Alaska Politics

The Alaska was discovered by Vitus Bering, a Danish sea captain worked for Russia during his expedition along with his assistant Alex Chirikof in July 15, 1741. Thus it owned to the Russian Empire initially. But in 1867, the Russian Empire reached an agreement with U.S. senate for selling Alaska to U.S. Thus Alaska was Purchased by United States for 7.2 $, at about two cents per acre. Alaska achieved its Statehood in 1958 and thus became the 48th state of United States.

Political Parties In Alaska

Following are the Alaska’s most important political parties:

Alaska Democratic Party

Alaska’s most important Democratic Party political organization is the Alaska Democratic Party. Its headquarters is situated in Anchorage. The party holds one seat in U.S. senate. Lyndon B Johnson was the first person to participate in the presidential election. This election was held on 1964 and he attained the victory over Barry Gold Water. In 2009, the party was found to have 75,047 members and thus considered as Alaska’s second largest party.

Alaska Democratic Party
Alaska Democratic Party Chairman Patti Higgins
Alaska Democratic Party Senate Leader Johnny Ellis, Majority Leader
Alaska Democratic Party House Leader Beth Kerttula
Alaska Democratic Party Ideology American Liberalism
Progressivism
Conservatism
Right-libertarianism
Alaska Democratic Party National Affiliation Democratic Party
Alaska Democratic Party Color(s) Red and Blue
Alaska Democratic Party Website http://www.alaskademocrats.org/

Alaskan Independence Party

This party was started with the aim of obtaining the right to vote for the Alaskan citizens on statehood. Joe Vogler is known as the Father of Alaskan Independence party. Alaskan Independence Party Participated in the Presidential election for the first time in 1992 when they formally supported Howard Phillips who was the candidate of U.S. Taxpayers party. In 2009, the party was found to have 13,119 and hence considered as Alaska’s third largest party.
 

Alaskan Independence Party
Alaskan Independence Party Chairperson Lynette Clark
Alaskan Independence Party Senate Leader None
Alaskan Independence Party House Leader None
Alaskan Independence Party Founded early 1970s (1984 "officially recognized" as political party by the state of Alaska)
Alaskan Independence Party Headquarters 2521 Old Steese Hwy. N.
Fairbanks, Alaska
99712
Alaskan Independence Party Ideology Libertarianism, Alaskan Sovereignty, Paleoconservatism, Conservatism
Alaskan Independence Party International affiliation None
Alaskan Independence Party Official colors Blue and Gold
Alaskan Independence Party Seats in the Senate 0
Alaskan Independence Party Seats in the House 0

Green Party of Alaska

It is the state party organization of the Green Party of the United States. Its local divisions are based on bioregions instead of usual political divisions. It is the only political party of Alaska which opposes the development of oil industry and also supports alternative energy sources like Wind energy and solar energy. The party gained ballot access for the first time in 1990. It was lost in 2002 but regained the political status in 2003. It was lost once again in 2005 which was later regained in 2006.

Republican Moderate Party of Alaska

The Republican moderate party of Alaska was founded in 1986 by Ray Metcalfe. In 2006, the party was found to have 4,752 registered members. From the Republican Moderate Party only just one candidate won the election, it was in 2002 election for state senate.

Republican Party of Alaska

In 2009, the party was found to have 124,892 members and thus considered as Alaska’s dominant or largest political party. The party holds one seat in the U.S. senate. The Presidential elections conducted in the recent elections were won by the Republicans. The last election which was held on 2008 was won by John McCain over Barak Obama by 59.42% votes.

Elections In Alaska

  1. The Legislature election of Alaska is conducted in every two years.
  2. The municipal elections are conducted in yearly basis at the capital city Juneau.
  3. In Alaska the Gubernatorial elections are held after every four years.
  4. The United States House of Representatives elections are conducted after every two years.
  5. In the United States Senate Election, the Alaska has two senators: Class 11 senator and class 111 senator. The election is held after every five years.
  6. Alaska also participates in the U.S. Presidential election conducted after every four years.

