Colorado History

Colorado State


Colorado State Information

Colorado State Information
Colorado Official Language(s) English
(Spanish previously)
(German previously)
Colorado Demonym Coloradan
Colorado Capital Denver
Colorado Largest City Denver
Colorado Largest Metro Area Denver-Aurora-Broomfield MSA
Colorado Area  Ranked 8th in the US
 - Total 104,185 sq mi
(269,837 km2)
 - Width 380 miles (612 km)
 - Length 280 miles (451 km)
 - % water 0.36%
 - Latitude 37°N to 41°N
 - Longitude 102°03'W to 109°03'W
Colorado Population  Ranked 22nd in the US
 - Total 5,024,748 (2009 estimate)
4,301,261 (2000 Census)
- Density 41.5/sq mi  (16.01/km2)
Ranked 37th in the US
 - Median income  $51,022 (10th)
Colorado Elevation  
 - Highest point Mount Elbert
14,440 ft  (4401.2 m)
 - Mean 6,800 ft  (2073 m)
 - Lowest point Arikaree River
3,317 ft  (1011 m)
Colorado Before Statehood Colorado Territory
Colorado Admission to Union  August 1, 1876 (38th State)
Colorado Governor Bill Ritter (D)
Colorado Lieutenant Governor Barbara O'Brien (D)
Colorado Legislature General Assembly
 - Upper house Senate
 - Lower house House of Representatives
U.S. Senators 2 – Mark Udall (D)
3 – Michael Bennet (D)
U.S. House delegation 5 Democrats, 2 Republicans (list)
Colorado Time zone MST=UTC-07, MDT=UTC-06
Colorado Abbreviations CO Colo. US-CO
Colorado Website

Colorado State History

Colorado is a part of the Mountain States, the Western and the Southwestern U.S. It covers the Southern Rock-strewn Alps, northeastern Colorado Plateau and the western edge of the Great Plains in the US. It is surrounded by bon the west. It is one of the three U.S. states without natural borders, the others being Wyoming and Utah. It was added to the Union in 1876 as the 38th state and is thus nicknamed as “Centennial state”; 1876 being the year of US declaration of Independence.

History of Colorado

The existent region that is known to be the state of Colorado has been populated by Native Americans for more than 13 millennia. Articles dating from 11200 BCE to 3000 BCE have been found at The Lindenmeier Site in Larimer County. The early Pueblo People used to live in valleys and cliffs of the Colorado Plateau and the migration route used by them was to the eastern side of Rocky Mountains.

The eastern side of the Rocky Mountains was acquired by the a provincial claim with the acquisition of Louisiana from France in 1803 which had a conflict with Spain’s claim to a giant state adjoining its colony Santa Fé de Nuevo Méjico. The US gave up its claim of all the land that was around the Arkansas River as a part of Florida’s purchase from Spain under the treaty of Adams-Onís in 1819 that took effect on February 22, 1821. After setting its border with Spain, U.S. added the region of southeast Missouri to the Union as the State of Missouri on August 10, 1821.After 11 years of war, Mexico was finally recognized as an independent state under the Treaty of Cordoba signed by Spain on 24th August 1821. The treaty of Adams-Onís was also approved by Mexico in 1831, but later on because of Texan Revolt in 1835-36 a dispute arose between the U.S. and Mexico which finally led to the Mexican-American War in 1846. At the end of the war in 1848, Mexico finally gave up its northern territory to the signing the Treaty of Guadalupe Hidalgo.

The territory of the State of Deseret was created by the Mormons of Salt Lake Valley in 1849 by a claim on the entire Great Basin and all lands covered by the Green, Grand and Colorado Rivers. But, the central administration of the U.S. refused to be acquainted with the new Mormon administration, as it allowed many marriages. The Mexican region and northwestern Texas were divided to form a new state of California and two territories of New Mexico and Utah after the negotiations of 1850.

