Introduction to US Open Tennis Tournament:
The US Open Tennis Tournament is one of the four Grand Slam tennis tournaments.
The US Open Tennis Tournament:
- The US Open Tennis Tournament marks the final event of the Grand Slam.
- US Open Tennis Tournaments take place during August and September every year.
- US Open Tennis is held over a period of two weeks.
- The US Open Tennis tournament is played at the USTA Billie Jean King National Tennis Center in New York City.
- The unique aspect of US Open Tennis is the presence of final set tie-breaks.
- US Open Tennis is the richest tennis tournament in the world.
Championships Played in US Open Tennis Tournament:
The US Open Tennis Tournament comprises of championships in the following categories:
- Men’s Singles Championships
- Women’s Singles Championships
- Men’s Doubles Championships
- Women’s Double’s Championships
- Mixed Doubles Championships
- Senior Players Championships
- Junior Players Championships
- Wheelchair Players Championships
History of US Open Tennis Tournaments :
General Facts about US Open Tennis Championships:
- The US Open Tennis was first held in August 1881.
- The US Open was formerly an event meant exclusively for the elite.
- The total prize money was placed at US Open Tennis is $17 million.
- About 600 professional players competed for the title and the prize money.
- The first ever venue for US Open Tennis was the Newport Casino in Rhode Island.
- In the beginning, US Open consisted of two separate tournaments for men and women.
- Originally, the event was known as the “U.S. National Singles Championships”.
- The event was accessible only to associations that were a part of the United States National Lawn Tennis Association.
- The years 1884-1911 saw the trend of “challenge system” which allowed a defending champion to automatically qualify for the next year’s finals.
- Two best teams were selected from the east and west regions which competed against each other in the play-offs.
Venues where US Open Tennis Tournament Played:
The tennis championships were hosted at various venues over the years.
- 1881 - 1915 - The Newport Casino, Newport, New York City
- 1916 - 1920 - West Side Tennis Club, Forest Hills, New York
- 1921 - 1923 - Germantown Cricket Club in Philadelphia
- 1924 - 1978 - West Side Tennis Club , Forest Hills, New York
- 1978 - present - USTA National Tennis Center, Flushing Meadows, Corona Park.
Landmarks of US Open Tennis:
- For the first six years, the National Championships consisted of only the men’s national championships.
- In the subsequent years, many other championships were introduced.
The following years mark events that were significant to the development of US Open Tennis:
- 1887: The first U.S. Women's National Singles Championship was held officially at the Philadelphia Cricket Club.
- 1889: U.S. Women's National Doubles Championships were held for the first time along with US Mixed Doubles.
- 1900: the U.S. National Men's Doubles Championships were introduced
The Beginning of US Open Tennis Tournament:
- US Tennis Open officially came into existence in 1968 after the culmination of five different championships into a single event.
- Entry into the tournament was no longer restricted to the elite and all professionals could participate.
- 98 men and 63 women took part in the first US Open Tournament.
- The first US Open was held at the West Side Tennis Club in Forest Hills, Queens.
- The prize money was stepped upto $100,000.
- The concept of final set tie-breaks was introduced in 1970.
- Instant replay was applied to the US Open Tournament in 2006.
Surfaces on Which US Open Tennis Championship is Played:
- Till 1975, the US Open Tennis matches were played on grass.
- From 1975-1978, US Open Tennis matches were played on Har-Tru clay courts.
- Now US Open Tennis matches are played on DecoTurf.