Sports Medicine is a sub category of medicine that includes treatments and preventive measures for sportspersons. It is inclusive of both Amateur and Professional sportspersons. The members of the Sports Medicine team are the athlete himself, the trainers, coaches, therapists, surgeons and doctors.
The History on Sports Medicine is less known, yet, some say that it had its birth in the Ancient Rome and Ancient Greece. The youth of Rome and Greece were known for their athletic skills; thus, injury was a common saga among them. But it took the 1928 Olympics to make them realize that a proper team for sports medicine was needed.
The First International Congress of Sports Medicine came in to existence. During the Fifth century, the specialists took the task of taking care of the athletes. The specialists were none other than the trainer-coaches and as they were considered to be experts on diet, physical therapy, and hygiene as well as on sport-specific techniques. Herodicus, one of the best Hippocrates teachers, started using the therapeutic exercise.
Sports medicine, as a term, has always been a Herculean task to define, as it is not a single branch specialty but a huge area, which is inclusive of educators, health-care professionals and researchers from various disciplines. It is curative, preventative and rehabilitative.
Many still assume and come to the conclusion that sports related illness and problems are due to a default in musculoskeletal and that the sports medicine is an orthopedic specialty. But not many realize that Sports medicine is just not all about treatment and diagnosis of musculoskeletal default but something more than that. The injury or illness can be caused by environmental changes, physical or psychological problems, etc. The sports medicine also comprises of many specializations like traumatology, cardiology, pulmonology, exercise physiology, biomechanics and orthopedic surgery. For women, sports medicine takes care of their eating disorders, menstrual disturbances, bone related problems, pregnancy and aging problems. In addition to all these, the endocrinological and dermatological diseases in an athlete is in want of more than all these.
It is belief that sports medicine will make strong and definite future contributions in the area of preventing diseases and disorders. They believe that prevention is sports medicine's final destination. Though, the risk of injury cannot be totally eradicated, the changes in training techniques, equipment, sports venues and rules will surely lower the possibilities of injuries.
The study of human body's neuromuscular adaptations is the field, which is rapidly advancing with great potential for applications in prevention. This study showed a significant decrease in the anterior cruciate ligament tears in soccer person's body. Another investigation too reduced 98% of serious injuries in recreational soft ball.
In today's world, where people move like machines, taking part in all forms of physical activities like sports is a must. The result will definitely show in their health and life style. With the advancement of Sports medicine, playing will be safer.