Alaska Political Correction Probe

The Alaska Political Correction Probe was formed in 2004 with the aim of investigating the Alaskan politician’s official action towards the oil industry, private corrections industry and fisheries industry. The political corruptions are investigated by the Federal Bureau of Investigation, Public Integrity Section of the United States Department of Justice and Internal Revenue Service.

Commanders of the Department of Alaska

S.No Commander Took office Left office
United States Army
1 Brevet Major General Jefferson C. Davis October 18, 1867 August 31, 1870
2 Brevet Lieutenant Colonel George K. Brady September 1, 1870 September 22, 1870
3 Maj. John C. Tidball September 23, 1870 September 19, 1871
4 Maj. Harvey A. Allen September 20, 1871 January 3, 1873
5 Maj. Joseph Stewart January 4, 1873 April 20, 1874
6 Captain George R. Rodney April 21, 1874 August 16, 1874
7 Capt. Joseph B. Campbell August 17, 1874 June 14, 1876
8 Capt. John Mendenhall June 15, 1876 March 4, 1877
9 Capt. Arthur Morris March 5, 1877 June 14, 1877
United States Department of the Treasury
10 Montgomery P. Berry June 14, 1877 August 13, 1877
11 H.C. DeAhna August 14, 1877 March 26, 1878
12 Mottrom D. Ball March 27, 1878 June 13, 1879
United States Navy
13 Capt. Lester A. Beardslee June 14, 1879 September 12, 1880
14 Commander Henry Glass September 13, 1880 August 9, 1881
15 Cmdr. Edward P. Lull August 10, 1881 October 18, 1881
16 Cmdr. Henry Glass October 19, 1881 March 12, 1882
17 Cmdr. Frederick Pearson March 13, 1882 October 3, 1882
18 Cmdr. Edgar C. Merriman October 4, 1882 September 13, 1883
19 Cmdr. Joseph B. Coghlan September 15, 1883 September 13, 1884
20 Cmdr. Henry E. Nichols September 14, 1884 September 15, 1884

Governors of the District of Alaska

Governor Took Office Left Office Appointed by
John Henry Kinkead July 4, 1884 May 7, 1885 Chester A. Arthur
Alfred P. Swineford May 7, 1885 April 20, 1889 Grover Cleveland
Lyman Enos Knapp April 20, 1889 June 18, 1893 Benjamin Harrison
James Sheakley June 18, 1893 June 23, 1897 Grover Cleveland
John Green Brady June 23, 1897 March 2, 1906 William McKinley
Wilford Bacon Hoggatt March 2, 1906 May 20, 1909 Theodore Roosevelt
Walter Eli Clark May 20, 1909 April 18, 1913 William Howard Taft

Governors of the Territory of Alaska

Governor Took Office Left Office Appointed by
John Franklin Alexander Strong April 18, 1913 April 12, 1918 Woodrow Wilson
Thomas Christmas Riggs, Jr. April 12, 1918 June 16, 1921 Woodrow Wilson
Scott Cordelle Bone June 16, 1921 August 16, 1925 Warren G. Harding
George Alexander Parks August 16, 1925 April 19, 1933 Calvin Coolidge
John Weir Troy April 19, 1933 December 6, 1939 Franklin Delano Roosevelt
Ernest Gruening December 6, 1939 April 10, 1953 Franklin Delano Roosevelt
Benjamin Franklin Heintzleman April 10, 1953 January 3, 1957 Dwight D. Eisenhower
Waino Edward Hendrickson January 3, 1957 April 8, 1957 acting
Michael Anthony Stepovich April 8, 1957 August 9, 1958 .Dwight D. Eisenhower
Waino Edward Hendrickson August 9, 1958 January 3, 1959 acting

