Delaware is a state located on the east coast of the United States. It lies on the Delmarva Peninsula, thus, it has water on all the three sides. The presence on the Atlantic Ocean and the Delaware Bay affects the climate and weather of Delaware to a large extent.
As mentioned earlier, the state lies next to the Atlantic Ocean. Changes in the ocean lead to changes in the climate. The state is a transitional zone between a humid subtropical climate and a continental climate. Despite its small size, there is a variation in the climate across the state. Southern Delaware experiences a milder climate compared to the northern areas.
Summer in Delaware is hot and humid. Most of the summer months are warm and temperate. The Sussex and Kent counties fall in the humid subtropical zone and thus, experience immense humidity and heat during summers. A wide variety of flora is observed in the state due to such favorable climatic conditions.
In Sussex County, Bald Cypress grows in the northernmost stand of such trees.
In Delaware, the months from May to September experience summer. On an average, the warmest month in Delaware is July. Average summer temperatures recorded in Delaware is 30°C. The highest summer temperature recorded in Delaware was 42°C in 1918.
Like other American states, Delaware experiences precipitation throughout the year. On an average, July receives the maximum rainfall. On an average, a rainfall of 108.9 mm is recorded in Delaware. During thesummer months, Delaware receives maximum precipitation in the form of rainfall. It is reported to be the 16th wettest state in the United States of America.
The Wilmington reservoir in Delaware is the wettest location since it receives maximum rainfall throughout the year. The driest location in Delaware is Middletown and North Delaware since they receive comparatively less rainfall.
On an average, Delaware receives thunderstorms for 28 days. Also, on an average Delaware receives hailstorms once throughout the whole season.
Winters in Delaware are milder and windier compared to the summers. The months from October to March experience a drop in the temperature in Delaware. The coldest months are December, January and February. Average winter temperature of Delaware is 2°C. Coldest temperature recorded in Delaware is -26°C. Delaware is the coldest during Christmas.
Highest snowfall was recorded in Wilmington, Northern Delaware. Average annual snowfall in Delaware is 21.4cms. If it is not snowing in Delaware, the climate is pleasant and windy. Then the averagetemperature is 12-13° C.
Accumulation of snow during winter is a common problem faced by maximum people of Delaware.
The state of Delaware has a subtropical climate due to the presence of Atlantic Ocean and the Delaware Bay. The currents in the Atlantic Ocean in turn affect the weather in the state especially in the cities on the coastal areas like Ocean City, Long Neck and Lewes.
The wind conditions also affect the Delaware weather. The winds blowing over the Atlantic Ocean and thus, the state of Delaware, make the climate during winters more breezy and pleasant. During summers, this results in humidity. Theprecipitation is also on the higher side due to the winds.
The climate of Delaware is a little different compared to the states surrounding it. West Virginia and Pennsylvania have a different climate since they do not have any coastal regions. On the other hand, Virginia and New Jersey have a similar climate like Delaware. They too experience subtropical climates.
Like maximum American states, Delaware is also subjected to storms, hurricanes and tornadoes. Hurricane is common and has been a regular occurrence in the last few decades in Delaware. Only two storms since 1851 have caused hurricane like force winds in the state.
In south New Jersey, there was a Vagabond Hurricane which affected Delaware.
Tropical storm Carrie passed Delaware in1975 and it caused rainfall in maximum places in the state.
Recently, Hurricane Jeanne made maximum impact to the north of Delaware affecting the counties of New Castle. It damaged the New Castle airport. This occurred in September 2004. In 2006, tropical storm Ernesto affected the state causing damage to many cities. Many trees were uprooted and many electric poles were uprooted. While these are few of the hurricanes that affected the state there are many more which also caused damage.