Florida Geography

Florida Geography

Trivia About the State of Florida

Florida became the 27th state of United States of America on 3rd march, 1845.

Tallahassee is the capital city of the state while Jacksonville is the largest city. The Miami metropolitan area is the largest metropolitan area in Florida.

The state is positioned in the southeastern corner of United States of America and it is ranked 22nd in terms of size among the 50 states because of its area which is 65,758 square miles (170,306 km2).

Geography of Florida

Florida has a vast coastline which is approximately 1,200 miles.

 Due to its warm and breezy climate, the state is also popularly known as the Sunshine State. The geography of the state is very distinct and diverse from the rest of the regions in the United States of America.

Florida is positioned on a cape between the Gulf of Mexico, the Atlantic Ocean, and the Straits of Florida. It covers two time zones. Florida extends to the northwest, stretching along the north Gulf of Mexico. It is surrounded on the north by Georgia and by Alabama on the west. The Bahamas and Cuba are in close proximity to the Florida coast.

The land area of Florida covers approximately 54,153 square miles with the inland water of the state occupying 4,511 square miles. The state of Florida has an expansion of 361 miles on the east-west side and 447 miles on the north-south direction.

The geography of Florida makes it one of the biggest states to the east of the Mississippi River besides Alaska and Michigan which are the only other states with a large water area. Britton Hill, with a height of 345 feet (105 m) above sea level is the highest point in Florida. However, it is recognized as the lowest high point found in any of the U.S. states. Most of the southern side of Florida beyond Orlando is a low-lying area with an exception of Clearwater which is 50-100 feet above sea-level.

The geography of Florida in the Central and Northern parts includes gently sloping hills which rise up between 100 to 250 feet. The highest point in the state of Florida is the Sugarloaf Mountain, located in Lake County with a soaring height of 312feet (95m).

Florida falls in a tropical area and has a huge variety in its composition of flora and fauna. There are swamps, meadows, rivers, hills, forests and oceans with their bays, shoals, lagoons, and islands. This varied geography of Florida makes it the most attractive tourist destination for people from around the country and the world.

The climate of Florida is neither too hot, nor too cold. The northern areas of the state experience humid climatic conditions, while the coastal areas enjoy a tropical climate. The hottest temperature recorded yet, in Florida was 109 °F (43 °C) on June 29, 1931 in Monticello while the coldest temperature recorded was –2 °F (-19 °C), which was recorded on February 13, 1899, in Tallahassee.

The tropical climate of Florida is perhaps the reason why it was ranked 4th in terms of population, as of 2009. The pleasant climatic conditions have probably aided in enhancing the cultural composition of Florida which is very diverse. People of different cultural origins of German, Irish, English, Native American, Italian, French, Polish and Scottish lineage have settled here along with large communities of Cuban Americans and Black Americans.

Geography of Florida has a range of fauna due to its favorable tropical climate. Florida has numerous wildlife reserves which are abodes to reptiles, mammals, exotic birds and marine mammals. The Everglades National Park in Southern Florida, the Big Cypress National Preserve which is situated next to Lake Okeechobee, the Timucuan Ecological and Historic Preserve in Jacksonville are some of the famous reserves in Florida.

Florida is not located in close proximity to any tectonic plate and so earthquakes are very rare. The last earthquake ever recorded in the state occurred on January, 1879 near St. Augustine.

Florida Geography Facts

Florida Capital: Tallahassee
Florida Abbreviations: FL (postal), Fla.
Florida Area: 59,928 square miles
Florida State Bird: Mockingbird
Florida State Tree: Sabal Palm
Florida State Flower: Orange Blossom
Florida State Motto: In God We Trust
Florida Nicknames: The Sunshine State, The Everglade State, The Peninsula State, The Orange State

Atlantic Coast

Florida Major Coastal Rivers

  • Halifax River
    • Tomoka River
    • Spruce Creek
  • Indian River
    • Crane Creek
    • Eau Gallie River
      • Elbow Creek
    • Turkey Creek
  • St. Marys River
    • Amelia River
      • Bells River
  • St. Johns River
    • Alexander Springs Creek
    • Arlington River
    • Black Creek
    • Broward River
    • Doctors Lake
    • Dunns Creek
    • Econlockhatchee River
      • Little Econlockhatchee River
    • Julington Creek
    • Lake Jessup
    • Ocklawaha River
    • Ortega River
      • Cedar River
    • Pablo Creek
    • Salt Springs River
    • Sisters Creek
    • Trout River
      • Rice Creek
      • Ribault River
      • Little Trout River
    • Wekiva River
      • Little Wekiva River

Florida Minor Coastal Rivers

  • Fort George River
  • Loxahatchee River
  • Miami River
  • Nassau River
    • South Amelia River
    • Thomas Creek
  • New River (Broward County)
  • Oleta River
  • St. Lucie River

Florida Lake Okeechobee

  • Kissimmee River
    • Istokpoga Creek
    • ends in Lake Hatchineha
      • Dead River
        • Reedy Creek
          • Bonnet Creek
            • Cypress Creek
          • Whittenhorse Creek
      • Lake Marion Creek
        • Snell Creek

Florida Gulf Coast

Florida Major Rivers

  • Alafia River
  • Apalachicola River
    • Chattahoochee River
    • Chipola River
  • Aucilla River
    • Wacissa River
  • Blackwater River
  • Braden River
  • Caloosahatchee River
  • Choctawhatchee River
  • Econfina River
  • Econfina Creek
  • Escambia River
  • Fenholloway River
  • Hillsborough River
  • Little Manatee River
  • Little Withlacoochee River
  • Manatee River
  • Myakka River
    • Myakkahatchee Creek
  • New River in Franklin County
  • Ochlockonee River
    • Little River
    • Sopchoppy River
  • Peace River
  • Perdido River
  • Shoal River
  • St. Marks River
    • East River
    • Wakulla River
  • Steinhatchee River
  • Suwannee River
    • Alapaha River
    • Santa Fe River
      • Ichetucknee River
      • New River
    • Withlacoochee River (North Florida)
  • Yellow River
  • Wacissa River
  • Withlacoochee River (Central Florida)

Florida Minor Coastal Rivers

  • Anclote River
  • Braden River
  • Coldwater River
  • Crystal River
  • Deep Creek
  • East Bay River
  • Homosassa River
  • Juniper Creek
  • Little Withlacoochee River
  • New River in Collier County
  • New River in Pasco County
  • Palm River
  • Pinhook River
  • Pithlachascotee River
  • Sepulgia Creek
  • Shark River
  • Sweetwater Creek
  • Telogia Creek
  • Waccasassa River
  • Weeki Wachee River