Capital: Oranjestad
Dialing code: +297
Currency: Aruban florin
Official languages: Dutch Language, Papiamento language
Continent: Americas, North America

Country Name:

  • Conventional long form: none
  • Conventional short form: Aruba


  • Caquetios Amerindians from the Arawak tribe were the first to inhabit the island.
  • They were migrants from Venezuela who had escaped the Carib attacks.
  • The earliest known Indian settlement is known to have existed around 1000 AD.
  • Residents of Aruba were more connected to South America than to other Caribbean islands due to proximity and easy accessibility.
  • Europeans learnt of Aruba only after Amerigo Vespucci and Alonso de Ojeda discovered it in August 1499.
  • The Spaniards ruled over Aruba for over a hundred years.
  • Aruba is controlled by Dutch administration since 1636.
  • Great Britain controlled Aruba between 1799 and 1802, and 1805 to 1816.
  • In 1933 Aruba sent its first petition for independent status and autonomy.
  • Aruba became a British protectorate from 1940 to 1942 and a US protectorate from 1942 to 1945, during World War II.
  • On February 16, 1942, the island survived a German attack on its oil processing refinery.


  • 80% of Aruba’s population is Mestizo in origin.
  • The remaining 20% comprise of Spanish, Dutch, Italian, French and British.
  • Majority of the population seems to have descended from the Arawaks.
  • Pure-bred aborigines are no longer present on the island.
  • Aruba is becoming increasingly popular among immigrants who come there in search of job prospects.
  • The residency of foreign nationals has now been restricted to a maximum of 3 years.

Aruba Flag

Government and Politics:

  • Aruba is a member country of the Kingdom of the Netherlands.
  • Since its separation formthe Netherlands Antilles in 1986, it holds full autonomy in internal affairs.
  • The Dutch Government holds responsibility for defense and foreign affairs.
  • Aruba is run by a parliamentary democratic government.
  • Since Aruba is part of the Kingdom of Netherlands, it has no administrative divisions.
  • Flag Day (18 March, 1976) is observed as a national holiday.
  • The Constitution came into effect on 1 January 1986.
  • The Legal system is based on Dutch civil law system with some English common law influence.
  • Queen BEATRIX of the Netherlands is the chief of state since 30 April 1980.
  • She is represented by Governor General Fredis REFUNJOL since 11 May 2004.
  • The Prime Minister is the head of government. The Council of Ministers is elected by the Staten. The monarch is hereditary.
  • The governor general is appointed by the monarch for a six-year term.
  • The prime minister and deputy prime minister are elected by the State for four-year terms.
  • The Legislative branch is unicameral Legislature or Staten consisting of 21 seats.
  • Members of the legislature are elected by direct popular vote to serve four-year terms.
  • The Judicial branch is represented by the Common Court of Justice of Aruba.
  • Judges are appointed by the monarch.


  • March 18 is celebrated as National Day commemorating the introduction of the National Anthem and Aruban flag.
  • Since Aruba has a mixed culture, Dutch festivals like "Sinterklaas" and the Queen's birthday or "Dia di La Reina" (Koninginnedag) are also celebrated.
  • Christmas and New Year are celebrated with traditional songs and music.
  • Betico's Croes birthday is celebrated on January 25.
  • An annual Carnival is held every year since 1950.
  • The Carnival is an important part of Aruban and Caribbean culture in general.
  • In June there is the celebration of the "Dia di San Juan", with the song of "Dera Gai".
  • Religious occasions like the days of Ascension and Good Friday are also observed as holidays.
  • Aruban population is believed to be a mix of ninety-two different nationalities.
  • Papiamento, a linguistically mixed language, is spoken by most Arubans.
  • Dutch and Papiamento are the two official languages of Aruba.
  • Papiamento has elements of Dutch, English, diverse African dialects, Portuguese and Spanish.
  • Spanish is also spoken by a large number of people.
  • Some communities speak Portuguese, Chinese, German and French.
  • French is usually taught in schools.
  • The script of Papiamento varies greatly from island to island.


  • Tourism industry formsthe major part of the Aruban economy.
  • Offshore banking and oil-refining also generate substantial incomes.
  • Tourist activity has fuelled the growth of infrastructure including hotels and constructions.
  • The government has made cuttingthe budget and trade deficits a high priority.
  • The GDP (purchasing power parity) as calculated in 2005 was $2.258 billion.
  • 6.9% of the Arubans are unemployed.
  • Agricultural produce includes aloes, livestock and fish.
  • The major industries are tourism, transshipment facilities and oil refining.
  • Exported commodities include live animals and animal products, machinery and electrical equipment and transport equipment, art and collectibles.
  • Imported commodities include machinery and electrical equipment, crude oil for refining and re-export chemicals and foodstuffs.


  • Aruba has a modern fully automatic telecommunications system.
  • Many privatized service providers have emerged in the recent years.
  • There are 18 radio broadcast stations in all.
  • There is only one television broadcast station.
  • Internet facilities are well established and readily available.
  • Aruba has one airport.
  • Roadways span across 800 km.
  • The main ports and terminals are located at Barcadera, Oranjestad and Saint Nicolas.


  • Aruba follows the Dutch system and pattern of education.
  • Education at all levels is sponsored by the government.
  • Private institutions arrange their own funds.
  • The Aruban government spends a large amount of money on education compared to other Caribbean and Latin American nations.
  • The quality of primary schooleducation is very high in Aruba.
  • Secondary school educationcomprises of vocational training (VMBO), basic education (MAVO), college prep (HAVO) and advanced placement(VWO).
  • Higher education may be pursued at the Professional Education program (EPI), the teacherscollege (IPA) and the University of Aruba (UA).
  • Most students pursue higher education in the US, South America and Europe due to limited subject options in Aruban colleges.
  • Aruba has 68 schools for primary education, 12 schools for secondary education and 5 Universities.

Neighbouring Countries:

Aruba is located in the southern Caribbean Sea and is surrounded by:

  • Paraguaná Peninsula (south)
  • Falcón State, Venezuela (south)

Geographical Settings:

  • Aruba’s geographic coordinates are 12 30 N, 69 58 W.
  • The island nation spans over a total area of 193 sq km.
  • The coastline is 68.5 km long.
  • Aruba enjoys a tropical marine with little seasonal temperature variation.
  • The terrain is mostly flat with a few hills and scant vegetations.
  • The highest point is Mount Jamanota standing at 188 m.
  • 10.53% of the total land area is arable.
  • The island is very occasionally hit by hurricanes.


Aruba is still under the Kingdom of Netherlands.

Notable People in the Country:

Sidney Ponson (major league baseball player)

Famous For:

  • Aruba is gaining popularity as a tourist destination for its white, sandy beaches and pleasant climate.
  • The country also has some interesting natural rock formations and caves.

Total Population:

  • According to a 2008 census, the population of Aruba was estimated to be 101,541.
  • The annual population growth rate is 1.501% (2008 est.)
  • Birth rate: 12.81 births/1,000 population (2008 est.)
  • Death rate: 7.65 deaths/1,000 population (2008 est.)

Aruba Related Topics:

» Colleges and Universities in Aruba » Sports in Aruba » Aruba Travel

Aruba Tourist Attractions:

  • Plam Island
  • Alto Vista Chapel
  • Eagle Beach
  • SS Antilla
  • Hooiberg
  • Druif Beach
  • California Light House
  • Numismatic Museum of Aruba
  • Fort Zoutman
  • Archaelogical Museum of Aruba