Dialing code: +1
Area: 20.54 sq miles (53.2 km²)
Currency: Bermudian dollar
Continent: Americas, North America
- Conventional long form: none
- Conventional short form: Bermuda
- Former: Somers Islands
- Bermuda was named after Juan de Bermudez.
- Bermudez sailed through the reefs to reach the island in 1515.
- An account of his voyage is given by historian Gonzales Ferdinando d’Oviedo who was also present on the ship.
- Bermuda is believed to have been discovered by the Europeans in 1503.
- It featured on a map designed by Peter Martyr d'Anghiera in 1511.
- Spanish explorer Juan de Bermúdez was the first to discover the islands.
- Spanish and Portuguese ships halted at the islands to replenish their resources.
- The islands were known as the “Isle of Devils” due to legends and folklore.
- The islands were not inhabited by permanent settlers for a long time after their discovery.
- Unfavorable weather prevented colonization on the islands.
- The island was claimed by the English Crown in 1684.
- In 1615, the colony was taken over by the Somers Isles Company .
- John Rolfe was responsible for beginning Virginia's tobacco industry.
- Planned settlement began with the arrival of the “Plough” in 1612.
- Before the American Revolution, thousands of Bermudians immigrated to South America.
- The conservation laws of the New World were created in Bermuda during 1616 to 1620.
- In 1649, the English Civil War raged and King Charles I was beheaded in London.
- The Bermudian Civil War followed which was ended by embodied militias.
- The colonists forced the puritans and independents into exile in the Bahamas.
- Agriculture on the Bermuda did not meet with success.
- After the dissolution of the Somers Isle Company, Bermudians shifted from agriculture to shipbuilding and replanting farmland with the native juniper trees.
- Bermudians deforested their landscape to begin salt trade that massively contributed to the land’s economic growth.
- Whaling, privateering, and the merchant trade were the major income generating activities.
- During the American War of 1812, Bermuda was used by the British as a launching pad for attacks.
- In 1816, James Arnold fortified Bermuda's Royal Naval Dockyard against possible US attacks.
- Defense and foreign affairs were taken care of by the United Kingdom.
- Bermuda now exists as the oldest British colony.
- A Royal Assent granted Bermuda limited self-governance in 1620.
- Bermuda has the fifth oldest parliament in the world.
- Majority of the population is black (54.8%).
- 34.1% population is white and 6.4% is multiracial.
- The number of Asians is also gradually increasing in Bermuda.
- 10% of the population is Portuguese in origin.
- Many people on St. David Island are descendants of Native Americans.
- The Algonquian peoples were exiled from New England colonies and sold into slavery during the 17th century.
- Expatriate communities comprise of people from the UK, Canada, the West Indies, and the U.S.
- 29% of the population is non-Bermudian.
Government and Politics
- Bermuda is an overseas territory of the UK.
- It is a self-governing territory ruled by a parliamentary government.
- Administrative divisions comprise of nine parishes and two municipalities.
- The two municipalities include Hamilton and Saint George.
- The nine parishes include Devonshire, Hamilton, Paget, Pembroke, Saint George’s, Sandy’s, Smith’s, Southampton and Warwick.
- Bermuda Day (24 May) is observed as a national holiday.
- The Constitution came into effect on June 1, 1967.
- The Constitution was amended in 1989 and 2003.
- Queen Elizabeth II is the chief of state.
- The head of government is the premier.
- The cabinet ministers are nominated by the premier and appointed officially by the governor.
- The governor is appointed by the monarch.
- The leader of the majority party or coalition is appointed premier by the governor following legislative elections.
- The legislative branch consists of a bicameral parliament modeled on the Westminster system.
- The Senate is the upper house consisting of eleven members appointed by the governor on the advice of the premier and the leader of the opposition.
- The House of Assembly consists of thirty-six members elected by the eligible voting populace in secret ballot.
- Elections must be called at 5 year intervals in the country.
- The legal system is based on the English law.
- The Judicial branch is represented by the Supreme Court, Court of Appeal and the Magistrate Courts.
- Bermudian culture is a combination of British and African heritages.
- The British influences can be seen in the education system, government and legal framework.
- Cricket is the most popular sport in the country.
- Pub culture is very popular among the Bermudans.
