Among the seven continents of the world Australia is the smallest one. Australia-New Guinea was almost completely isolated for around 40 million years. It was in 1770 that Australia got placed on the world map, when Captain James Cook landed at the Botany Bay. Australia located in the southern hemisphere, includes 6 states and 2 territories. Australian continent spreads over an area of 7.692 million square kilometres. It comes around 5% of the world’s land area. Oceania is the term used to represent a wider region which includes Zealandia and Australia. It is also known as Australasia. Australia is known as the land of the kangaroos. It has a vast wildlife that includes rare species.
New South Wales, Victoria, Queensland, Western Australia, South Australia, Tasmania are the six states of the continent. Among these Western Australia is the largest one. The territories of Australian continent comprises of Australian Capital Territory and Northern Territory. The main natural wonders of Australia are Great Barrier Reef, Fraser Island, Sydney Harbour Bridge and Opera House.
Major cities of the continent include Sydney, Melbourne, Brisbane, Perth and Adelaide.
The major rivers of the continent are Murray River, Murrumbidgee River, Darling River, Lachlan River, Cooper Creek, Flinders River and Diamantina River.
Major islands of Australian continent are Tasmania, New Guinea, the Aru Islands and Raja Ampat islands. Fraser Island located near the coast of southern Queensland, is the largest sand island in the world. It comes around 123 kilometres in length and reaches 25 kilometres at its widest point. This island is famous for its freshwater lakes, sand dunes, coloured sands, wetlands and rainforest.
There are around eleven deserts in the continent which comes around 20% of the mainland area. The major ones are Pinnacles Desert, the Gilson, Great Sandy, Simpson and Tanami.
Australia has an impressively large variety of landforms including the rock faces of the Blue Mountains located at the west of Sydney, the eroded volcanic rock of the Glasshouse Mountains positioned at the north of Brisbane and the flat plains on the southern coast west of Adelaide. The Australian landscape includes vast stony and sandy deserts, sweeping plateaus and plains flank narrow coastal slopes. Mount Kosciuszko located in New South Wales is the highest point on the Australian continent it is 2228 metres above sea level. The dry bed of Lake Eyre in South Australia is the lowest point, which is 15 metres below sea level.