Governors of the State of Alaska

S.No Governor Term Start Term End Party Lieutenant Governor
1 William A. Egan January 3, 1959 December 5, 1966 Democratic Hugh Wade
2 Wally Hickel December 5, 1966 January 29, 1969 Republican Keith Miller
3 Keith Miller January 29, 1969 December 7, 1970 Republican Robert W. Ward
4 William A. Egan December 7, 1970 December 2, 1974 Democratic H. A. "Red" Boucher
5 Jay Hammond December 2, 1974 December 6, 1982 Republican Lowell Thomas, Jr.
Terry Miller
6 Bill Sheffield December 6, 1982 December 1, 1986 Democratic Stephen McAlpine
7 Steve Cowper December 1, 1986 December 3, 1990 Democratic Stephen McAlpine
8 Wally Hickel December 3, 1990 December 5, 1994 Alaskan Independence Jack Coghill
Republican
9 Tony Knowles December 5, 1994 December 2, 2002 Democratic Fran Ulmer
10 Frank Murkowski December 2, 2002 December 4, 2006 Republican Loren Leman
11 Sarah Palin December 4, 2006 July 26, 2009 Republican Sean Parnell
12 Sean Parnell July 26, 2009 incumbent Republican Craig Campbell

Other High Offices Held

Governor Gubernatorial Term Other Offices Geld
John Henry Kinkead 1884–1885 (district) Governor of Nevada
James Sheakley 1893–1897 (district) U.S. Representative from Pennsylvania
Ernest Gruening 1939–1953 (territorial) U.S. Senator
Wally Hickel 1966–1969, 1990–1994 U.S. Secretary of the Interior*
Frank Murkowski 2002–2006 U.S. Senator†

Living Former Governors

Governor Gubernatorial Term Date of Birth
Michael Anthony Stepovich 1957–1958 (territorial) March 12, 1919 (age 91)
Keith Miller 1969–1970 March 1, 1925 (age 85)
Bill Sheffield 1982–1986 June 26, 1928 (age 82)
Steve Cowper 1986–1990 August 21, 1938 (age 71)
Tony Knowles 1994–2002 January 1, 1943 (age 67)
Frank Murkowski 2002–2006 March 28, 1933 (age 77)
Sarah Palin 2006–2009 February 11, 1964 (age 46)

List of United States Senators from Alaska

Class 2

# Senator Party Took office Left office Notes/other offices Term Electoral history
1 Bob Bartlett Democratic January 3, 1959 December 11, 1968 Delegate to the U.S. House of Representatives
(1945–1959)
1 Elected in 1958
2 Re-elected in 1960
3 Re-elected in 1966
Died
Vacant December 12, 1968 December 24, 1968   Vacant
2 Ted Stevens Republican December 24, 1968 January 3, 2009 President pro tempore
(2003–2007)
Member of the Alaska House of Representatives
(1965–1968)
Majority Leader of the Alaska House of Representatives
(1966–1968)
U.S. Attorney for the Alaska Terr.
(1953–56)
Appointed to continue Bartlett's term
Elected in 1970 special election to finish Bartlett's term
4 Re-elected in 1972
5 Re-elected in 1978
6 Re-elected in 1984
7 Re-elected in 1990
8 Re-elected in 1996
9 Re-elected in 2002
Lost re-election
3 Mark Begich Democratic January 3, 2009 Incumbent Mayor of Anchorage, Alaska
(2003-2009)
10 Elected in 2008

Class 3

# Senator Party Took office Left office Notes/other offices Term Electoral history
1 Ernest Gruening Democratic January 3, 1959 January 3, 1969 Governor of the Alaska Territory
(1939–1953)
1 Elected in 1958
2 Re-elected in 1962

Lost renomination
2 Mike Gravel Democratic January 3, 1969 January 3, 1981 Speaker of the Alaska House of Representatives
(1965–1967)
3 Elected in 1968
4 Re-elected in 1974

Lost renomination
3 Frank Murkowski Republican January 3, 1981 December 4, 2002 Governor of Alaska
(2002–2006)
5 Elected in 1980
6 Re-elected in 1986
7 Re-elected in 1992
8 Re-elected in 1998

Resigned to become Governor
Vacant December 4, 2002 December 20, 2002   Vacant
4 Lisa Murkowski Republican December 20, 2002 Incumbent Member of the Alaska House of Representatives
(1999–2002)
Appointed by her father to finish his term
9 Elected in 2004

Alaska Travel Guide