The name of the temple of Baalbek has been taken from the God Baal, the Phoenician Sun-god Baal-Hadad and it was built during the 1st millennium BC. After the conquer of Alexander the Great, this temple was known as Heliopolis. In 64 BC, Pompey the Great made this temple as a part of Roman Empire. Soon Roman Empire spread its strength and the work of the temple started. The work of the temple was begun in 60 BC and completed in 120 years later, in AD 60. Later, under Antonius Pius (AD 138–61), renovation and enlargements of complex and temple took place. It was said that more than 100, 000 slaves were working on this project over the years. In 379, when Theodosius became an emperor then he supported Christianity and converted temple into church. But when Arabs came in Syria then it was converted into citadel and got its original name. After that, it had faced many invasions by Arabs and Mongolians. But, due to regular earthquake in Lebanon many pillars fell down. Now only few pillars are left for visitors to admire the beauty of this legend.
|Baalbek Coordinates: 34°0′25″N 36°12′14″E|
|- City||7 km2 (2.7 sq mi)|
|- Metro||16 km2 (6.2 sq mi)|
|Elevation||1,170 m (3,839 ft)|
|Time Zone||EET (UTC+2)|
|- Summer (DST)||+3 (UTC)|
The weather of the archeological site, Baalbek is pleasant with sunny morning, little bit clouds shadow in this region. The temperature goes from min 55 degrees to 60 degrees and max 68 degrees to 70 degrees. Humidity is normal.
There are many ancient things to do in Baalbek like to visit The Great Mosque, Public buildings (contains market and assembly hall), (ancient spring known as Ras El-Ain), City Gate (that surrounds the whole city), Quarries (place where stones were cut and used in the temple).
The Temple of Jupiter : This is a huge temple with strange staircase that surrounds the whole building. This temple has column which is said to be largest in the world. This temple has 54 columns. But due to earthquake, only six of them are left.
The Hexagonal Forecourt : This forecourt has 30 columns with 3 doors making it extraordinary. It is said that it was built in 3rd century A.D. or at the end of the 4rth century or the early 5th century and then it was transformed into church.
Al-Balad : This is the most famous restaurant in Baalbek which provides the tastiest food items to its visitors.
Temple of Bacchus : It was built in first half of the 2nd century A.D. Located next to Jupiter temple. This temple is said to be one of the mysterious temple.
After many invasions and earthquake, Baalbek is left with only six columns out of fifty-four. Baalbek is still alive after the ruins which tell the glory of Roman in the world.
It has Mediterranean type of climate. Summers are hot and dry. Winters are cool and rainfall takes place in winters. Summer is felt from June to August. The summer and winter are the best seasons for visitors to visit this place. Winter brings snowfall in mountains so it looks pleasant in winters. Autumn and springs bring rainfall in this region so it attracts fewer tourists.