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Arizona Politics

Arizona Politics

Arizona Political History The Voting Status of Arizona
Governors of the Territory of Arizona Other High Offices Held
Governors of the State of Arizona Living Former Governors

Arizona Political History

Arizona has a political history dating back to the second fifty years of the nineteenth century, when the state had not entered into the statehood of United States of America. On observing the history of the political rule in Arizona, we can find that the state of Arizona have been ruled by the Democratic party right from the time it joined the statehood (in the year 1912) of the United States until the later part of the 1940's with the few exceptions which came during the election in the years 1920, 1924 and 1928 when it was the Republican Party which carried the government. Almost seventy five years before the statehood, the state of Arizona was mainly under the Republican rule except during 1885 to 1889 and 1894 to 1897 when the state came under the Democratic Government.

The political parties in Arizona

There are a number of political parties in Arizona, but only two parties can be considered as the major party which does have a role in the Arizona politics and government. These major two parties are the Democratic Party and the Arizona Republican Party.

The Democratic Party

According to the Agenda of the Democratic Party, emphasis is laid certain features which include the economic growth of the country, providing affordable health care for every Americans, retirement security for the aged and the most important of all, a government that protects the civil rights and the liberty of the people through the honest and accountable government.

The Arizona Republican Party

The Arizonan Republican Party is the majority party in the state legislature of Arizona and currently controls both of the chambers. This dominant party in Arizona currently holds the offices of Governor (Jan Brewer), Secretary of State (Ken Benette), State Treasurer (Dean Martin), Superintendent of Public Instruction (Tom Horne) and State mine Inspector (Joe Hart).

The other parties in Arizona includes the American Reform Party, the  Confederate Party of Arizona, the Constitution Party of Arizona, The Green party, The Independent American Party, The Libertarian Party, The Natural Law Party, The Reform Party, The Socialist Party  and The Southern Parties of the Southwest all of which do play a vital role in shaping the political structure of the state.

The Voting Status of Arizona

The political status of the State of Arizona is decided mainly by the two counties; the Maricopa County and the Pima County. Almost 75 percentages of the total state population and around eighty percent of the total votes of Arizona are from this region which also homes the two metropolitan cities of Arizona, Tucson and Phoenix.

 Maricopa County which has around 60 percent of the total population of Arizona plays an important role in deciding the political future of the state in each election and homes almost all of the states elected officials from Arizona. The people from this county have been shown to favor the Republicans in every presidential election from the election starting from the year 1948. Barry Gold water, who won the 1964 election have been leading with a very high majority; about 20 thousand vote margin due to the votes contributed by the people of the Maricopa county. In contrast to this, the Pima County which also has a considerable percentage of the voting community is more favorable towards the Democratic Party, but Tucson which is inside the Pima county shows a lean towards the Republican Party. Many southern counties also follow this likeness towards the Democratic Party and favor the party in national and state level election.

Favoring the Republicans in the state after the 1950's

After the election in the year 1952, when the 34th president of the United States Dwight David Ike Eisenhower was elected, the state of Arizona has consistently voted for Republican Party in the national politics. But in 1996, this republican favor was changed for the one and only time to elect Bill Clinton who was the Democratic candidate. The political status of the state in general has also been dominated by the Republican Party in the few recent years. The major city of Arizona, Phoenix and Tucson also started favoring the Republican Party from the 1950's onwards. At this time period a lot of pinto democrats or the conservative democrats from local areas were also showing their complete support to the Republican Party at the state and national level making it the majority party.

The United state presidential election was held in the state of Arizona and took place in the month of November 2008 and in this election. The Republican nominee John Mc Cain won with a marginal vote victory over Barack Obama who was the Democratic Party representative. In this 2008 election, John Mc Cain got the Republican nomination to become the first presidential nominee from the state of Arizona after Barry Goldwater from the same state who was nominated in 1964.

