National anthem: Kassaman
Currency: Algerian dinar
President: Abdelaziz Bouteflika
Official language: Arabic Language
Points of interest: Ketchaoua Mosque, Tassili n'Ajjer
Name of the Country:
- Conventional long form: People's Democratic Republic of Algeria
- Conventional short form:Algeria
- Local long form: Al Jumhuriyah al Jaza'iriyah ad Dimuqratiyah ash Sha'biyah
- Local short form: Al Jaza'ir
- Al-jaza’ir is derived from the original name jaza’ir bani mazghanna,
- The name translates into "the islands of (the tribe) Bani Mazghanna".
- The word was first used to represent the region by al-Idrisi and Yaqut al-Hamawi.
- Evidence of primitive humans has been found in the Algeria region.
- Phoenician traders settled on the Mediterranean coast in the 1st millennium B.C.
- Primarily a Roman colony, Algeria was conquered by the Vandals in 440 AD.
- Algeria remained an uncivilized society till Arabs took over in 650 AD.
- The Christianity dominated region was now converted to Islam.
- Algeria came under the rule of Ottoman Empire in 1536.
- To get rid of the Barbary pirates, the French occupied Algeria in 1830.
- Algeria was made a part of France in 1848.
- Algerian independence movements led to the uprisings of 1954–1955.
- Algeria became socialist in 1963.
- In 1980, there were riots over Arabicbecoming the official language.
- A civil war ensued in 1992 that ended in 1999.
- In 2001 violence by Islamic militants was rampant in the nation.
- Algeria's most destructive earthquake struck near the capital on May 21, 2003.
- In April 2007, suicide bombers attacked a government building in Algiers and a police station on the outskirts of the capital.
- Majority of the population is concentrated along the coastal regions.
- The inhabitants of the Saharan region mostly reside around the oases.
- About 1.5 million people in Algeria are nomadic.
- 97% of the population is classified ethnically as Berber/Arab
- The dominant religious sects in Algeria are Sunni Muslim.
- Non-Sunni Muslims comprise of Ibadis, Roman Catholics, Protestants and Jews.
- Berber people are divided into several ethnic groups like Kabyle, Chaoui, Mozabites and Tuareg.
- Black populations are also found sporadically in some regions.
- Arabic, Berber and French are the official languages in Algeria.
- The colloquial language is Algerian Arabic.
- The Berbers speak one of the various dialects of Tamazight.
- There are eighteen living languages in Algeria.
Government & Politics
- Algeria is run by a Presidential Republic government
- The president is the head of the state who is elected to a five year term.
- The President heads the Council of Ministers and appoints the Prime Minister.
- The Prime Minister in Algeria appoints the Council of Ministers.
- The Algerian parliament is bicameral.
- The Algeria Parliament consists of the National People's Assembly (APN), with 380 members; and the Council of Nation, with 144 members.
- The APN is elected every five years.
- Algeria is a multi-party state.
- All parties must be approved by the Ministry of the Interior.
Airports in Algeria:
- Modern Algerian literature has produced famous novelists and writers.
- Algerian culture is strongly influenced by Islam.
- The Algerian musical genre known as raï is very popular internationally.
- Other classic musical genres are Kabvle and Andalusi.
- Algeria also has a few notable artists and painters.
- According to a 2007 report, the GDP/PPP was estimated to be $268.9 billion; per capita $8,100.
- The real growth rate of the country is 4.6%.
- 14.1% of Algerian youth is unemployed.
- Algeria has a total of 3.17% of arable land.
- The main agricultureproduce comprise of wheat, barley, oats, grapes, olives, citrus and fruits.
- Animal livestock is also a large source of income.
- The main industries in Algeria are petroleum, natural gas, light industries, mining, electrical, petrochemical and food processing.
- Housing and health-care facilities in Algeria are still a problem in the country.
- According to government statistics, there is a shortage of 1.5 million housing units in Algeria.
- In large number of women contribute to the family income, often more than men.
- Educationis compulsory for children upto 15 years of age in Algeria.
- There are 10 universities, 7 colleges, and 5 institutes for higher learning.
- The University of Algiers is the main center for higher learning.
- The Algerian school system is structured into Basic, General Secondary, and Technical Secondary levels.
Algeria is surrounded by:
- Morocco (west)
- Tunisia ( east)
- Libya (east)
- The Mediterranean Sea (north)
- Mauritania, Mali, and Niger (south)
- Algeria’s geographical location is 36°42'N, 3°13'E.
- 85% of the country’s area is covered by the Sahara desert.
- The highest point is Mount Tahat in the Sahara which stands at 3,000 m.
- Large parts of the coastline are hilly or mountainous.
- The area from the coast to the Tell Atlas is fertile.
- Climatic conditions are temperate with mild Mediterranean climate.
- Rainfall is highly variable throughout the region.
- Algeria was proclaimed independent on July 5, 1962
- Frantz Fanon (philosopher)
- Jacques Derrida (philosopher and linguist)
- Mohammed Dib, Albert Camus,Kateb Yacine, Assia Djebar ,Rachid Mimouniand Tahar Djaout (famous novelists)
- Khaled and Cheb Mami (Internationally known singers)
- Idir, Ait Menguellet and Lounès Matoub (classical musicians)
- Potent C (music group)
- Mohammed Khadda (artist)
- M'Hamed Issiakhem (artist)
- Algeria is famous for its beautiful desert landscapesand historical monuments.
- M'Zab Valley is a limestonevalley containing a large urbanized oasis.
- The Casbah of Algiers is an important citadel.
- The only natural World Heritage Site is the Tassili n'Ajjer mountain range.
- UNESCO World Heritage Sites in Algeria include:
- Al Qal'a of Beni Hammad
- According to a 2008 estimate, the total population was estimated to be 33,739,635.
- The annual growth rate was calculated to be 1.2%
Algeria Related Topics:
Algeria Tourist Attractions:
- Ketchaoua Mosque
- Maqam Echahid
- Gourya National Park
- Tassili n'Ajjer
- Great Moseque of Algiers
- Bardo National Museum of Prehistory and Ethnography
- Beni Hammad Fort
- Atlas Mountains
- Basilique Saint Augustin
- Museum of Aniquities
- Great Mosque of Tlemcen
- Notre Dame d'Afrique
- EI Kala National Park
- National Museum of Fine Arts of Algiers