Sport fishing is a game in which players compete with each other in finding and catching fish. The most important requirement for any person who wants to enter into a sport fishing competition is to have a fishing license, without which their entry will not be considered.
In sport fishing, those who compete must catch a certain number of fish within a specific period of time. There are variations of the basic game and the sport can be held in rivers, lakes or even large oceans. Players are given scores on the basis of the type of fish they catch, the weight of the fish and also by the strength of the fishing line used, which means that if the line was thinner, more points would be given to the player. If we take the 'tag and release' competitions as an example, the score awarded to a participant is determined by the a flat score placed against the type of fish caught which is divided by the line strength.
The kind of methods used in sport fishing depends on a lot of factors. Such factors include the kind of fish being caught and the fishing strategies used. Fishers will not be using nets or any other means of catching fish except for the traditional hook, line, and rod and reel equipment. The most popular type of fish to catch is king Salmon, Silver Salmon, Rainbow Trout, Halibut and Lingcod.
Boats used in sport fishing are constructed differently from the traditional boat types. They are built with durable material and the engine is very fuel efficient. The body is made using hand-laid fiber glass. Facilities such as communication radios and other electronic devices can be placed inside it. Some popular manufacturers of sport fishing boats are Triton 35 Express, Well craft 232 Coastal, Pro-Line 23 Express and Everglades 290 CC. Now-a-day's people are also seen to take to inflatable boats for sports fishing. These boats vary in size and can accommodate from just one person to small group of seven people.
Earlier, sport fishers would kill the fish they had caught in order to bring them to the shore for weighing or for preserving them in the form of trophies. Now-a-days, they release their catch alive so as to avoid criticism from animal welfare groups and also to help conserve fishery. In certain cases, they are also seen to attach tags to their catch, after recording details in it to help aid fisheries research.