Capital : Yerevan
Currency : Armenian dram

Country Name:

  • Conventional long form: Republic of Armenia
  • Conventional short form: Armenia
  • Local long form: Hayastani Hanrapetut'yun
  • Local short form: Hayastan
  • Former: Armenian Soviet Socialist Republic, Armenian Republic


  • The native Armenian name for the country is Hayk‘.
  • Hayk is believed to be the descendent of Noah.
  • Iranians added the suffix “stan” and the country began to be called “Hayastan”.
  • The exonym Armenia was first recorded in the Old Persian Behistun inscription in 515 BC.
  • It was then referred to as Armina.
  • The Greeks used the term “Armenians” for the first time in 476 BC.


  • Armenia has evidence of one of the world’s oldest civilizations.
  • Mention of Mount Ararat (where Noah rested his ark) has been made in the Bible.
  • Armenia was the first country to embrace Christianity as early as 300 A.D.
  • During the 6th century B.C., Armenians settled in the kingdom of Urartu.
  • The empire flourished under the rule of Tigrane the Great and extended from the Caspian to the Mediterranean seas.
  • The region underwent many invasions which caused a mix of cultures and races.
  • Armenians managed to preserve their culture and traditions through the years.
  • During World War I, the Ottoman Turks conquered parts of Armenia and inflicted atrocities upon the people.
  • Thousands of Armenians were massacred and deported to deserts. Many more died of starvation.
  • The Armenian massacre is considered the first genocide in the 20th century.
  • After the Turks were defeated in World War I, the independent Republic of Armenia was established on May 28, 1918.
  • It was annexed by the Soviet Army on Nov. 29, 1920.
  • Reorganization took place in 1936 and Armenia became a separate constituent republic of the USSR.
  • Armenia declared its independence after the collapse of Soviet Union on Sept. 23, 1991.
  • In 1988, Armenia and Azerbaijan went through a territorial dispute over the enclave of Nagorno-Karabakh.
  • The dispute led to a war (1992-1994) which resulted in a large number of casualties.
  • The region is currently under Armenia’s control.
  • It is estimated that 60% of Armenians have migrated to other countries like US, Russia, Georgia, France, Iran, Lebanon, Syria, Argentina, and Canada.
  • Ter-Petrosyan was Armenia's first president independence in 1991.
  • Claims of rigged voting led to a mass protest and a 20-day state of emergency was declared on March 1, 1991.

Armenia Flag


  • The population of Armenia has rapidly declined post-independence due to increased emigration.
  • 97.9% of the population is ethnic Armenian.
  • Minorities include Yazidis, Russians, Belarusians, Ukrainians, Kurds, Georgians, Greeks, and Assyrians.
  • Vlachs, Mordvins, Ossetians, Udis, and Tats also exist in small numbers.
  • Pre-independence, there was a large number of Azerbaijanis in Armenia.
  • Armenian Diaspora is mainly settled in Russia, France, Iran, the United States, Georgia, Syria, Lebanon, Argentina, Australia, Canada, Greece, Cyprus, Israel, Poland and Ukraine.
  • Many Armenians have also settled in other European and middle-eastern countries.
  • Armenians form the larger part of the population in the region of Nagorno-Karabakh.

Government and Politics:

  • Armenia is run by a republic government.
  • Administrative divisions consist of 11 provinces namely: Aragatsotn, Ararat, Armavir, Geghark'unik', Kotayk', Lorri, Shirak, Syunik', Tavush, Vayots' Dzor and Yerevan.
  • 21 September (Independence Day) is observed as a national holiday.
  • The Constitution was adopted by nationwide referendum on 5 July 1995.
  • Constitutional amendments were implemented after a nationwide referendum on 27 November 2005.
  • The Legal system is based on civil law system.
  • Armenia has not accepted compulsory ICJ jurisdiction.
  • The President is the chief of state.
  • The Prime Minister is the head of government.
  • The Council of Ministers is appointed by the prime minister. The president is elected by popular vote for a five-year term.
  • The prime minister is appointed by the president based on majority or plurality support in parliament.
  • When National Assembly refuses to accept their program the prime minister and Council of Ministers must resign.

The Legislative branch is represented by a unicameral National Assembly (Parliament). The Judicial branch is represented by the Constitutional Court and Court of Cassation (Appeals Court).


