Bagan situated on the left bank of the Ayeyarwady River in the arid plains of Central Myanmar is a place of historical and architectural importance. It was here that the ancient kings of Myanmar held sway for more than twelve centuries and left behind a rich history and awesome architectural monuments, the Bagan temples and Pagodas, that still speak of the greatness of that era.
In 1057 AD a great number of monks, artists and craftsmen came to the bustling city and it was from these monks the citizens of Bagan received their religion and scriptures. Thus began under the patronage of the King, hectic and extraordinary building activity over a span of two centuries that resulted in thousands of monuments (Bagan temples and pagodas) of all shapes and sizes spread over Bagan and decorated and embellished with incredible frescoes.
Bagan temples follow two styles, the pre Buddhist temples built by the Bagan’s with no influence of the Mon monks are imposing, tall, with plenty of light coming in and airy. The temples built by the Mon monks are characterized by dark corridors, with very little light coming in through perforated windows. Bright frescoes and Mon writings dominate the walls of the temple. The temples are meant for worship and meditation.
The Bagan pagoda is a solid stupa, pyramidal in shape, exquisitely detailed and designed. Usually it has a bell shaped dome topped by a finial and situated amidst receding terraces. Pagodas are symbols for worship.
|Bagan Coordinates: 21°10′N 94°53′E|
|Time Zone||MST (UTC+6.30)|
|Yathekyaung||Preceptor of Pyusawhti||152-167|
|Pyusawhti||Son-in-law of Thamudarit||167-242|
|Tharamunhpya||Grandson of Thihtan||494-516|
|Popa Sawrahan||Usurping Priest||613-640|
|Theinkha||Court nominee of blood||726-734|
|Pyinbya||Son of Khelu||846-878|
|Sale Ngahkwe||Usurper of the blood||906-915|
|Nyaung-u Sawrahan (Taungthugyi)||Usurper||931-964|
|Kunhsaw Kyaunghpyu||Son of Tannet||964-986|
|Kyiso||Son of Nyaung-u Sawrahan||986-992|
|Anawrahta||Son of Kunsaw Kyaunghpyu||1044–1077|
|Uzana of Pagan||Son||1250–1255|
|Kyawswa||Son of Narathihapate||1287–1298|