Governors of the Territory of Arizona

Governor Took Office Left Office Appointed by
John Noble Goodwin December 29, 1863 March 4, 1865 Abraham Lincoln
Richard Cunningham McCormick July 9, 1866 March 4, 1869 Andrew Johnson
Anson P.K. Safford July 9, 1869 April 5, 1877 Ulysses S. Grant
John Philo Hoyt May 30, 1877 June 12, 1878 .Rutherford B. Hayes
.John C. Frémont October 6, 1878 October 11, 1881 .Rutherford B. Hayes
Frederick Augustus Tritle March 8, 1882 October 7, 1885 Chester A. Arthur
C. Meyer Zulick November 2, 1885 March 28, 1889 Grover Cleveland
Lewis Wolfley April 8, 1889 August 20, 1890 Benjamin Harrison
John N. Irwin January 21, 1891 April 20, 1892 Benjamin Harrison
Nathan Oakes Murphy May 11, 1892 April 5, 1893 Benjamin Harrison
L. C. Hughes April 12, 1893 April 1, 1896 Grover Cleveland
Benjamin Joseph Franklin April 18, 1896 July 29, 1897 Grover Cleveland
Myron H. McCord July 29, 1897 August 1, 1898 William McKinley
Nathan Oakes Murphy August 1, 1898 June 30, 1902 William McKinley
Alexander Oswald Brodie July 1, 1902 December 14, 1905 Theodore Roosevelt
Joseph Henry Kibbey March 7, 1905 May 1, 1909 Theodore Roosevelt
Richard Elihu Sloan May 1, 1909 February 14, 1912 William Howard Taft

Governors of the State of Arizona

S.No. Governor Term Start Term End Party Terms
1 George W. P. Hunt February 14, 1912 January 1, 1917 Democratic 2.02
2 Thomas Edward Campbell January 1, 1917 December 25, 1917 Republican 0.5½
1 George W. P. Hunt December 25, 1917 January 6, 1919 Democratic 0.5½
2 Thomas Edward Campbell January 6, 1919 January 1, 1923 Republican 2.02
1 .George W. P. Hunt January 1, 1923 January 7, 1929 Democratic 3.03
3 John Calhoun Phillips January 7, 1929 January 5, 1931 Republican 1.01
1 George W. P. Hunt January 5, 1931 January 2, 1933 Democratic 1.01
4 Benjamin Baker Moeur January 2, 1933 January 4, 1937 Democratic 2.02
5 Rawghlie Clement Stanford January 4, 1937 January 2, 1939 Democratic 1.01
6 Robert Taylor Jones January 2, 1939 January 6, 1941 Democratic 1.01
7 Sidney Preston Osborn January 6, 1941 May 25, 1948 Democratic 3.53½
8 Dan Edward Garvey May 25, 1948 January 1, 1951 Democratic 1.51½
9 John Howard Pyle January 1, 1951 January 3, 1955 Republican 2.02
10 Ernest McFarland January 3, 1955 January 5, 1959 Democratic 2.02
11 Paul Fannin January 5, 1959 January 4, 1965 Republican 3.03
12 Samuel Pearson Goddard, Jr. January 4, 1965 January 2, 1967 Democratic 1.01
13 Jack Richard Williams January 2, 1967 January 6, 1975 Republican 3.03
14 Raul Hector Castro January 6, 1975 October 20, 1977 Democratic 0.3⅓
15 Wesley Bolin October 20, 1977 March 4, 1978 Democratic 0.3⅓
16 Bruce Babbitt March 4, 1978 January 5, 1987 Democratic 2.32⅓
17 Evan Mecham January 5, 1987 April 4, 1988 Republican 0.5½
18 Rose Mofford April 4, 1988 March 6, 1991 Democratic 0.5½
19 Fife Symington III March 6, 1991 September 5, 1997 Republican 1.51½
20 Jane Dee Hull September 5, 1997 January 6, 2003 Republican 1.51½
21 Janet Napolitano January 6, 2003 January 21, 2009 Democratic 1.51½
22 Jan Brewer January 21, 2009 incumbent Republican 0.5½