In 1854, the region of the Continental Divide was divided into two regions of Kansas and Nebraska and another southern region was known as Indian Territory. When Abraham Lincoln was elected as the U.S President on 6th November 1860, the nine southern slave states revolted and a situation of civil war arose among them. Looking for an increase in the power of the Union, the Republican Party added the east Kansas in the Union as a Free State in 1861, leaving the rest of the territory as unorganized territory.

On February 28, 1861, the leaving President James Buchanan signed an Act of Congress and organized the Territory of Colorado. The actual borders of Colorado remain unchanged these days. The name Colorado was given as it was a belief that the Colorado River originated here only.

On April 12, 1861, South Carolina artillery declared civil war. In 1862, a force of Texas went on to invade New Mexico to grab the gold fields of Colorado, California and ports of the Pacific Ocean for the Union. To block the Texans, a force of Colorado was organized hurriedly and was sent to march from Denver City, Colorado to Glorieta Pass, New Mexico. On March 28, the Texans were defeated by the Coloradans and New Mexico volunteers and were forced to move back to Santa Fe.

In 1864, the territorial superintendent John Evans appointed Parson John Chivington as Colonel of the Colorado Volunteers ordering the protection of white settlers from Cheyenne and Arapaho warriors accused of stealing cattle. Later on, the U.S. Congress passed an act on March 3, 1875, stating the necessities for the Territory of Colorado to become a state. On August 2, 1876 U.S. President Ulysses S. Grant signed a declaration admitting Colorado to the Union as the 38th state and earning it the name "Centennial State".

Colorado Education

Colorado Schools and Colleges List

Colorado College / School Name Colorado College / School Name
Adams State College Aims Community College
Arapahoe Community College Art Institute of Colorado
Colorado Christian University Colorado College
Colorado Community Colleges Online Colorado Mountain College
Colorado Northwestern Community College Colorado School of Mines
Colorado State University System Colorado State University
Colorado State University-Pueblo Colorado Technical University
Community College of Aurora Community College of Denver
Denver Seminary DeVry University
Fort Lewis College Front Range Community College
Heritage College & Heritage Institute Iliff School of Theology
Johnson & Wales University Jones International University
Lamar Community College Lincoln College Of Technology
Mesa State College Metropolitan State College of Denver
Morgan Community College Naropa University
National Technological University Nazarene Bible College
Northeastern Junior College Otero Junior College
Pikes Peak Community College Pueblo Community College
Red Rocks Community College Redstone College
Regis University Rocky Mountain College of Art and Design
Rocky Vista University College of Osteopathic Medicine Trinidad State Junior College
United States Air Force Academy University of Colorado System
University of Colorado at Boulder University of Colorado at Colorado Springs
University of Colorado Denver University of Denver
Graduate School of Social Work Graduate School of Social Work Doctoral Program
University of Northern Colorado Western State College

Colorado Commission on Higher Education

Institution Location Governance Fall 2008 Enrollment Head count 2008 Full-time equivalent students Full Time Residency Percentage
Adams State College Alamosa Dr. David Svaldi, President 2338 1919 87
Colorado School of Mines Golden Bill Scoggins, President 4704 4325 69
Colorado State University Fort Collins, Colorado Dr. Tony Frank, President 25496 22312 82
Colorado State University–Pueblo Pueblo, Colorado Joseph Garcia, President 4633 3806 94
Fort Lewis College Durango, Colorado Dr. Brad Bartel, President 3740 3530 72
Mesa State College Grand Junction, Colorado Tim Foster, President 6205 5058 91
Metropolitan State College of Denver Denver Dr. Stephen Jordan, President 21469 16165 97
University of Colorado at Boulder Boulder, Colorado Bruce Benson, System President; Philip P. DiStefano, Chancellor 30623 26815 67
University of Colorado at Colorado Springs Colorado Springs, Colorado Pam Shockley‐Zalabak, Chancellor 8010 6606 92
University of Colorado Denver Denver and Aurora Bruce Benson, System President; M. Roy Wilson, President 16283 13217 90
University of Northern Colorado Greeley, Colorado Kay Norton, President 11130 9691 88
Western State College of Colorado Gunnison, Colorado Dr. Jay Helman, President 2110 1875 97
Colorado Community College System   Dr. Nancy McCallin, President 71825 48004 33
Aims Community College Greeley, Colorado, Loveland, Colorado, Fort Lupton, Colorado Marsi Liddell, President 4840 3150 37
Colorado Mountain College Glenwood Springs, Colorado Stan Jensen, President 5092 2766 24

