Alhambra is the last fortress of the eleventh-century Ziridian king. This was the only heritage he acquired when the Nasrid ruler Ibn al-Ahmar accepted Granada as his capital, but due to its reddish walls the hilltop was named as “Al Qal'a al-Hamra” which in Arabic stands for "the red fort". Ibn al-Ahmar reconstructed the Alcazaba and incorporated to it the great circuit of walls and towers which captures the first glimpse of the castle.
Within the walls he built a palace, which he brought running water by diverting the River Darro almost 8 km below the hill; water is an important part of the Alhambra and this classic feat was Ibn al-Ahmar's greatest bestowal. The Palacios Nazaríes was the contributions of his fourteenth-century successors, specifically Yusuf I and Mohammed V, who built and redecorated several of its rooms in commemoration of his accession to the throne (in 1354) and the taking of Algeciras (in 1369).
After their victory of the city, Fernando and Isabel stayed for some time in the Alhambra. They reconstructed some rooms and transformed the mosque but did not alter the palace structure. As at Córdoba and Sevilla, it was Emperor Carlos V and their grandson, who destroyed the most severe destruction, pulling down a whole wing of rooms in order to construct a Renaissance palace.
|Location:||Granada, Andalusia, Spain|
|Governing Body:||Ministry of Culture|
|UNESCO World Heritage Site|
|Official Name: Alhambra, Generalife and Albayzín, Granada|
|Criteria:||i, iii, iv|
|Designated:||1984 (8th session)
1994 (18th session - Extension)
|Region:||Europe and North America|
|Spanish Property of Cultural Interest|
|Official Name: La Alhambra|
|Designated:||10 February 1870|
|Reference #:||(R.I.) - 51 - 0000009 - 00000|
Alhambra was just neglected by his successors and by the eighteenth century the Palacios Nazaríes was used as a prison. In 1812 it was occupied by Napoleon's forces that invaded and damaged the entire sections of the palace, and on their withdrawal from the city attempted to blow up the complete complex. Their attempt was ward off only by the action of a soldier who stayed behind and discarded the fuses.
After two decades the Alhambra's "reconstruction" began, given emphasize by the American writer Washington Irving, who moved his study room in the empty palace rooms and began to write his great romantic Tales of the Alhambra (on sale all over Granada). Shortly after its publication, the Spaniards declared the Alhambra a national monument and ear marked funds for its restoration. This is still in progress and is now a highly delicate project scientifically removing the deposition of later ages in order to meticulously restoring the Moorish creations.
Although the Alhambra is currently devoid of furniture, and most of the rich colors of its decoration have faded away, we still have at least the testimony of its cause summed up for prosperity by the dynasty's moto, wa Ia galiba illa Allah, which appears several times in the decoration of its buildings amidst immense religious quotations and poetic lines, as testimony of a spirit alive beyond simply material constructions.
The Palace of Charles V, brings to mind surprisingly the buildings of Italian renaissance. The cause is that its architect, Pedro Machuca, was a student of Michelangelo in Florence. Today there are many museums inside of the palace: the National Museum of Spanish-Moorish Art, where you can witness among many other important substances the popular seven jars of the Alhambra, works of glass-ceramics, and the Museum of Arts, basically with works of the granadinian school between 15th to 20th century.
June to September is considered to be the Spain’s hottest periods and the not-to-be missed period of open-air terrazas and music consorts. Northern Spain’s summer season basically spans from warm to slightly cool. The south and central part of the country, nonetheless, consistently reels under high temperatures and heat waves. As such, August is the ideal time to hit the beach, lie low in front of a fan, or go out of the country for a vacation.
January is the chilling time of the year in Spain, and December to March is the coldest months, awesome for skiing in the mountains. Spanish winters are typically cold and dry, but milder than in neighboring Western countries.
Spain in the spring and fall is mostly temperate and stretched from warm to cool, though at times summer and winter can overpower the other seasons, transforming four seasons into almost two often.