Dead Sea

The Dead Sea is also known as the Sea of Salt. It lies between the borders of Jordan, the West Bank and Israel. The Dead Sea is famous the world-over for many of its unique properties and has been visited by kings, queens and dignitaries from across the world, Queen Cleopatra included. 

The Dead Sea is the lowest place on Earth, 410 meters below sea level. It is 55 kilometers long, 18 kilometers wide at its widest point and 3 kilometers wide at its narrowest. The southern bay of the Dead Sea is very shallow and only 13 feet deep but the northern part is very deep, almost 1320 feet.

The Jordan River pours into the Dead Sea.

Because of the high temperatures and low humidity, the rate of evaporation in the Dead Sea is very high. This makes it a very salty sea, saltier than any other sea in the world.

Dead Sea Information

Coordinates 31°20′N 35°30′E
Lake Type endorheic
hypersaline
Primary Inflows Jordan River
Primary Outflows none
Catchment Area 41,650 km2 (16,080 sq mi)
Basin Countries Jordan
Israel
West Bank
Max. Length 67 km (42 mi)
Max. Width 18 km (11 mi)
Surface Area 810 km2 (310 sq mi)
North Basin
Average Depth 118 m (387 ft)
Max. Depth 377 m (1,237 ft)
Water Volume 147 km3 (35 cu mi)
Shore Length1 135 km (84 mi)
Surface Elevation −423 m (−1,388 ft)

Floating in the Dead Sea

The Dead Sea is the only water body in the world where you can’t sink and it’s still called the Dead Sea. Ironic isn’t it? The Dead Sea has 31.5% salt, making it the most buoyant water body in the world.

Minerals in the Dead Sea

The Dead Sea water is not only the most saline water in the world. High levels of potassium, sodium, bromine and 18 other minerals are found in the waters of the Dead Sea. Strangely, 12 of these 21 minerals are not found in water bodies anywhere in the world. These minerals are extracted and exported across the world for use in medicine, agriculture and industry.

Sun Bathing in the Dead Sea

People go to the Dead Sea to not only float in its waters (you can actually lie down on your back and read a book) but also acquire a tan. The atmospheric filters over the Dead Sea make it easier to get a tan, and the chances of getting sun-burnt are practically nil.

Beauty From the Dead Sea

The minerals that are extracted from the Dead Sea are used in making cosmetic and beauty products. The Dead Sea mud, which is black in color and found in its shoreline is rich in minerals and sulphide components. It is said to have therapeutic properties and is considered to improve blood circulation, ease arthritic discomfort, revitalize skin and heal allergies.

Dead Sea Weather

Climate Data for Dead Sea
Month Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Year
Average High °C (°F) 20.5
(68.9)
21.7
(71.1)
24.8
(76.6)
29.9
(85.8)
34.1
(93.4)
37.6
(99.7)
39.7
(103.5)
39.0
(102.2)
36.5
(97.7)
32.4
(90.3)
26.9
(80.4)
21.7
(71.1)
30.4
(86.7)
Average Low °C (°F) 12.7
(54.9)
13.7
(56.7)
16.7
(62.1)
20.9
(69.6)
24.7
(76.5)
27.6
(81.7)
29.6
(85.3)
29.9
(85.8)
28.3
(82.9)
24.7
(76.5)
19.3
(66.7)
14.1
(57.4)
21.9
(71.4)
Precipitation mm (inches) 7.8
(0.30)
9.0
(0.35)
7.6
(0.29)
4.3
(0.16)
0.2
(0.008)
0.0
(0)
0.0
(0)
0.0
(0)
0.0
(0)
1.2
(0.04)
3.5
(0.13)
8.3
(0.32)
41.9
(1.65)
Avg. Prec days 3.3 3.5 2.5 1.3 0.2 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.4 1.6 2.8 15.6