Capital: Algiers
National anthem: Kassaman
Continent: Africa
Currency: Algerian dinar
President: Abdelaziz Bouteflika
Official language: Arabic Language
Points of interest: Ketchaoua Mosque, Tassili n'Ajjer

Name of the Country:

  • Conventional long form: People's Democratic Republic of Algeria
  • Conventional short form:Algeria
  • Local long form: Al Jumhuriyah al Jaza'iriyah ad Dimuqratiyah ash Sha'biyah
  • Local short form: Al Jaza'ir


  • Al-jaza’ir is derived from the original name jaza’ir bani mazghanna,
  • The name translates into "the islands of (the tribe) Bani Mazghanna".
  • The word was first used to represent the region by al-Idrisi and Yaqut al-Hamawi.


  • Evidence of primitive humans has been found in the Algeria region.
  • Phoenician traders settled on the Mediterranean coast in the 1st millennium B.C.
  • Primarily a Roman colony, Algeria was conquered by the Vandals in 440 AD.
  • Algeria remained an uncivilized society till Arabs took over in 650 AD.
  • The Christianity dominated region was now converted to Islam.
  • Algeria came under the rule of Ottoman Empire in 1536.
  • To get rid of the Barbary pirates, the French occupied Algeria in 1830.
  • Algeria was made a part of France in 1848.
  • Algerian independence movements led to the uprisings of 1954–1955.
  • Algeria became socialist in 1963.
  • In 1980, there were riots over Arabicbecoming the official language.
  • A civil war ensued in 1992 that ended in 1999.
  • In 2001 violence by Islamic militants was rampant in the nation.
  • Algeria's most destructive earthquake struck near the capital on May 21, 2003.
  • In April 2007, suicide bombers attacked a government building in Algiers and a police station on the outskirts of the capital.

Algeria Flag


  • Majority of the population is concentrated along the coastal regions.
  • The inhabitants of the Saharan region mostly reside around the oases.
  • About 1.5 million people in Algeria are nomadic.
  • 97% of the population is classified ethnically as Berber/Arab
  • The dominant religious sects in Algeria are Sunni Muslim.
  • Non-Sunni Muslims comprise of Ibadis, Roman Catholics, Protestants and Jews.
  • Berber people are divided into several ethnic groups like Kabyle, Chaoui, Mozabites and Tuareg.
  • Black populations are also found sporadically in some regions.
  • Arabic, Berber and French are the official languages in Algeria.
  • The colloquial language is Algerian Arabic.
  • The Berbers speak one of the various dialects of Tamazight.
  • There are eighteen living languages in Algeria.

Government & Politics

  • Algeria is run by a Presidential Republic government
  • The president is the head of the state who is elected to a five year term.
  • The President heads the Council of Ministers and appoints the Prime Minister.
  • The Prime Minister in Algeria appoints the Council of Ministers.
  • The Algerian parliament is bicameral.
  • The Algeria Parliament consists of the National People's Assembly (APN), with 380 members; and the Council of Nation, with 144 members.
  • The APN is elected every five years.
  • Algeria is a multi-party state.
  • All parties must be approved by the Ministry of the Interior.

Airports in Algeria:

Adrar Airport Gara Djebilet Airport Jijel Airport Mohamed Boudiaf Airport Skikda Airport
Aguemar Airport Guemar Airport Kouba Airport Mostaganem Airport Tafaraoui Airport
Ain Beida Airport Houari Boumediene Airport Laghouat Airport Newark Liberty International Airport Tbessa Airport
Ain Eddis Airport Illizi Airport Leger Airport Noumerate Airport Timimoun Airport
Ain El Bey Airport In Amenas Airport Les Salines Airport Oued Irara Apt Airport Tindouf Airport
Batna Airport In Salah Airport Mascara-Ghriss Airport Setif Airport Touggourt Airport
Bejaia Airport Inedbirenne Airport Mechria Airport Sidi Belabbes Airport Zenata Airport
Bordj Badji Mokhtar Airport Bouchekif Abde Al-hafidh Boussof Airport Djamet Airport Es Senia Airport  


  • Modern Algerian literature has produced famous novelists and writers.
  • Algerian culture is strongly influenced by Islam.
  • The Algerian musical genre known as raï is very popular internationally.
  • Other classic musical genres are Kabvle and Andalusi.
  • Algeria also has a few notable artists and painters.