Other High Offices Held

Governor Gubernatorial Term Other Offices Held
John Noble Goodwin 1863–1866 (territorial) Territorial Delegate*, U.S. Representative from Maine
Richard Cunningham McCormick 1866–1868 (territorial) Territorial Delegate*, U.S. Representative from New York
John Philo Hoyt 1877–1878 (territorial) Governor of Idaho Territory
John C. Frémont 1878–1881 (territorial) U.S. Senator from California, Military Governor of California
John N. Irwin 1890–1892 (territorial) Governor of Idaho Territory, U.S. Minister to Portugal
Nathan Oakes Murphy 1892–1893, 1898–1902 (territorial) Territorial Delegate
Benjamin Joseph Franklin 1896–1897 (territorial) U.S. Representative from Missouri
Myron H. McCord 1897–1898 (territorial) U.S. Representative from Wisconsin
George W. P. Hunt 1912–1917, 1917–1919, 1923–1929, 1931–1933 U.S. Minister to Siam
Ernest McFarland 1955–1959 U.S. Senator (including as majority leader)
Paul Fannin 1959–1965 U.S. Senator
Raul Hector Castro 1975–1977 Ambassador to El Salvador, Ambassador to Bolivia, Ambassador to Argentina*
Bruce Babbitt 1978–1987 U.S. Secretary of the Interior
Janet Napolitano 2003–2009 U.S. Secretary of Homeland Security*

Living Former Governors

Governor Gubernatorial term Date of birth
Raul Hector Castro 1975–1977 June 12, 1916 (1916-06-12) (age 94)
Bruce Babbitt 1978–1987 June 26, 1938 (1938-06-26) (age 72)
Rose Mofford 1988–1991 June 10, 1922 (1922-06-10) (age 88)
Fife Symington III 1991–1997 August 12, 1945 (1945-08-12) (age 64)
Jane Dee Hull 1997–2003 August 8, 1935 (1935-08-08) (age 74)
Janet Napolitano 2003–2009 November 29, 1957 (1957-11-29) (age 52)

List of United States Senators from Arizona

Class 1

# Senator Party Took office Left office Other offices/Notes Term Electoral history
1 Henry F. Ashurst Democratic March 27, 1912 January 3, 1941 Speaker of the Arizona Territory House of Representatives
(1899)
1 Elected in 1912
2 Re-elected in 1916
3 Re-elected in 1922
4 Re-elected in 1928
5 Re-elected in 1934

Lost renomination in 1940
2 Ernest McFarland Democratic January 3, 1941 January 3, 1953 Senate Majority Leader
(1951–1953)
Governor of Arizona
(1955–1959)
Chief Justice of the Arizona Supreme Court
(1968–1970)
6 Elected in 1940
7 Re-elected in 1946

Lost re-election in 1952
3 Barry Goldwater Republican January 3, 1953 January 3, 1965 Republican nominee for President
(1964)
Later served in Arizona's Class 3 seat
(1969-1987)
8 Elected in 1952
9 Re-elected in 1958

Retired to run for President
4 Paul Fannin Republican January 3, 1965 January 3, 1977 Governor of Arizona
(1959–1965)
10 Elected in 1964
11 Re-elected in 1970

Retired
5 Dennis DeConcini Democratic January 3, 1977 January 3, 1995   12 Elected in 1976
13 Re-elected in 1982
14 Re-elected in 1988

Retired
6 Jon Kyl Republican January 4, 1995 Incumbent U.S. Representative
(1987–1995)
Senate Republican Whip
(2007—present)
15 Elected in 1994
16 Re-elected in 2000
17 Re-elected in 2006

Class 3

# Senator Party Took office Left office Other offices/Notes Term Electoral history
1 Marcus A. Smith Democratic March 27, 1912 March 4, 1921 Arizona's Territorial Delegate
(1887–1895; 1897–1899; 1901–1903; 1905–1909)
1 Elected 1912
2 Re-elected in 1914

Lost re-election in 1920
2 Ralph H. Cameron Republican March 4, 1921 March 4, 1927 Arizona's Territorial Delegate
(1909–1912)
3 Elected in 1920

Lost re-election in 1926
3 Carl Hayden Democratic March 4, 1927 January 3, 1969 Member of the U.S. House
(1912–1927)
President pro tempore
(1957–1969)
4 Elected in 1926
5 Re-elected in 1932
6 Re-elected in 1938
7 Re-elected in 1944
8 Re-elected in 1950
9 Re-elected in 1956
10 Re-elected in 1962

Retired
4 Barry Goldwater Republican January 3, 1969 January 3, 1987 Previously served Arizona's Class 1 seat
(1953-1965)
Republican nominee for President
(1964)
11 Elected in 1968
12 Re-elected in 1974
13 Re-elected in 1980

Retired
5 John McCain Republican January 3, 1987 Incumbent Member of the U.S. House
(1983–1987)
Republican nominee for President (2008)
14 Elected in 1986
15 Re-elected in 1992
16 Re-elected in 1998
17 Re-elected in 2004

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