Located in North Africa, Egypt is officially called the Arab Republic of Egypt. Also known as the gift of Nile, Egypt is encircled by Mediterranean Sea to the north, Gaza Strip and Israel to the northeast, Sudan to the south, Libya to the west and Red Sea to the east. Egypt lies between the latitudes 22 and 32 degree north; 24 and 36 degree longitudes.
Egypt is the world’s thirtieth largest country with 1,002,450 sq km. Egypt houses approximately 87 million people according to the 2014 estimates. Popularly recognized as the land of pharaohs and pyramids, Egypt is a place of interest to historians, archeologists, adventurers and travelers. Egypt is renowned as the world's first nation states arising in the tenth millennium BCE and has a long history that of any country. The capital of Egypt is Cairo, Nile river passes through the Egypt and makes the coastal more fertile for agriculture with black soil. The Egyptian railway has been spread to 5000 km in range and cover major cities while carrying it across Nile.
Islam remains a ruling religion in Egypt with some percentage of Christians as well. The official language is Modern Standard Arabic while Egyptian Arabic, Eastern Egyptian Bedawi Arabic and others are spoken by locals of Egypt. Additionally, Greek, Armenian and Italian are the languages of immigrants.
The Culture in Egypt was different and dependent on the ruling dynasty. The people of Egypt followed Egyptian culture till the ruling of Cleopatra VII, who brought Greek culture to Egypt, then followed Greek culture until the invasion of Islam in Egypt. Egypt is acknowledged as a cultural trend-setter of the Arabs which is drawn heavily from the Egyptian literature, music, film and television. Egypt acquired a regional leadership during 1950s and 1960s which furthered the Egyptian Culture in the Arab world.
The climate of Egypt varies according to its places. The rainfall in Cairo is only around 2 to 5 mm per year. Average temperature is in between 27 degree Celsius to 32 degree Celsius in summer and 17 degree to 21 degree Celsius in winters. The coastal area of North Cairo, rainfall exceeds to 16.1 inches in the months of October to March.
The flora of tropical lands is papyrus, but Egypt has date palm and citrus grove forests. Eucalyptus and Cypress also has been introduced. The palm trees can be used as shades as there are no trees in the hot and dry desserts.
Sheep, goats, camels and donkeys are found throughout Egypt’s desserts. Egypt has 300 types of birds and a few wild animals such as hyena, jackal, lynx, mongoose and wild boar.
|Egypt Climate Map|
|Egypt Political Map|
|Egypt Outline Map|
|Egypt Railways Map|