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Damascus Old City

Damascus is the capital of Syria. It is said that it is the oldest city in the world. It has beautiful mountains which added the beauty of this city. The Barada River flows through this city. The main attraction in this city is Umayyad mosque which was built around 700 AD.After the First World War, Ottoman Empire was ended and French took up their place. Then it got But after the independence also this city was not able to control its stability as a result of which it has to face many wars among the neighbor countries. In 1958 it has joined hands with Egypt to strengthen itself, but it couldn’t continue for long.

Things to Do in Damascus Old City

ShoppingDamascus is amazing place where you can shop anything. There are jewellery shops, clothes shop with large variety of clothes. The only thing you should know is bargaining.

Damascus Information

Damascus Coordinates: 33°30′47″N 36°17′31″E
Country Syria
Governorates Damascus Governorate, Capital City
Damascus Government
 - Governor Bishr Al Sabban
Damascus Area
 - City 105 km2 (40.5 sq mi)
 - Urban 77 km2 (29.7 sq mi)
Elevation 680 m (2,231 ft)
Damascus Population (2009 est.[1])
 - City 1,711,000
Time Zone EET (UTC+2)
 - Summer (DST) EEST (UTC+3)
Area Code(s) Country code: 963, City code: 11
Demonym Damascene

Weather of Damascus Old City

Because of varied geographical feathers this city enjoyed different types of weather. In the day time, its temperature rises up to 50 degrees and in night it falls down to 20-30 degrees.

Month Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Year
Record High °C (°F) 21
(70)
30
(86)
28
(82)
35
(95)
38
(100)
39
(102)
42
(108)
45
(113)
39
(102)
34
(93)
30
(86)
21
(70)
45
(113)
Average High °C (°F) 12
(54)
14
(57)
18
(64)
24
(75)
29
(84)
33
(91)
36
(97)
37
(99)
33
(91)
27
(81)
19
(66)
13
(55)
24.6
(76.3)
Average Low °C (°F) 2
(36)
4
(39)
6
(43)
9
(48)
13
(55)
16
(61)
18
(64)
18
(64)
16
(61)
12
(54)
8
(46)
4
(39)
10.5
(50.9)
Record Low °C (°F) -6
(21)
-5
(23)
-2
(28)
-1
(30)
7
(45)
9
(48)
13
(55)
13
(55)
10
(50)
6
(43)
-2
(28)
-5
(23)
-6
(21)
Precipitation mm (inches) 43
(1.69)
43
(1.69)
8
(0.31)
13
(0.51)
3
(0.12)
0
(0)
0
(0)
0
(0)
18
(0.71)
10
(0.39)
41
(1.61)
41
(1.61)
220
(8.66)

Places to Visit in Damascus Old City

Umayyad Mosque

It is the most beautiful mosque in Syria. Its marvel and mosaic work is magnificent. It is the holy place after Mecca, Medina and the Dome of the Rock. It is said that it is a holy place for about 3,000 years. In the early century Roman visited this place and built temple. Later, this temple was transformed into Christian sacred place. Then this temple was destroyed and they built a church on this place and they dedicated it to John the Baptist. In 636, Muslim and Christian both performed their prayer under this building. Between 706 and 715, Umayyad caliph Al-Walid demolished and converted this building into mosque. Now this mosque has a huge prayer hall, rooms and courtyard. Inside the mosque, there is the shrine of John the Baptist. The roof of this mosque is made up of wood. It is the main attraction for tourist to visit this place. It is beautiful architect and provides calmness and peace to visitors.

The great Mosque of Aleppo: This mosque is also beautiful. The significance of this mosque is that it has the shrine of the father of John the Baptist, Zechariah.
Churches: This city has many famous churches like cathedral of Damascus, Virgin Mary's cathedral, house of Saint Ananias and the chapel of Saint Paul.
Walls and gates: The importance of this old city can be seen through the gates and walls like Bab al-salam and Bab kisan which are famous and beautiful architect in the city.
Museum: There are museum like national museum, Al-Salheih, historical museum, Al-Takeih al-Suleimaniyeh which attracts the tourists in this city.

Facts on Damascus Old City & Umayyad:

 The main fact of this city is that you will find Christians and Jewish people in minority along with the Muslims in this city. Also there being a hall in Umayyad mosque where Christians came for worshipping. Thus this mosque is the place for two religions to worship.

Climate of Damascus

Damascus has a very normal type of climate with summers hot and less humid and winters mild with snow and fog. Rain is the prime element in this city as it gets rainfall in most of the months.

The Walls and Gates of Damascus

  • Bab al-Saghir (The Small Gate)
  • Bab al-Faradis ("the gate of the orchards", or "of the paradise")
  • Bab al-Salam ("the gate of peace")
  • Bab Tuma ("Touma" or "Thomas's Gate")
  • Bab Sharqi ("eastern gate")
  • Bab Kisan
  • Bab al-Jabiya

Churches in the Damascus Old City

  • Chapel of Saint Paul
  • House of Saint Ananias
  • Mariamite Cathedral of Damascus
  • The Roman Catholic Cathedral in Zaitoon (Olive) Alley
  • Saint Johnn the Damascene Church
  • Saint Paul's Laura
  • Saint George's Syriac Orthodox Church

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