  • According to a 2007 report, the GDP/PPP was estimated to be $268.9 billion; per capita $8,100.
  • The real growth rate of the country is 4.6%.
  • 14.1% of Algerian youth is unemployed.
  • Algeria has a total of 3.17% of arable land.
  • The main agricultureproduce comprise of wheat, barley, oats, grapes, olives, citrus and fruits.
  • Animal livestock is also a large source of income.
  • The main industries in Algeria are petroleum, natural gas, light industries, mining, electrical, petrochemical and food processing.


  • Housing and health-care facilities in Algeria are still a problem in the country.
  • According to government statistics, there is a shortage of 1.5 million housing units in Algeria.
  • In large number of women contribute to the family income, often more than men.


  • Educationis compulsory for children upto 15 years of age in Algeria.
  • There are 10 universities, 7 colleges, and 5 institutes for higher learning.
  • The University of Algiers is the main center for higher learning.
  • The Algerian school system is structured into Basic, General Secondary, and Technical Secondary levels.

Neighbouring Countries

Algeria is surrounded by:

  • Morocco (west)
  • Tunisia ( east)
  • Libya (east)
  • The Mediterranean Sea (north)
  • Mauritania, Mali, and Niger (south)

Geographical Settings

  • Algeria’s geographical location is 36°42'N, 3°13'E.
  • 85% of the country’s area is covered by the Sahara desert.
  • The highest point is Mount Tahat in the Sahara which stands at 3,000 m.
  • Large parts of the coastline are hilly or mountainous.
  • The area from the coast to the Tell Atlas is fertile.
  • Climatic conditions are temperate with mild Mediterranean climate.
  • Rainfall is highly variable throughout the region.


  • Algeria was proclaimed independent on July 5, 1962

Eminent Personalities

  • Frantz Fanon (philosopher)
  • Jacques Derrida (philosopher and linguist)
  • Mohammed Dib, Albert Camus,Kateb Yacine, Assia Djebar ,Rachid Mimouniand Tahar Djaout (famous novelists)
  • Khaled and Cheb Mami (Internationally known singers)
  • Idir, Ait Menguellet and Lounès Matoub (classical musicians)
  • Potent C (music group)
  • Mohammed Khadda (artist)
  • M'Hamed Issiakhem (artist)

Famous For

  • Algeria is famous for its beautiful desert landscapesand historical monuments.
  • M'Zab Valley is a limestonevalley containing a large urbanized oasis.
  • The Casbah of Algiers is an important citadel.
  • The only natural World Heritage Site is the Tassili n'Ajjer mountain range.
  • UNESCO World Heritage Sites in Algeria include:
    • Al Qal'a of Beni Hammad
    • Tipasa
    • Djémila
    • Timgad

Total Population

  • According to a 2008 estimate, the total population was estimated to be 33,739,635.
  • The annual growth rate was calculated to be 1.2%

Algeria Related Topics:

» List of Shipping Companies in Algeria » Sports in Algeria » Algeria Airports » Nobel Prize Winners Algeria » Colleges and Universities in Algeria

Algeria Tourist Attractions:

  • Ketchaoua Mosque
  • Maqam Echahid
  • Gourya National Park
  • Tassili n'Ajjer
  • Great Moseque of Algiers
  • Bardo National Museum of Prehistory and Ethnography
  • Beni Hammad Fort
  • Atlas Mountains
  • Basilique Saint Augustin
  • M'zad
  • Museum of Aniquities
  • Great Mosque of Tlemcen
  • Notre Dame d'Afrique
  • EI Kala National Park
  • National Museum of Fine Arts of Algiers