Alabama Weather and Climate

Alabama Weather Forecast

Alabama experiences a warm and humid climate throughout the year with frequent hurricanes and thunderstorms. The state is characterized by mild winters and warm summers along with precipitation all round the year.

Reasons for Alabama’s Climatic Conditions

  • The state extends from approximately 30° to 35° north latitude and 85° to 88.5° west longitude. Due to this, the state falls in the mid-latitude section / belt, that is characterized by such climatic conditions.
  • Alabama experiences four distinct seasons because of its location, that in conjunction with the Earth's orbit around the Sun, which rests at an axial tilt of 23.5°, produces deviation in the lengths of the day and temperatures all round the year.
  • It is situated very close to the Gulf of Mexico which hampers with extreme weather conditions to let Alabama experience moderate temperatures throughout the year

Alabama Weather Condition in Different Cities

Month Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec
City temp °F °C °F °C °F °C °F °C °F °C °F °C °F °C °F °C °F °C °F °C °F °C °F °C
Birmingham High 53 12 58 14 66 19 74 23 81 27 88 31 91 33 90 32 85 29 75 24 64 18 56 13
Low 32 0 35 2 42 6 48 9 58 14 65 18 70 21 69 21 63 17 51 11 42 6 35 2
Huntsville High 49 9 55 13 63 17 72 22 80 27 86 30 89 32 89 32 83 28 73 23 62 17 52 11
Low 31 −1 34 1 41 5 48 9 58 14 65 18 70 21 68 20 62 17 50 10 41 5 34 1
Mobile High 61 16 64 18 71 22 77 25 84 29 89 32 91 33 91 33 87 31 79 26 70 21 63 17
Low 40 4 42 6 49 9 55 13 63 17 69 21 72 22 72 22 68 20 56 13 48 9 42 6
Montgomery High 58 14 62 17 70 21 78 26 85 29 91 33 93 34 92 33 88 31 79 26 69 21 60 16
Low 36 2 39 4 45 7 51 11 60 16 67 19 71 22 70 21 65 18 52 11 44 7 38 3
Place Temperature Humidity Pressure Conditions Wind
Alabaster 21.8 °C 88% 1016.5 hPa (Rising) Clear Calm
Andalusia 22.5 °C 95% 1016.1 hPa (Rising) Clear Calm
Anniston 22 °C 81% 1017 hPa (Rising) Clear ENE at 6 km/h / 1.5 m/s
Auburn 22 °C 94% 1017 hPa (Rising) Clear East at 9 km/h / 2.6 m/s
Birmingham 24 °C 74% 1017 hPa (Rising) Clear East at 6 km/h / 1.5 m/s
Decatur 22.6 °C 77% 1017.8 hPa (Rising) Clear Calm
Dothan 22.3 °C 98% 1012.8 hPa (Rising) Overcast Calm
Evergreen 23 °C 97% 1016 hPa (Steady) Overcast ESE at 7 km/h / 2.1 m/s
Gadsden 20.8 °C 80% 1016.1 hPa (Rising) Clear Calm
Huntsville 19 °C 94% 1018 hPa (Rising) Clear Calm
Mobile 25.2 °C 92% 1014.1 hPa (Rising) Scattered Clouds ESE at 8.0 km/h /  m/s
Montgomery 24 °C 89% 1017 hPa (Rising) Mostly Cloudy Calm
Muscle Shoals 24.3 °C 71% 1016.5 hPa (Rising) Clear ESE at 8.0 km/h /  m/s
Ozark 23 °C 90% 1016 hPa (Rising) Scattered Clouds Calm
Troy 22 °C 97% 1016 hPa (Rising) Clear Calm
Tuscaloosa 24.2 °C 86% 1018.2 hPa (Rising) Clear East at 4.8 km/h /  m/s

Difference Within the State

  • Alabama’s climate differs within the northern and southern hemispheres of the state. Precipitation tends to be higher in the southern half of the state as compared to the northern half.
  • Higher temperatures and precipitation within the state play havoc with the growing season as well. This fluctuation ensures that the northern hemisphere gets an average of 200 days of agricultural production while the south gets about 250.

Gulf of Mexico

  • The Gulf of Mexico plays a very important part in determining Alabama’s climatic conditions. Since it is a large water body, it helps store energy from the sun all through the year. This is released often as a result of which the temperatures become moderate.

Weather Hazards

  • An average of 20 tornados strike Alabama every year. This happens due to uneven weather conditions that combine to form a thriving atmosphere for the tornado to thrive in.
  • Alabama was struck with two disastrous tornados that are till date, considered the worst in its history. These were a part of the Super Tornado Outbreak of April 3rd and 4th 1974.

Hurricanes are climatic hazards in Alabama. The Alabamian climate is severely affected by the occurrence of hurricanes which amount to huge loses economically as well as financially.