Capital: Andorra la Vella
Currency: European euro
Population: 78,360 (2012) World Bank
Official language: Catalan language
Name of the Country:
- Conventional long form: Principality of Andorra
- Conventional short form:Andorra
- Local long form: Principat d'Andorra
- Local short form: Andorra
- The origin of the name "Andorra" is not completely known.
- It is believed to be derived from al-Darra, the Arabic word for forest.
- French Count of Foix is said to have inherited the land of Andorra by marrying into a Spanish Lord’s family.
- Andorra came under dispute in the eleventh century.
- An agreement signed in 1278 divided the sovereignty of the land between the count of Foix and the bishop of La Seu d'Urgell, in Catalonia, Spain.
- King Henry IV of France issued an edict in 1607 that established the head of the French state and the Bishop of Urgell as co-princes of Andorra.
- During 1812–13, the First French Empire annexed Catalonia and divided it into four départements.
- In the annexure, Andorra was assigned to the district of Puigcerda.
- Until 1957, Andorra remained in an official state of belligerency as it was not included in the Versailles Peace Treaty.
- In 1933 France occupied Andorra after a period of social unrest.
- On July 12, 1934, Boris Skossyreff declared war on the bishop of Urgell.
- He was arrested and expelled from Spain.
- From 1936 to 1940, a French detachment was garrisoned in Andorra.
- During World War II, Andorra remained neutral.
- The country served as a smuggling route between Vichy France and Spain.
- Its political system was thoroughly modernized in 1993.
- It became a member of the United Nations and the Council of Europe in 1993.
- Andorrans are a minority in their own country.
- Majority of the population comprises of Spaniards, Portuguese, French, Britons and Italians .
- Andorrans have the world's longest life expectancy, cited at 83.5 years.
Government and Politics:
- Andorra has been run by a parliamentary democracy since March 1993.
- The two princes are the president of France and bishop of Seo de Urgel, Spain.
- They are represented locally by co-princes' representatives.
- The administrative divisions comprise of seven parishes namely- Andorra la Vella, Canillo, Encamp, Escaldes-Engordany, La Massana, Ordino, Sant Julia de Loria
- Andorra's first written constitution was drafted in 1991 and made effective on 28 April 1993.
- The legal system is based on French and Spanish civil codes.
- There is no judicial review of legislative acts and the country has not accepted compulsory ICJ jurisdiction.
- French Coprince Nicolas SARKOZY is the chief-of-state and is represented by Philippe MASSONI.
- Spanish Coprince Bishop Joan Enric VIVES i SICILIA is represented by Nemesi MARQUES i OSTE.
- Executive Council President Albert PINTAT SANTOLARIA is the head of the government since 27 May 2005.
- Executive Council president is elected by the General Council and formally appointed by the co-princes for a four-year term.
- The members of the unicameral General Council of the Valleys are elected by direct popular vote for a total of 28 seats.
- Andorra does not have a military base of its own.
- The responsibility of the country’s security rests with France and Spain.
- Andorra is one of only four nations (together with France, Monaco, and Turkey) that never signed the Council of Europe Framework Convention on National Minorities.
- The population of Andorra is predominantly Roman Catholic.
- Their patron saint is Our Lady of Meritxell.
- The official and historic language is Catalan.
- Spanish and French are also widely spoken.
- Andorran culture is rich in folktales and folklore.
- Andorran culture has contributed to the conglomerate of Catalan culture.
- Folk dances like the contrapas, marratxa and Saint Anne's dance are popular in some parishes.
- Andorran music has French and Spanish influences.
- Andorra's national holiday is Our Lady of Meritxell Day which is observed on September 8.
- The tourism industry makes for more than 80% of the GDP.
- The banking sector, with its partial "tax haven" status, also contributes substantially to the economy.
- Since agriculture is limited, most food items have to be imported.
- Most of the livestock comprises of sheep.
- Manufactured products include cigarettes, cigars and furniture.
- Andorra is treated as an EU member for trade in manufactured goods (no tariffs) and as a non-EU member for agricultural products.
- The GDP (purchasing power parity) as calculated in 2005 was $ 2.77 billion.
- The small agricultural produce comprises of rye, wheat, barley, oats and vegetables.
- The main industries are tourism (skiing), cattle raising, timber, banking, tobacco and furniture.
- Consumer goods and electricity are imported.
- Andorra has a wide network of roadways in the Pyrenees.
- Telephone and cellular services are well established.
- One channel is broadcast on the radio.
- Internet facilities are readily available.
- Education is compulsory for children until the age of 16.
- Education is provided by both French and Spanish language schools.
- The French government partially subsidizes education in Andorra's French-language schools.
- Schools in the southern section are supported by the church.
- The Roman Catholic Church has introduced the local language Catalan in the schools.
- About 50% of Andorran children attend French primary schools.
- The rest attend Spanish or Andorran school.
- The rest attend Spanish or Andorran school.
- The University of Andorra was established in July 1997.
- It mostly offers long-distance courses through universities in Spain and France.
- The majority of secondary graduates continue their education in France or Spain.
- Virtually the entire adult population is literate.
- Andorra also has a nursing school and a school of computer science.
- Andorra is located in Southwestern Europe between France and Spain
- Its Geographic coordinates are 42 30 N, 1 30 E
- The country spans over a total area of 468 sq km.
- It is a landlocked country.
- The climate is temperate with cold, snowy winters and warm, dry summers.
- The terrain is mostly mountainous.
- Coma Pedrosa is the highest peak standing at 2,946 meters.
- Only 2.13% of the total land is arable.
- Natural resources include hydropower, mineral water, timber, iron ore and lead.
- Avalanches are a common occurrence.
- Deforestation and pollution are major environmental concerns.
- Andorra was made a free country in 1278 under the joint suzerainty of the French Count of Foix and the Spanish Bishop of Urgel.
- Michele Gazier (Writer)
- Ramon Villero Castella (Writer)
- Antoni Fiter i Rossell (Author of the Manual Digest)
- Jacques Tremoulet (Creator of Radio Andorra)
- Alex Antor (Alpine skier, Olympics)
- Marc Bernaus (Footballer)
- Juli Fernandez ( Footballer)
- Melissandre Fuentes ( Figure skater)
- Hocine Haciane (Swimmer at the 2004 Summer Olympics)
- Ildefons Lima (Footballer)
- Antoni Morell (writer and lawyer)
- Oscar Sonejee (Footballer)
- Anonymous (Andorran band)
- Andorra is a booming tourist destination owing to its summer and winter resorts.
- Shopping is duty-free.
- According to a 2008 census, the population of Andorra was estimated to be 72,413.
- The annual population growth rate was calculated to be 0.797%.
- Birth rate: 8.23 births/1,000 population (2008 EST.)
- Death rate: 6.63 deaths/1,000 population (2008 EST.)
- Density: 154/km²
Andorra Related Topics:
Andorra Tourist Attractions:
- Esglesia de Sant Roma de les Bons
- Santa Coloma Church
- Sant Marti de la Cortinada Church
- Esglesia de Sant Esteve
- Esglesia de Sant Miquel d'Engolasters
- Placa del Poble
- Ordino-Arcalis Ski Area
- Coma Pedrosa
- Esglesia de Sant Marti de la Cortinada
- Esglesia de Sant Climent de Pal
- Arinsal and Pal Ski Area
- Lake Engolasters
- Pic de Medecourbe
- Casa de la Vell
- National Auto Mobile Museum
- Our Lady of Meritxell
- Sant Joan de Caselles Church
- Casa Plairal d'Areny de Plandolit