  • Armenia has a distinct alphabet system and language of its own.
  • The alphabet was invented by Saint Mesrob Mashtots in 405 AD.
  • The alphabet has thirty-eight letters in all.
  • English and Russian are widely spoken languages.
  • The Armenian national anthem is “Mer Hayrenik”.
  • Armenia’s has a strong art culture that dates back to the Middle Ages.
  • The National Art Gallery in Yerevan, The Modern Art Museum, the Children’s Picture Gallery and the Martiros Saryan Museum display some of the most valuable art collections.
  • Orchestra and classical musical forms are very popular and highly regarded.
  • Opera and live musical performances are commonly held.
  • Yerevan's Vernisage offers a wide variety of arts and crafts objects like woodcarving, antiques, fine lace, and the hand-knotted wool carpets and kilims.
  • Gold and other jewellery made from Obsidian is made by traditional Armenian goldsmiths.
  • Russian relics and souvenirs are also widely available in the market.
  • Armenia also has several historical and heritage sites from the Medieval, Iron Age, Bronze Age and Stone Age.
  • There are also a large number of churches and fortresses from the rich historical past of the country.
  • Hospitality and socializing is an integral part of Armenian culture.
  • Social gatherings usually involve elaborate meals with wine, alcohol or cognac.
  • Guests are treated warmly and fed generously.
  • Weddings are traditional and celebrated with Armenian cognac.
  • The period between an engagement and a wedding may extend upto 1 year.


  • Since its independence, Armenia has been developing rapidly on the economical front.
  • Armenia faced a financial setback after its conflict with Azerbaijan.
  • The IMF-sponsored economic liberalization program implemented by the government in 1994 has contributed to the economic growth.
  • There has been marked decline in poverty, inflation and currency fluctuation.
  • Post Soviet-era, Armenia has shifted to small scale agriculture from large scale industrial base.
  • Nuclear power plants at Metsamor were closed after the 1988 Spitak Earthquake.
  • Metsamor generates over 40 % of the country's electricity.
  • A natural gas pipeline is being laid down between Iran and Armenia.
  • Armenia’s mineral deposits include copper, gold and bauxite.
  • The highest yielding export commodities are Pig iron, unwrought copper, and other nonferrous metals.
  • International aid, non-resident Armenians and foreign trade have also contributed to the economic development.
  • Unemployment still remains a pressing issue in the country.
  • GDP (purchasing power parity) as calculated in 2007 was $17.15 billion.
  • 26.5% of the population is below poverty line (2006 est.)
  • The main Agricultural produce comprises of fruit (especially grapes), vegetables and livestock.
  • Major industries are diamond-processing, metal-cutting machine tools, forging-pressing machines, electric motors, tires, knitted wear, hosiery, shoes, silk fabric, chemicals, trucks, instruments, microelectronics, jewelry manufacturing, software development, food processing and brandy.
  • Export commodities include pig iron, unwrought copper, nonferrous metals, diamonds, mineral products, foodstuffs and energy.
  • Import commodities include natural gas, petroleum, tobacco products, foodstuffs and diamonds.


  • Armenia has a modernized telecommunications system.
  • Telephone and cellular services are reliable and well established in most parts of the country.
  • There are two cellular service providers in Armenia.
  • There are 25 radio broadcast stations in all.
  • A total of 48 television broadcast stations exist which also include two public networks and some Russian channels.
  • Internet facilities are reasonably available.
  • Armenia is connected by 12 airports.
  • The railway network spreads over 839 km.
  • Roadways span over a total of 7,700 km.


99.4% of the total Armenian population is literate. Armenia has a high quality of educational infrastructure at all levels. The American University of Armenia has graduate programs in a wide variety of subjects.

Neighbouring Countries:

Armenia is a landlocked country surrounded by:

  • Turkey (east)
  • Georgia (south)
  • Azerbaijan (west)
  • Iran and the Nakhchivan exclave of Azerbaijan (north)

Armenia Related Topics:

» Colleges and Universities in Armenia » Sports in Armenia » Armenia National Anthem » Armenia Maps

Armenia Tourist Attractions:

  • Matenadaran
  • Victory Park
  • Cafesjian Museum of Art
  • Geghard
  • Blue Mosque
  • History Museum of Aremenia
  • Khor Virap
  • Yerevan Zoo
  • Erebuni Museum


  • Amberd
  • Dalma Garden Mall
  • Mount Aragats
  • Republic Square
  • National Gallery of Aremenia
  • Tatev Monastery