- Majority of the people speak English.
- Christianity is the dominant religion.
- A subtle African influence can be seen in the music and dance forms.
- Reggae and calypso are popular musical genres.
- The unique Gombey dance is the most popular dance form.
- Gombey dancing is inspired by the Christian missionaries, the British military and the American Indians.
- Gombey dancing is carefully choreographed to specific rhythms and often depicts biblical stories.
- The dancers traditionally perform on the streets on Boxing Day and New Year's Day.
- Bermudan cuisine is heavily influenced by British styles.
- Bermuda has the third highest per capita income in the world.
- Tourism and international financial services are the primary revenue earners.
- Bermuda’s international business sector is rapidly growing due to the increasing number of reinsurance companies.
- Most capital equipment and food must be imported.
- Construction is the most important industry.
- Agriculture is limited due to unavailability of arable land.
- The GDP (purchasing power parity) as calculated in 2004 was $4.5 billion.
- 2.1% of the population is unemployed.
- 19% of the population is below poverty line.
- The main agricultural produce consists of bananas, vegetables, citrus, flowers, dairy products and honey.
- The primary industries are international business, tourism and light manufacturing.
- Export commodities include re-exported pharmaceuticals.
- Import commodities include clothing, fuels, machinery and transport equipment, construction materials, chemicals, food and live animals.
- Telecommunication system in Bermuda is fully automated and modernized.
- There are eight radio broadcast stations and three television broadcast stations.
- Internet facilities are readily available.
- Bermuda has one international airport.
- Roadways cover a distance of 447 km.
- Bermuda’s merchant marine is equipped with 133 ships.
- The main ports and terminals are located at Hamilton and Saint George.
- Until 1965, there were separate schools for “whites” and “blacks”.
- At present, the Bermuda Public School System has twenty-six schools.
- An Alternative Programme is provided for students with behavioral challenges.
- The Bermuda College offers higher education in the form of associate degrees and other certificate programs.
- Bermuda does not have any four-year colleges or universities.
- Three categories of schools operate in the Bermuda Education system:
- Different Schools
- Aided schools: These are run by a board of trustees and are partially maintained by public funding.
- Maintained school: These are owned by the Government and fully maintained by public funds.
- Private school: These are registered with the government and do not receive any financial aid.
Bermuda is surrounded by:
- Miami, Florida (southwest)
- Halifax, Nova Scotia, Canada (North)
- Cape Hatteras, North Carolina (Southwest)
- Bermuda is located off the east coast of the United States in the North Atlantic Ocean.
- Its geographical coordinates are 32 20 N, 64 45 W.
- Bermuda covers a total area of 53.3 sq km.
- The coastline is 103 km long.
- Bermuda enjoys a mild, humid, subtropical climate.
- Gales and strong winds are common during winter months.
- The terrain comprises of low hills separated by fertile depressions.
- The highest point is Town Hill standing at 76 m.
- 20% of the land is arable.
- Natural resources include limestone and pleasant climate fostering tourism.
- Hurricanes are common between June and November.
- Sustainable development is the primary environmental concern.
- Rainfall is abundant but there are no rivers or freshwater lakes.
- Bermuda consists of about 138 coral islands.
- Bermuda is a partially self-governing overseas territory of the United Kingdom.
- Bermuda is rrenowned for its pink sand beaches and natural beauty.
- St. George's is a designated World Heritage Site.
- Shipwreck sites and coral reefs are popular among scuba divers.
- Bermuda's most popular attraction is the Royal Navy Dockyard and Museum.
- The Crystal Caves are famous for stalactites and underground saltwater pools.
- Bermuda’s aquarium, zoo and museum also receive a large number of visitors every year.
- According to a 2008 census, the total population was estimated to be 66,536.
- The annual population growth rate is 0.546%.
- Birth rate: 11.15 births/1,000 population (2008 est.)
- Death rate: 7.98 deaths/1,000 population (2008 est.)
Bermuda Related Topics:
Bermuda Tourist Attractions:
- Horseshoe Bay
- Bermuda Botanical Gardens
- Bermuda Aquarium
- Spanish Point
- Gibbs Hill Light House
- Ireland Island
- Cathedral of the Most Holy Trinity
- Boaz Island