Colorado Federal Institutions

Colorado Four-Year Institutions

  • United States Air Force Academy, Colorado Springs

Colorado State Institutions

Colorado Two-Year Institutions

  • Colorado Mountain College
    • Alpine Campus, Steamboat Springs
    • Aspen Campus, Aspen
    • Rifle Campus, Rifle
    • Roaring Fork Campus, Carbondale and Glenwood Springs
    • Summit Campus, Breckenridge and Dillon
    • Timberline Campus, Buena Vista and Leadville
    • Vail-Eagle Valley Campus, Eagle and Edwards
  • Colorado Northwestern Community College
    • Craig Campus, Craig
    • Rangely Campus, Rangely
  • Lamar Community College
  • Trinidad State Junior College
    • Trinidad Campus, Trinidad
    • Alamosa Campus, Alamosa

Colorado Four-Year Institutions

  • Adams State College, Alamosa
  • Colorado School of Mines, Golden
  • Colorado State University System
    • Colorado State University, Fort Collins (main campus)
    • Colorado State University-Pueblo, Pueblo
  • Fort Lewis College, Durango (liberal arts college)
  • Mesa State College, Grand Junction
  • Metropolitan State College of Denver, Denver
  • University of Colorado System
    • University of Colorado at Boulder, Boulder (main campus)
    • University of Colorado at Colorado Springs, Colorado Springs
    • University of Colorado at Denver, Denver and Aurora
  • University of Northern Colorado, Greeley
  • Western State College of Colorado, Gunnison

Colorado Private Institutions

Colorado Two-Year Institutions

  • Nazarene Bible College, Colorado Springs
  • Westwood College of Technology, Denver
  • Webster University

Colorado Four-Year Institutions

  • CollegeAmerica
    • Arizona Campuses - Flagstaff, Phoenix
    • Colorado Campuses - Colorado Springs, Denver Fort Collins
    • Wyoming Campus - Cheyenne
  • Colorado Christian University, Lakewood
  • Colorado College, Colorado Springs (liberal arts college)
  • Colorado Heights University, Denver
  • Colorado Technical University
    • Colorado Springs
    • Greenwood Village
  • DeVry University
    • Colorado Springs
    • Denver
    • Westminster
  • Johnson & Wales University, Denver
  • Jones International University, Centennial
  • Naropa University, Boulder
  • Regis University, Denver
  • Remington College
    • Colorado Springs
    • Denver
  • Rocky Mountain College of Art and Design, Denver
  • Rocky Vista University College of Osteopathic Medicine
  • University of Denver, Denver
  • University of Phoenix
    • Aurora
    • Colorado Springs
    • Fort Collins
    • Greenwood Village
    • Lone Tree
    • Northglenn
    • Pueblo
    • Westminster

Colorado Military Installations

  • Buckley Air Force Base
  • Fort Carson
    • Piñon Canyon Maneuver Site
  • Peterson Air Force Base
    • Cheyenne Mountain Directorate
  • Pueblo Chemical Depot
  • Schriever Air Force Base
  • United States Air Force Academy

Colorado Protected Areas

  • Arapaho National Recreation Area
  • Bent's Old Fort National Historic Site
  • Black Canyon of the Gunnison National Park
  • Canyons of the Ancients National Monument
  • Colorado National Monument
  • Continental Divide National Scenic Trail
  • Curecanti National Recreation Area
  • Dinosaur National Monument
  • Florissant Fossil Beds National Monument
  • Great Sand Dunes National Park and Preserve
  • Hovenweep National Monument
  • Mesa Verde National Park and UNESCO World Heritage Site
  • Old Spanish National Historic Trail
  • Pony Express National Historic Trail
  • Rocky Mountain National Park
  • Sand Creek Massacre National Historic Site
  • Santa Fe National Historic Trail
  • Yucca House National Monument

