Officially known as the Commonwealth of the Bahamas, Bahamas is made up of 29 islands, 661 small islands and 2,387 islets. Bahamas is located in the Atlantic Ocean. This nation is surrounded by Cuba and Hispaniola in north, Turks and Caicos Islands in the northwest, and United States in the southeast. Bahamas is spread over an area of 13,939 square kilometers with an estimate of sheltering 330,000 people.
Bahamas lies between 20 degree and 28 degree north latitudes; and 72 degree and 80 degree west longitude. While English is the official language, Bahamian Dialect is the recognized regional language.
The largest island of Bahamas is Andros Island. Other islands include Eleuthera, Cat Island, Long Island, San Salvador Island, Crooked Island, Exuma, Mayaguana and Acklins.
The highest point in Bahamas country is Mount Alvernia which has an altitude of 63 meters on Cat Island.
The climate of Bahamas varies from being subtropical to tropical. The temperature here falls as low as 2-3 degree Celsius though there was snowfall mixed with rain.
The local trees of The Bahamas include Lignum vitae, Mahogany, Caribbean pine, Candlewood, Red Cedar and many more. The native species of shrubs like Cascarilla, Strong back or Yellow Elder, mangroves and various kinds of palms are also commonly found.
Local fruit trees include Pigeon plum, Coco plum, Sea grape, Tamarind, Sugar apple, Guava, Mango, Banana, Avocado, Paw paw, Hog plum and Gooseberry.
The Bahamas has diverse fauna in land and sea. The Bahamas has 900 square miles of reefs, including the third longest barrier reef in the world. The reef inhabits eels, clownfish, angelfish, barracudas, Nassau grouper, nurse sharks and porcupine fish.
The marine life in The Bahamas includes sponges, conch, lobster, hogfish, snapper, bonefish and other fishes. Several other species of whales and dolphins, spotted dolphins, blue whales and humpbacks are commonly found in the islands of Bahamas.
Nearly 230 species of birds migrate or live in the Bahamas including Bahama parrot, Bahama wood star, hummingbird, woodpecker and the West Indian flamingo. The Bahamas has 13 species of native mammals of which 12 are bats.
|Map of Bahamas|