Capital: Andorra la Vella
Currency: European euro
Population: 78,360 (2012) World Bank
Continent: Europe
Official language: Catalan language

Name of the Country:

  • Conventional long form: Principality of Andorra
  • Conventional short form:Andorra
  • Local long form: Principat d'Andorra
  • Local short form: Andorra


  • The origin of the name "Andorra" is not completely known.
  • It is believed to be derived from al-Darra, the Arabic word for forest.


  • French Count of Foix is said to have inherited the land of Andorra by marrying into a Spanish Lord’s family.
  • Andorra came under dispute in the eleventh century.
  • An agreement signed in 1278 divided the sovereignty of the land between the count of Foix and the bishop of La Seu d'Urgell, in Catalonia, Spain.
  • King Henry IV of France issued an edict in 1607 that established the head of the French state and the Bishop of Urgell as co-princes of Andorra.
  • During 1812–13, the First French Empire annexed Catalonia and divided it into four départements.
  • In the annexure, Andorra was assigned to the district of Puigcerda.
  • Until 1957, Andorra remained in an official state of belligerency as it was not included in the Versailles Peace Treaty.
  • In 1933 France occupied Andorra after a period of social unrest.
  • On July 12, 1934, Boris Skossyreff declared war on the bishop of Urgell.
  • He was arrested and expelled from Spain.
  • From 1936 to 1940, a French detachment was garrisoned in Andorra.
  • During World War II, Andorra remained neutral.
  • The country served as a smuggling route between Vichy France and Spain.
  • Its political system was thoroughly modernized in 1993.
  • It became a member of the United Nations and the Council of Europe in 1993.

Andorra Flag


  • Andorrans are a minority in their own country.
  • Majority of the population comprises of Spaniards, Portuguese, French, Britons and Italians .
  • Andorrans have the world's longest life expectancy, cited at 83.5 years.

Government and Politics:

  • Andorra has been run by a parliamentary democracy since March 1993.
  • The two princes are the president of France and bishop of Seo de Urgel, Spain.
  • They are represented locally by co-princes' representatives.
  • The administrative divisions comprise of seven parishes namely- Andorra la Vella, Canillo, Encamp, Escaldes-Engordany, La Massana, Ordino, Sant Julia de Loria
  • Andorra's first written constitution was drafted in 1991 and made effective on 28 April 1993.
  • The legal system is based on French and Spanish civil codes.
  • There is no judicial review of legislative acts and the country has not accepted compulsory ICJ jurisdiction.
  • French Coprince Nicolas SARKOZY is the chief-of-state and is represented by Philippe MASSONI.
  • Spanish Coprince Bishop Joan Enric VIVES i SICILIA is represented by Nemesi MARQUES i OSTE.
  • Executive Council President Albert PINTAT SANTOLARIA is the head of the government since 27 May 2005.
  • Executive Council president is elected by the General Council and formally appointed by the co-princes for a four-year term.
  • The members of the unicameral General Council of the Valleys are elected by direct popular vote for a total of 28 seats.
  • Andorra does not have a military base of its own.
  • The responsibility of the country’s security rests with France and Spain.
  • Andorra is one of only four nations (together with France, Monaco, and Turkey) that never signed the Council of Europe Framework Convention on National Minorities.


  • The population of Andorra is predominantly Roman Catholic.
  • Their patron saint is Our Lady of Meritxell.
  • The official and historic language is Catalan.
  • Spanish and French are also widely spoken.
  • Andorran culture is rich in folktales and folklore.
  • Andorran culture has contributed to the conglomerate of Catalan culture.
  • Folk dances like the contrapas, marratxa and Saint Anne's dance are popular in some parishes.
  • Andorran music has French and Spanish influences.
  • Andorra's national holiday is Our Lady of Meritxell Day which is observed on September 8.


