Currency: Albanian lek
President: Bujar Nishani
Population: 3.162 million (2012) World Bank
Name of the Country:
- Conventional long form: Territory of American Samoa
- Conventional short form:American Samoa
- Abbreviation: AS
- Samoan Islands are said to have been inhabited as early as 1000 BC.
- Samoa was not reached by European explorers until the eighteenth century.
- Most Pacific Islands including American Samoa were once under Manua’s occupation.
- The islands were accidently discovered by the Dutch in the eighteenth century.
- In 1830, western missionaries came to the region to preach Christianity.
- The Samoan Congregationalist Church became the first independent indigenous church of the South Pacific.
- In March 1889, a German naval force invaded Samoa.
- In 1899, The Treaty of Berlin divided the Samoan archipelago between the US and Germany.
- Since 1962, the western islands have been an independent nation.
- The eastern portion has been occupied by the United States.
- Majority of the inhabitants are Pacific Islanders.
- Minority ethnic groups include Asian, White and mixed races.
Government and Politics:
- American Samoa is run by a presidential representative democratic dependent government.
- The Governor is the head of the government and a pluriform multi-party system.
- American Samoa is an unincorporated and unorganized territory of the United States.
- Administration is handlied by the Office of Insular Affairs, U.S. Department of the Interior.
- Its constitution was ratified in 1966 and came into effect in 1967.
- Executive power is exercised by the government.
- Legislative power lies with the two chambers of the legislature.
- The American political parties (Republican and Democratic) operate in American Samoa.
- The judiciary is independent of the executive and the legislature.
- The "fa'amatai" and the "fa'asamoa", is the traditional village council with a chief.
- The Fa'amatai and the Fono exist at all levels of the Samoan body politics.
- The majority of lands in American Samoa and independent Samoa are communal.
- Residents of American Samoa are American nationals but not US citizens.
- Samoans are entitled to elect one non-voting delegate to the United States House of Representatives.
- American Samoa is administratively divided into three districts and two "unorganized" atolls.
- The districts and unorganized atolls are subdivided into 74 villages.
- Fagatogo is listed in the Constitution of American Samoa as the official seat of government.
- American Samoa shares the same culture as Independent Samoa.
- Majority of the people are Christian Congregationalist, Roman Catholic, and Protestant.
- The chief languages in use are Samoan and English.
- Few people speak Tongan and Pacific Islander.
- Most people are bilingual.
- The people have managed to preserve their rich Polynesian traditions and heritage.
- Families and communities are large and closely integrated.
- The power of authority and decision making lies with the elder of the family.
- Coconut, seafood, seaweed and fruits form the major part of Samoan cuisine.
- People are adept at handicrafts like mats, ornaments and jewelry.
- Rugby Union, Football and Samoan Cricket are the most popular sports played in the Polynesian Islands.
- Wrestling is also a popular recreational activity and some have seen success in the competitive wrestling arena in America.
- Music and film are also prevalent in the American Samoan culture.
- Employment opportunities comprise of public sector, private sector and tuna canneries.
- Majority of the public sector employees’ work for the American Samoa Government.
- The two tuna canneries (StarKist and Samoa Packing) export several hundred million dollars worth of canned tuna to the United States.
- American Samoa has a limited economy.
- In 2007, the Fair Minimum Wage Act increased the minimum per-hour wages by $0.50.
- Freshwater supplies are limited in American Samoa.
- The government has made attempts in the past few years to improve water catchments and pipelines.
- Pago Pago has one of the best natural deepwater harbors in the South Pacific Ocean.
- American Samoa is served by one major airline and two commuter airlines.
- There are two national channels and one daily newspaper in print.
- Telephone (including cellular phone service) and internet service is readily available.
- 97% of the total population is literate.
- Male: 98%
- Female: 97%
- American Samoa is a chain of Polynesian islands.
- American Samoa is part of the Oceania, group of islands in the South Pacific Ocean.
- Its geographical coordinates are 14 20 S, 170 00 W.
- The islands span over an area of 199 sq km.
- The coastline is 116 km long.
- The islands enjoy a tropical marine climate.
- The climate is moderated by southeast trade winds.
- Annual rainfall averages about 3 m.
- The country has five volcanic islands and limited coastal plains.
- Two coral atolls are present on Rose Island and Swains Island.
- Lata Mountain is the highest mountain standing at 964 m.
- Only 10% of the land area is arable.
- Typhoons are common from December to March.
- The American Samoa is presently occupied by the United States.
- Jane Campion (Film –maker)
- Lucy Lawless (Actor)
- Margaret Mead (anthropologist and author)
- The islands are popular among tourists for coral reefs and beautiful beaches.
- The city of Pago Pago has a magnificent harbor ringed by densely forested mountains.
- American Samoans proudly retain their cultural heritage.
- Mt. Alava is a coastal volcanic mountain which provides stunning scenic views.
- Jean P. Haydon Museum of American Samoa is a national historic building that formerly housed the United States Navy Commissary during World War II.
- American Samoa also has a newly developed National Park.
- According to a 2008 census, the total population was estimated to be 57,496.
- The annual growth rate was calculated to be -0.322%.
- The birth rate is 21.24 births/1,000 populations (2008 EST.)
- The death rate is 3.24 deaths/1,000 populations (2008 EST.)
Albania Related Topics:
Albania Tourist Attractions:
- Et'hem Bey Mosque
- National Art Gallery of Albania
- Natural Sciences Museum of Albania
- Skanderbeg Monument
- National Museum of Medieval Art
- National Archaeological Museum, Tirana
- National Historical Museum
- Albania Riviera
- Gjirokaster Fortress
- TID Tower
- The White Spring
- Rozafa Castle
- Skanderbeg Square
- Lake Skadar
- Qemal Stafa Stadium
- Selman Stermasi Stadium
- Pogradec Castle
- Berat National Ethnographic Museum
- Lekuresi Castle
- Mount Dajt
- Berat Castle
- Durres Archaeological Museum
- Gjirokaster Ethnographic Museum
- Bratko Museum
- Butrint National Park