi, Sairme, Zvare, Nunisi etc.

Georgia Soils

Spatial allocation of top soils in Georgia is distinguished by upright inconsistency.
On the Georgian land there are roughly all kinds of soils:

  • Red soil of the moist subtropic region of the west Georgia
  • Black soil of the east Georgian dales and barren region dales
  • Brown soils of the east Georgian transient forest dales
  • Mountain jungle soils
  • Mountain black soils
  • Mountain field soils
  • Alluvial soils
  • Moor soils
  • Salted soil

Kolkheti plains are covered to a large extent by swamp soils with an area summing up to 200600 ha which is actually 3.0% of the total region.

In Atchara and Guria lower hills at a height of 300 to 400 m from the sea level red earth is found with a region of 130400 ha. Which is approximately 1.9% of the nation’s land.

 In the regions of Imereti and Apkhazeti yellow earth soils are extended at 300 to 400 m above the sea level covering up the land of about 225 800 ha which is 3.2% of the nations’s land.

In Western and Eastern Georgia soil unevenness is found only under the altitude of 1000m. At high altitudes soil varieties are some what uniform. Simultaneously, the southern sections of the nation are marked by upright inconsistency.

Geography of Georgia at a Glance

Geographic Location

Southwestern Asia (Caucasus Range)
Longitude: 40 o to 47 o E
Latitude: 41 o to 44 o N

Georgia Area

69.700 km 2 (26,911 sq miles)
water: 0 sq km
land: 69,700 sq km

Goergia Altitude Extremes

Uppermost: Mt. Shkhara-5068.m
Lowermost: Black Sea 0 m

Georgia Mountains and their Heights above the Sea Level

Shkhara - 5068 m (16,627 feett)
Janga - 5059 m (16,597 ft)
Mkinvartsveri (Kazbek) - 5047 m (16,558 ft)
Shota Rustaveli - 4860 m (15,944 ft)
Tetnuldi - 4858 m (15,938 ft)
Ushba - 4700 m (15,419 ft)
Ailama - 4547 m (14,917 ft)

Georgia Rivers and Their Respective Lengths

Mtkvari (Kura in Russian) - 1364 km (847.5 miles)
Chorokhi - 438 km (272.1 miles)
Alazani - 351 km (218.1 miles)
Rioni - 327 km (203.1 miles)
Tori - 320 km (198.8 miles)
Enguri - 213 km (132.3 miles)

Georgia Lakes and Area Covered by them

Paravani - 37.5 sq.km (14.4 sq ml)
Kartsakhi - 26.3 sq.km (10.1 sq ml)
Paliastomi - 18.2 sq.km (7.0 sq ml)
Tabatskuri - 14.2 sq.km (5.4 sq ml)
Khanchali -13.3 sq.km (5.1 sq ml)
Jandari - 10.6 sq.km  (4.0 sq ml)

Geography of Georgia

Georgia Continent Europe
Georgia Subregion Southwest Asia
Georgia Geographic Coordinates 42°00′N 43°30′E
Georgia Area 69,875 km²
Georgia Coastline 310 km
Georgia Land Boundaries 1,461 km
Georgia Countries Bordered Armenia 164 km, Azerbaijan 322 km, Russia 723 km, Turkey 252 km
Georgia Maritime Claims 200 nmi (370.4 km; 230.2 mi)
Georgia Highest Point Mount Shkhara, 5,201 m
Georgia Lowest Point Black Sea, 0 m
Georgia Longest River Mtkvari, 1,364 km
Georgia Land Use
 - Arable land
 - Permanent
   crops
 - Permanent
   pastures
 - Forests and
   woodlands
 - Other

9%

4%

25%

34%
28% (1993 est.)
Georgia Climate: Temperate to Subtropical on Black Sea coast
Georgia Terrain: plains, mountains, valleys
Georgia Natural Resources forests, hydropower, manganese deposits, iron ore, copper, minor coal and petroleum deposits; coastal climate and soils.
Georgia Natural Hazards earthquakes
Georgia Environmental Issues air and water pollution, soil pollution from toxic chemicals

Georgia Geographic

Georgia Geographic Location:
Southwestern Asia (Caucasus)
Longitude: 40 o - 47 o E
Latitude: 41 o - 44 o N

Georgia Land Bordaries: 1970 km (1224 miles)
Land border: 1655 km (1028 miles)
Georgian section of the Black Sea coast line: 315 km (195 miles)
Armenia: 164 km
Azerbaijan: 322 km
Russia: 723 km
Turkey: 252 km

Georgia Area: 69.700 km 2 (26,911 sq miles)
water: 0 sq km
land: 69,700 sq km

Georgia Land Use:
arable land: 11.21%
permanent crops: 4.09%
other: 84.71% (1998 est.)

Georgia Irrigated Land: 4,700 sq km (1998 est.)

Georgia Highest Mountains

Shkhara - 5068 m (16,627 ft)
Janga - 5059 m (16,597 ft)
Mkinvartsveri (Kazbek) - 5047 m (16,558 ft)
Shota Rustaveli - 4860 m (15,944 ft)
Tetnuldi - 4858 m (15,938 ft)
Ushba - 4700 m (15,419 ft)
Ailama - 4547 m (14,917 ft)

Georgia Longest Rivers

Mtkvari (Kura in Russian) - 1364 km (847.5 miles)
Chorokhi - 438 km (272.1 miles)
Alazani - 351 km (218.1 miles)
Rioni - 327 km (203.1 miles)
Tori - 320 km (198.8 miles)
Enguri - 213 km (132.3 miles)

Georgia Largest Lakes

Paravani - 37.5 sq.km (14.4 sq ml)
Kartsakhi - 26.3 sq.km (10.1 sq ml)
Paliastomi - 18.2 sq.km (7.0 sq ml)
Tabatskuri - 14.2 sq.km (5.4 sq ml)
Khanchali -13.3 sq.km (5.1 sq ml)
Jandari - 10.6 sq.km  (4.0 sq ml)