Albania

Capital: Tirana
Currency: Albanian lek
President: Bujar Nishani
Continent: Europe
Population: 3.162 million (2012) World Bank

Name of the Country:

  • Conventional long form: Territory of American Samoa
  • Conventional short form:American Samoa
  • Abbreviation: AS

History

  • Samoan Islands are said to have been inhabited as early as 1000 BC.
  • Samoa was not reached by European explorers until the eighteenth century.
  • Most Pacific Islands including American Samoa were once under Manua’s occupation.
  • The islands were accidently discovered by the Dutch in the eighteenth century.
  • In 1830, western missionaries came to the region to preach Christianity.
  • The Samoan Congregationalist Church became the first independent indigenous church of the South Pacific.
  • In March 1889, a German naval force invaded Samoa.
  • In 1899, The Treaty of Berlin divided the Samoan archipelago between the US and Germany.
  • Since 1962, the western islands have been an independent nation.
  • The eastern portion has been occupied by the United States.

Albania-Flag

Demographics

  • Majority of the inhabitants are Pacific Islanders.
  • Minority ethnic groups include Asian, White and mixed races.

Government and Politics:

  • American Samoa is run by a presidential representative democratic dependent government.
  • The Governor is the head of the government and a pluriform multi-party system.
  • American Samoa is an unincorporated and unorganized territory of the United States.
  • Administration is handlied by the Office of Insular Affairs, U.S. Department of the Interior.
  • Its constitution was ratified in 1966 and came into effect in 1967.
  • Executive power is exercised by the government.
  • Legislative power lies with the two chambers of the legislature.
  • The American political parties (Republican and Democratic) operate in American Samoa.
  • The judiciary is independent of the executive and the legislature.
  • The "fa'amatai" and the "fa'asamoa", is the traditional village council with a chief.
  • The Fa'amatai and the Fono exist at all levels of the Samoan body politics.
  • The majority of lands in American Samoa and independent Samoa are communal.
  • Residents of American Samoa are American nationals but not US citizens.
  • Samoans are entitled to elect one non-voting delegate to the United States House of Representatives.
  • American Samoa is administratively divided into three districts and two "unorganized" atolls.
  • The districts and unorganized atolls are subdivided into 74 villages.
  • Fagatogo is listed in the Constitution of American Samoa as the official seat of government.

Culture:

  • American Samoa shares the same culture as Independent Samoa.
  • Majority of the people are Christian Congregationalist, Roman Catholic, and Protestant.
  • The chief languages in use are Samoan and English.
  • Few people speak Tongan and Pacific Islander.
  • Most people are bilingual.
  • The people have managed to preserve their rich Polynesian traditions and heritage.
  • Families and communities are large and closely integrated.
  • The power of authority and decision making lies with the elder of the family.
  • Coconut, seafood, seaweed and fruits form the major part of Samoan cuisine.
  • People are adept at handicrafts like mats, ornaments and jewelry.
  • Rugby Union, Football and Samoan Cricket are the most popular sports played in the Polynesian Islands.
  • Wrestling is also a popular recreational activity and some have seen success in the competitive wrestling arena in America.
  • Music and film are also prevalent in the American Samoan culture.

Economy:

  • Employment opportunities comprise of public sector, private sector and tuna canneries.
  • Majority of the public sector employees’ work for the American Samoa Government.
  • The two tuna canneries (StarKist and Samoa Packing) export several hundred million dollars worth of canned tuna to the United States.
  • American Samoa has a limited economy.
  • In 2007, the Fair Minimum Wage Act increased the minimum per-hour wages by $0.50.

Infrastructure:

  • Freshwater supplies are limited in American Samoa.
  • The government has made attempts in the past few years to improve water catchments and pipelines.
  • Pago Pago has one of the best natural deepwater harbors in the South Pacific Ocean.
  • American Samoa is served by one major airline and two commuter airlines.
  • There are two national channels and one daily newspaper in print.
  • Telephone (including cellular phone service) and internet service is readily available.

Education:

  • 97% of the total population is literate.
  • Male: 98%
  • Female: 97%

Neighbour Countries:

  • American Samoa is a chain of Polynesian islands.

Geographical Settings:

  • American Samoa is part of the Oceania, group of islands in the South Pacific Ocean.
  • Its geographical coordinates are 14 20 S, 170 00 W.
  • The islands span over an area of 199 sq km.
  • The coastline is 116 km long.
  • The islands enjoy a tropical marine climate.
  • The climate is moderated by southeast trade winds.
  • Annual rainfall averages about 3 m.
  • The country has five volcanic islands and limited coastal plains.
  • Two coral atolls are present on Rose Island and Swains Island.
  • Lata Mountain is the highest mountain standing at 964 m.
  • Only 10% of the land area is arable.
  • Typhoons are common from December to March.

Freedom

  • The American Samoa is presently occupied by the United States.

Eminent Personalities

  • Jane Campion (Film –maker)
  • Lucy Lawless (Actor)
  • Margaret Mead (anthropologist and author)

Famous for:

  • The islands are popular among tourists for coral reefs and beautiful beaches.
  • The city of Pago Pago has a magnificent harbor ringed by densely forested mountains.
  • American Samoans proudly retain their cultural heritage.
  • Mt. Alava is a coastal volcanic mountain which provides stunning scenic views.
  • Jean P. Haydon Museum of American Samoa is a national historic building that formerly housed the United States Navy Commissary during World War II.
  • American Samoa also has a newly developed National Park.

Total Population:

  • According to a 2008 census, the total population was estimated to be 57,496.
  • The annual growth rate was calculated to be -0.322%.
  • The birth rate is 21.24 births/1,000 populations (2008 EST.)
  • The death rate is 3.24 deaths/1,000 populations (2008 EST.)

Albania Related Topics:

» Albania Travel Agencies » Albania Maps » Sports in Albania » Colleges and Universities in Albania

Albania Tourist Attractions:

  • Et'hem Bey Mosque
  • National Art Gallery of Albania
  • Natural Sciences Museum of Albania
  • Skanderbeg Monument
  • National Museum of Medieval Art
  • National Archaeological Museum, Tirana

 

  • National Historical Museum
  • Albania Riviera
  • Gjirokaster Fortress
  • TID Tower
  • Tirane
  • The White Spring
  • Rozafa Castle
  • Drin

 

  • Skanderbeg Square
  • Lake Skadar
  • Qemal Stafa Stadium
  • Selman Stermasi Stadium
  • Pogradec Castle
  • Berat National Ethnographic Museum
  • Lekuresi Castle
  • Mount Dajt
  • Lane
  • Berat Castle
  • Durres Archaeological Museum
  • Gjirokaster Ethnographic Museum
  • Bratko Museum
  • Butrint National Park