Florida History

Florida History

Florida State Information

State of Florida
Florida State Official Language(s) English
Florida State Spoken Language(s) English and Spanish
Florida State Demonym Floridian
Florida State Capital Tallahassee
Florida State Largest City Jacksonville
Florida State Largest Metro Area South Florida metropolitan area
Florida State Area  Ranked 22nd in the US
 - Total 65,795 sq mi
(170,304 km2)
 - Width 361 miles (582 km)
 - Length 447 miles (721 km)
 - % water 17.9
 - Latitude 24°27′ N to 31° N
 - Longitude 80°02′ W to 87°38′ W
Florida State Population  Ranked 4th in the US
 - Total

18,537,969 (2009 est.)

15,982,378 (2000)

- Density 338.4/sq mi  (130.67/km2)
Ranked 8th in the US
 - Median income  $41,171 (36th)
Florida State Elevation  
 - Highest point Britton Hill
345 ft  (105 m)
 - Mean 98 ft  (30 m)
 - Lowest point Atlantic Ocean
0 ft  (0 m)
Florida State Before statehood Florida Territory
Florida State Admission to Union  March 3, 1845 (27th)
Florida State Governor Charlie Crist (I)
Florida State Lieutenant Governor Jeff Kottkamp (R)
Florida State Legislature Florida Legislature
 - Upper house Senate
 - Lower house House of Representatives
U.S. Senators Bill Nelson (D)
George LeMieux (R)
U.S. House delegation 15 Republicans, 10 Democrats
Florida State Time zones  
 - Peninsula and
"Big Bend" region
Eastern: UTC-5/DST-4
 - Panhandle Central: UTC-6/DST-5
Florida State Abbreviations FL Fla. US-FL
Florida State Website http://www.myflorida.com

Florida State Symbols

Florida State Symbols
Animate Insignia
Florida Bird(s) Mockingbird
Florida Butterfly Zebra Longwing
Florida Fish Florida largemouth bass, Atlantic sailfish
Florida Flower(s) Orange blossom
Florida Insect Zebra Longwing
Florida Mammal(s) Florida panther, Manatee, Bottle-nosed dolphin
Florida Reptile American Alligator
Florida Tree Sabal Palmetto
Inanimate Insignia
Florida Beverage Orange juice
Florida Food Key lime pie, Orange
Florida Fossil agatized Coral
Florida Gemstone Moonstone
Florida Rock agatized Coral
Florida Shell Horse conch
Florida Slogan(s) Visit Florida
Florida Soil Myakka
Florida Song(s) Old Folks at Home

Florida State History

History of Florida dates back to approximately 14000 years ago, when it began to be inhabited by the Native Americans. Juan Ponce de León, a Spanish explorer, was the first to arrive in Florida in 1513, and with the advent of Europeans the process of recording historical facts began. The French and Spanish settled in Florida in the 16th century with the Native Americans immigrating to Florida around the same time. Spain and Great Britain colonized Florida in 18th and 19th century respectively but in 1822 it became a territory of the United States. Eventually, Florida became the 27th state of United States of America on 3rd march, 1845.

