Bhutan is officially known as the Kingdom of Bhutan, it is located in South Asia encircled by land on all its sides. Bhutan is situated at the eastern end of Himalayas bordered by the Republic of India to the east, west and south; and to the north by People’s Republic of China. Bhutan is spread over an area of 38,816 square kilometers with 1.1% of water.
As per the 2009 estimates, Bhutan is home to 691,141 people. The official language of Bhutan is Dzongkha and the official religion is Vajrayana Buddhism. Bhutan lies between latitudes 26 degrees and 29 degrees north and longitudes 88 degree and 93 degree east.
The highest peak in Bhutan is Gangkhar Puensum standing tall at 24,840 ft with the title of being the highest unclimbed mountain in the world. The lowest peak of Bhutan is Drangme Chhu with 322 ft.
The climate of Bhutan varies with its altitude level. While the south has subtropical temperature, the north experiences year-round snow and polar-type climate in the highlands.
Bhutan has 46 species of Rhododendrons and 369 species of Orchids. The Himalayas of Bhutan is an important source of valuable medicinal plants used in ayurvedic medicine. 770 species of mushrooms are also found in Bhutan.
The tiger, one horned rhino, the golden langur, clouded leopard, hispid hare and the sloth bear can be spotted in tropical lowland in the south. In the mild zone, grey langur, tiger, common leopard, goral and serow can be seen in mixed conifer, broadleaf and pine forests.
|Map of Bhutan|