Chartres Cathedral

Chartres Cathedral, also known as Notre-Dame de Chartres, is located in Chartres which lies about 80km Southwest of Paris in France. Chartres Cathedral is a remarkable example of French Gothic style.


  • In the year 1194, the old parts of Chartres Cathedral also known as Royal Portal which is a Romansque church were destroyed due to fire.
  • Chatres cathedral houses the tunic of virgin Mary
  • The present Chartres Cathedral was built on the remains of this older church.
  • Chatres Cathedral is a major pilgrimage destination



  • The specialty of the Chatres Cathedral is its exceptional state of preservation.
  • The Chartres Cathedral is famous for its large number of sculptures.
  • Majority of the Chartres Cathedral is made up of stained glass.
  • The artifacts have maintained its originality since the Chatres Cathedral was built.
  • After the fire in the year 1194 the west façade known as the Portail Royal was integrated in the Chatres Cathedral
  • The most famous labyrinth is found at the Chatres Cathedral. It is laid into the floor in the form of a maze and was walked upon as a part of repentance as part of pilgrimage.
  • Chartres cathedral deviates from its symmetry since the west spires are mismatched.
  • The transepts in the Chatres Cathedral have huge rose windows and flanking towers. It also contains three sculptured portals each.

An attraction at the Chartres Cathedral is the light celebration. The Whole town participates by lighting up all the buildings in the town. UNESCO added the Chatres Cathedral to its world heritage list in the year 1979.

Chartres Cathedral

Chartres Cathedral Statistics & Facts

  • Length: 130 metres (430 ft)
  • Width: 32 metres (105 ft) / 46 metres (151 ft)
  • Nave: height 37 metres (121 ft); width 16.4 metres (54 ft)
  • Ground Area: 10,875 square metres (117,060 sq ft)
  • Height of South-West Tower: 105 metres (344 ft)
  • Height of North-West Tower: 113 metres (371 ft)
  • 176 Stained - glass windows
  • Choir Enclosure: 200 statues in 41 scenes

Chartres Cathedral Information

State Party France
Type Cultural
Criteria i, ii, iv
Reference 81
Region Europe
Chartres Cathedral Inscription History
Inscription 1979  (3rd Session)

Iconography of the Various Elements of the North Transept Portals

  Left (East) Portal Central Portal Right (West) Portal
Jamb Figures: Annunciation to Mary and the Visitation Old Testament Patriarchs, John the Baptist and St Peter King Solomon, the Queen of Sheba, various prophets
Lintel: Nativity and Annunciation to the Shepherds Dormition and Assumption of the Virgin Judgement of Solomon
Tympanum: Adoration of the Magi and the Dream of the Magi Coronation of the Virgin Job on the Dunghill
Archivolts: Personifications of the Virtues and Vices Tree of Jesse / Prophets Old Testament Narratives (Esther, Judith, Samson, Gideon and Tobit)

Iconography of the Various Elements of the South Transept Portals

  Left (West) Portal Central Portal Right (East) Portal
Jamb Figures: Martyr saints The Apostles Confessor saints
Lintel: The martyrdom (by stoning) of St Stephen The weighing of souls and separation of the blessed and the damned Scenes from the lives of St Nicholas of Bari and St Martin of Tours
Tympanum: Stephen's beatific vision of Christ Christ showing his wounds with the Virgin and St John and angels bearing the Arma Christi Further scenes from the lives of St Nicholas and St Martin
Archivolts: Assorted martyr saints Choirs of angels and the dead rising from their tombs / Prophets Life of St Giles in lower register, other Confessors in the remaining voussoirs