Facts About Florida

  • 1st Spanish rule: Spanish Explorer, Ponce de León landed on the southwestern coast of Florida in 1521, accompanied by two-hundred people and numerous cattle and animals. His colonization attempt failed due to the attacks by Native American people. This was a significant event in the History of Florida. Ponce de León’s actions, nevertheless, served to classify Florida as an attractive place for explorers, missionaries, and treasure seekers throughout Europe.
  • British Rule: After the British captured Florida from Spain during the Seven Years’ War (1756–63) they gained control of Florida in 1763 in exchange for Havana and Cuba. The British had grand plans for Florida! They split the state into two parts: East Florida, with its capital at St. Augustine; and West Florida, with its capital at Pensacola. Britain’s attempt to draw white settlers by offering land to settle and help those who produced products for export failed as the British rule lasted only twenty years. However, they left a noteworthy mark on the History of the state of Florida.
  • During the War for American Independence (1776–83) the two parts of Florida were dedicated to Great Britain. However, Spain indirectly participated in the war as an ally of France and captured Pensacola from the British in 1781. In 1784 Spain regained control of Florida as a part of the peace treaty which ended the American Revolution.
  • Second Spanish Rule: Spanish existence was trivial during their second rule over Florida. Spain offered profitable land packages in Florida as a means to attract settlers from the United States. Florida became a haven for fugitive slaves and a base for Indian attacks. Andrew Jackson, a U.S. General, attacked Florida in 1818. This became a turning point in the History of Florida as Spain had to surrender Florida to the United States in 1821.
  • Another event of significant importance in the History of Florida took place on March 3, 1845 when Florida finally became the 27th state in the United States with Tallahassee as its capital. William D. Moseley was elected Florida’s first governor, with David Levy Yulee, becoming the first Senator from the state of Florida. Most Florida voters were white males, aged twenty-one years or older and were not opposed to slavery. But they were concerned about the growing feeling against it in the North, and in the 1860 presidential election, none of the Floridians voted for Abraham Lincoln.
  • On January 10, 1861 Florida seceded from the Union and joined the other southern states to become one of the founders of Confederate States of America. Florida was an important supply route for the Confederate Army due to its strategic location but on May 10, 1865 it was defeated and federal troops captured Tallahassee. Florida was readmitted to the United States on July 25, 1868 after meeting the necessities of Reconstruction, including ratifying amendments to the Constitution of United States of America.
  • Florida, because of its mild climate, became a major training center for soldiers and the sailors of the United States during the World War II. Highway and airport construction developed transportation network and this caused major economic development in Florida.
  • Due to its warm climate it is popularly known as the Sunshine State.

Eduction in Florida

State University System of Florida

  • Florida A&M University
  • Florida Atlantic University
  • Florida Gulf Coast University
  • Florida International University
  • Florida State University
  • New College of Florida
  • University of Florida
  • University of Central Florida
  • University of North Florida
  • University of South Florida
  • University of West Florida

Private Universities in Florida

  • Barry University
  • Beacon College
  • Bethune-Cookman University
  • Clearwater Christian College
  • Eckerd College
  • Edward Waters College
  • Embry-Riddle Aeronautical University
  • Flagler College
  • Florida College
  • Florida Hospital College of Health Science
  • Florida Institute of Technology
  • Florida Memorial University
  • Florida Southern College
  • Hodges University
  • Jacksonville University
  • Lynn University
  • Nova Southeastern University
  • Palm Beach Atlantic University
  • Ringling College of Art and Design
  • Rollins College
  • Saint Leo University
  • Saint Thomas University
  • Southeastern University
  • Stetson University
  • University of Miami
  • University of Tampa
  • Warner University
  • Webber International University
  • Ave Maria University
  • Baptist College of Florida
  • Carlos Albizu University
  • Digital Media Arts College
  • Everest University
  • Everglades University
  • Florida Christian College
  • Fort Lauderdale Institute of Art
  • Full Sail University
  • Hobe Sound College
  • Johnson and Wales University
  • Jones College
  • Miami International University
  • Northwood University
  • Orlando Culinary Academy
  • Pensacola Christian College
  • Rasmussen College
  • Saint John's College
  • Schiller International University
  • Trinity College

Florida College System

  • Brevard Community College
  • Broward College
  • Chipola College
  • College of Central Florida
  • Daytona State College
  • Edison State College
  • Florida Keys Community College
  • Florida State College at Jacksonville
  • Gulf Coast Community College
  • Hillsborough Community College
  • Indian River State College
  • Lake City Community College
  • Lake-Sumter Community College
  • Miami Dade College
  • North Florida Community College
  • Northwest Florida State College
  • Palm Beach State College
  • Pasco-Hernando Community College
  • Pensacola State College
  • Polk State College
  • Santa Fe College
  • Seminole State College of Florida
  • South Florida Community College
  • St. Johns River Community College
  • St. Petersburg College
  • State College of Florida, Manatee-Sarasota
  • Tallahassee Community College
  • Valencia Community College

Public Colleges and Universities

State University System of Florida

  • Florida A&M University
  • Florida Atlantic University
  • Florida Gulf Coast University
  • Florida International University
  • Florida State University
  • New College of Florida
  • University of Central Florida
  • University of North Florida
  • University of Florida
  • University of South Florida
  • University of West Florida