  • The tourism industry makes for more than 80% of the GDP.
  • The banking sector, with its partial "tax haven" status, also contributes substantially to the economy.
  • Since agriculture is limited, most food items have to be imported.
  • Most of the livestock comprises of sheep.
  • Manufactured products include cigarettes, cigars and furniture.
  • Andorra is treated as an EU member for trade in manufactured goods (no tariffs) and as a non-EU member for agricultural products.
  • The GDP (purchasing power parity) as calculated in 2005 was $ 2.77 billion.
  • The small agricultural produce comprises of rye, wheat, barley, oats and vegetables.
  • The main industries are tourism (skiing), cattle raising, timber, banking, tobacco and furniture.
  • Consumer goods and electricity are imported.


  • Andorra has a wide network of roadways in the Pyrenees.
  • Telephone and cellular services are well established.
  • One channel is broadcast on the radio.
  • Internet facilities are readily available.


  • Education is compulsory for children until the age of 16.
  • Education is provided by both French and Spanish language schools.
  • The French government partially subsidizes education in Andorra's French-language schools.
  • Schools in the southern section are supported by the church.
  • The Roman Catholic Church has introduced the local language Catalan in the schools.
  • About 50% of Andorran children attend French primary schools.
  • The rest attend Spanish or Andorran school.
  • The rest attend Spanish or Andorran school.
  • The University of Andorra was established in July 1997.
  • It mostly offers long-distance courses through universities in Spain and France.
  • The majority of secondary graduates continue their education in France or Spain.
  • Virtually the entire adult population is literate.
  • Andorra also has a nursing school and a school of computer science.

Neighbour Countries:

  • France
  • Spain

Geographical Setting:

  • Andorra is located in Southwestern Europe between France and Spain
  • Its Geographic coordinates are 42 30 N, 1 30 E
  • The country spans over a total area of 468 sq km.
  • It is a landlocked country.
  • The climate is temperate with cold, snowy winters and warm, dry summers.
  • The terrain is mostly mountainous.
  • Coma Pedrosa is the highest peak standing at 2,946 meters.
  • Only 2.13% of the total land is arable.
  • Natural resources include hydropower, mineral water, timber, iron ore and lead.
  • Avalanches are a common occurrence.
  • Deforestation and pollution are major environmental concerns.


  • Andorra was made a free country in 1278 under the joint suzerainty of the French Count of Foix and the Spanish Bishop of Urgel.

Eminent Personalities:

  • Michele Gazier (Writer)
  • Ramon Villero Castella (Writer)
  • Antoni Fiter i Rossell (Author of the Manual Digest)
  • Jacques Tremoulet (Creator of Radio Andorra)
  • Alex Antor (Alpine skier, Olympics)
  • Marc Bernaus (Footballer)
  • Juli Fernandez ( Footballer)
  • Melissandre Fuentes ( Figure skater)
  • Hocine Haciane (Swimmer at the 2004 Summer Olympics)
  • Ildefons Lima (Footballer)
  • Antoni Morell (writer and lawyer)
  • Oscar Sonejee (Footballer)
  • Anonymous (Andorran band)

Famous for:

  • Andorra is a booming tourist destination owing to its summer and winter resorts.
  • Shopping is duty-free.

Total Population:

  • According to a 2008 census, the population of Andorra was estimated to be 72,413.
  • The annual population growth rate was calculated to be 0.797%.
  • Birth rate: 8.23 births/1,000 population (2008 EST.)
  • Death rate: 6.63 deaths/1,000 population (2008 EST.)
  • Density: 154/km²

Andorra Related Topics:

» Colleges and Universities in Andorra » Sports in Andorra » Andorra Maps

» Andorra National Anthem

Andorra Tourist Attractions:

  • Vallnord
  • Esglesia de Sant Roma de les Bons
  • Santa Coloma Church
  • Sant Marti de la Cortinada Church
  • Esglesia de Sant Esteve
  • Esglesia de Sant Miquel d'Engolasters
  • Placa del Poble
  • Ordino-Arcalis Ski Area
  • Coma Pedrosa
  • Esglesia de Sant Marti de la Cortinada
  • Esglesia de Sant Climent de Pal
  • Arinsal and Pal Ski Area
  • Lake Engolasters
  • Pic de Medecourbe
  • Casa de la Vell
  • National Auto Mobile Museum
  • Our Lady of Meritxell
  • Sant Joan de Caselles Church
  • Casa Plairal d'Areny de Plandolit