Colorado Sports

Colorado Professional Sports Teams

Club Home First Sport League
Denver Broncos Denver September 9, 1960 Football National Football League
Denver Nuggets Denver September 27, 1967 Basketball National Basketball Association
Colorado Springs Sky Sox Colorado Springs June 18, 1988 Baseball Minor League Baseball (AAA)
Colorado Rockies Denver April 5, 1993 Baseball Major League Baseball
Colorado Avalanche Denver October 6, 1995 Ice hockey National Hockey League
Colorado Rapids Commerce City April 13, 1996 Soccer Major League Soccer
Colorado Mammoth Denver January 3, 2003 Lacrosse National Lacrosse League
Colorado Eagles Loveland October 17, 2003 Ice hockey Central Hockey League
Denver Outlaws Denver May 20, 2006 Lacrosse Major League Lacrosse

Former Professional Sports Teams

Club Sport League
Aurora Cavalry Basketball International Basketball League
Colorado 14ers Basketball NBA Development League
Colorado Chill Basketball National Women's Basketball League
Colorado Crossover Basketball International Basketball League
Colorado Crush Arena football Arena Football League
Colorado Rapids U23's Soccer USL Premier Development League
Colorado Rockies (NHL) Ice Hockey National Hockey League
Colorado Xplosion Women's Basketball American Basketball League (1996-1998)
Colorado Springs Blizzard Soccer USL Premier Development League
Denver Grizzlies Ice Hockey International Hockey League (1945-2001)
Denver Spurs Ice Hockey World Hockey Association / Central Hockey League / Western Hockey League
Denver Dynamite Arena Football Arena Football League
Denver Gold Football United States Football League
Denver Bears / Denver Zephyrs Baseball American Association / Pacific Coast League
Denver Racquets 1974 Champions Tennis World Team Tennis
Rocky Mountain Rage Ice hockey Central Hockey League

List of Colorado State Symbols

Colorado State Insignia

Type Symbol Adopted
Flag Flag of the State of Colorado 1911, CRS 24-80-904
Motto Nil sine numine
Latin: Nothing without providence
1861, CRS 24-80-901
Nickname Centennial State 1876
Seal Great Seal of the State of Colorado 1861, Modified 1877
CRS 24-80-901
Slogan Colorful Colorado Unofficial

Colorado Living Symbols

Type Symbol Adopted
Bird Lark Bunting
Calamospiza melanocorys
CRS 24-80-910
Fish Greenback Cutthroat Trout
Oncorhynchus clarki stomias
CRS 24-80-911.5
Flower Rocky Mountain Columbine
Aquilegia caerulea
CRS 24-80-905
Grass Blue Grama Grass
Bouteloua gracilis
SJR 87-13
Insect Colorado Hairstreak Butterfly
Hypaurotis crysalus
CRS 24-80-913
Mammal Rocky Mountain Bighorn Sheep
Ovis canadensis canadensis
CRS 24-80-911
Reptile Western Painted Turtle
Chrysemys picta bellii
HB 08-1017
Tree Colorado Blue Spruce
Picea pungens
HJR 39-07

Colorado Earth Symbols

Type Symbol Adopted
Fossil Stegosaurus 1982, Executive Order
Gemstone Aquamarine 1971, CRS 24-80-912
Mineral Rhodochrosite 2002, CRS 24-80-912.5
Rock Yule Marble 2004, CRS 24-80-912.7
Soil Seitz Unofficial

Colorado Cultural Symbols

Type Symbol Adopted
Folk dance Square Dance 1992, CRS 24-80-909.5
Songs Where the Columbines Grow
and Rocky Mountain High
1915, 2007
CRS 24-80-909
Tartan Colorado State Tartan 1997-03-03, HJR 97-1016