Florida Sports

Club League Venue Championships
Miami Dolphins National Football League Sun Life Stadium (Miami) 2 (1972, 1973)
Miami Heat National Basketball Association American Airlines Arena (Miami) 1 (2006)
Florida Marlins Major League Baseball Sun Life Stadium (Miami) 2 (1997, 2003)
Florida Panthers National Hockey League BankAtlantic Center (Sunrise) 0
Tampa Bay Buccaneers National Football League Raymond James Stadium (Tampa) 1 (2003)
Tampa Bay Rays Major League Baseball Tropicana Field (St. Petersburg) 0
Tampa Bay Lightning National Hockey League St. Pete Times Forum (Tampa) 1 (2004)
Orlando Magic National Basketball Association Amway Center (Orlando) 0
Jacksonville Jaguars National Football League Jacksonville Municipal Stadium 0

Florida Professional Sports

Major Sports Teams

Club Sport League Venue Championships (Years)
Florida Marlins Baseball MLB Sun Life Stadium 2 (1997, 2003)
Tampa Bay Rays Baseball MLB Tropicana Field 0
Miami Heat Basketball NBA American Airlines Arena 1 (2006)
Orlando Magic Basketball NBA Amway Arena 0
Jacksonville Jaguars Football NFL Jacksonville Municipal Stadium 0
Miami Dolphins Football NFL Sun Life Stadium 2 (1972, 1973)
Tampa Bay Buccaneers Football NFL Raymond James Stadium 1 (2002)
Florida Panthers Ice hockey NHL BankAtlantic Center 0
Tampa Bay Lightning Ice hockey NHL St. Pete Times Forum 1 (2004)
Jacksonville Sharks Arena football AFL Jacksonville Veterans Memorial Arena 0
Orlando Predators Arena football AFL Amway Arena 2 (1998, 2002)
Tampa Bay Storm Arena football AFL St. Pete Times Forum 5 (1991, 1993, 1995, 1996, 2003)

Minor Sports Teams

Club Sport League Venue Championships (Years)
Jacksonville Suns Baseball MiLB, Southern League (AA) Baseball Grounds of Jacksonville 5 (1968, 1996, 2001, 2005, 2009)
Brevard County Manatees Baseball MiLB, Florida State League (A) Space Coast Stadium 1 (2000)
Clearwater Threshers Baseball MiLB, Florida State League Bright House Networks Field 1 (2007)
Daytona Cubs Baseball MiLB, Florida State League Jackie Robinson Ballpark 3 (1995, 2004, 2008)
Dunedin Blue Jays Baseball MiLB, Florida State League Knology Park 0
Fort Myers Miracle Baseball MiLB, Florida State League Hammond Stadium 5 (1969, 1970, 1971, 1972, 1978)
Jupiter Hammerheads Baseball MiLB, Florida State League Roger Dean Stadium 0
Lakeland Tigers Baseball MiLB, Florida State League Joker Marchant Stadium 3 (1976, 1977, 1992)
Palm Beach Cardinals Baseball MiLB, Florida State League Roger Dean Stadium 1 (2005)
Sarasota Reds Baseball MiLB, Florida State League Ed Smith Stadium 0
St. Lucie Mets Baseball MiLB, Florida State League Tradition Field 5 (1988, 1996, 1998, 2003, 2006)
Tampa Yankees Baseball MiLB, Florida State League Legends Field 3 (1994, 2001, 2004)
Charlotte Stone Crabs Baseball MiLB, Florida State League Holman Stadium 2 (1983, 1990)
Miami FC Soccer USL First Division Tropical Park Stadium 0
Bradenton Athletics Soccer W-League IMG Soccer Academy 0
Florida Everblades Ice hockey ECHL Germain Arena 0
Palm Beach Imperials Basketball ABA The Burrow 0
Gulf Coast Riptide Women's Football Women's Football Alliance Emmitt Smith Field 0

Florida Sister States

Sister Jurisdiction Country Year
Kyonggi South Korea 2000
Languedoc-Roussillon France 1989
Nueva Esparta Venezuela 1999
Taiwan Province Taiwan, R.O.C. 1992
Wakayama Prefecture Japan 1995
Western Cape South Africa 1995