The vast land of Arizona composes of canyons, plateaus, mountains, forest and dry land making it different from north to south. According to the census of Agriculture, in the year 2007 almost 36 percent of total land area of Arizona is farm land, which accounts for 26, 500,000 acres and out of this around 4. 6 % are crop land and 23, 680, 000 acres are pasture land. Only a 68 percent of the land under agriculture is irrigated though the water from dams, reservoirs and lakes which is very space in water most of the time. Although the availability of water and the land under cultivation is low, a number of people in Arizona find their livelihood in agriculture and related activities.
Food sector and Agriculture is a major source of the Arizona economy and about 7 billion dollars are gained by the state of Arizona from the agriculture and related activities. Agriculture also creates around 75 thousand job opportunity for the people living there, either in the production field or in the processing of agriculture goods. It is estimated that for every person working in the production of agricultural goods, two are working in the processing of it.
Around ten thousand farm lands with an average size of 2610 acres are under cultivation in Arizona. Lettuce which forms around twenty percent of the state's total crop is the major food crop cultivated in the southern fertile basins in the state of Arizona. The place Yuma in Arizona is considered as the winter lettuce capitol of the world and around twelve million heads of lettuce are harvested each day. It is the warm weather here that had made the lettuce cultivation and production very high.
The major cash crop of Arizona is cotton and Arizona is ranked tenth in the United State in cotton production. The 6% of farm receipt of the state is cotton and the cotton harvested in a year meets the requirement of producing at least one pair of jeans pant for everyone in the nation.
Hay is also an important product of Arizona and 5% of the farm receipt is hay, which is also one of the major products in the state. Cantaloupe and honeydew melon are produced in very high amount and it accounts for about three to four percent of the states revenue. The state is ranked number 2 in the production of these fruits along with head and leaf lettuce, broccoli, cauliflower and lemon. Vegetables, cotton, cotton linters, seeds and fruits are among the top export crops of the state. The state also produces alfalfa and the harvest is much more than double (8.4 tons per acre) when compared to the national output which comes just around 3.4 tons per acre. Other important crop cultivated in the state of Arizona includes wheat, barley, citrus fruits and grapes and potatoes.
|Top 5 Agriculture Commodities, 2006|
|Value of Receipts Thousand $||Percent of State Total |
|Percent of US Value|
|1. Cattle and calves||737,453||25.6||1.5|
|2. Dairy products||504,448||17.5||2.2|
|Top 5 Agriculture Exports, Estimates, FY 2006|
|Rank Among States||Value Million $|
|1. Cotton and linters||11||122.5|
|2. Vegetables and preparations||10||105.0|
|3. Dairy products||13||39.7|
|5. Fruits and preparations||9||39.3|