Cricket is the game which is very popular around worldwide. This game should be played within the laws and it also reflects the unity of the team. The players have to maintain the spirit of the game otherwise it causes injury.
International Cricket Council:
All the championships are organized by the sport’s governing body called the International cricket council which is founded in 1909 by the name Imperial cricket conference. In 1965 it is renamed as International Cricket Conference and the current name took place in 1989.
International Cricket Council board has 101 members out of which 10 are full members that can only play test matches, 58 are affiliate members and 33 are associate members. All the umpires and referees for test matches, One day International and Twenty 20 International are appointed by this board. By the help of Anti-corruption and security unit it also takes the action against match fixing.
Mission and Values of ICC:
- To maintain and protect the spirit of the game.
- They provide excellent service to the members.
- Memorable events are shown in a good way.
- The way to success of ICC is the bridges which they made between the different continents, countries as cricket is the game which can be played by the players of any age and caste.
Values of ICC:
- Openness, honesty and integrity: The motive of ICC is what they say they do it.
- Excellence: The highest standards of the game are set by the ICC.
- Accountability and responsibility: They take the necessary action if the game is getting any kind of harm like match fixing etc.
- Commitment to the game: They make every decision to make the game better day-by-day.
- Respect for our diversity: Without fear and under any kind of pressure they take the decisions for the betterment of the game.
- Fairness and equity: This board always makes fair decisions.
- Working as a team: The assets of ICC are effective as they make every decision with the unity.
Commercial Partners of ICC:
ICC’s commercial partners are:
The joint venture between the cable and satellite broadcasters is ESPN Star. It is also the medium to deliver the international and the regional sport to the viewers. Around the world it has 15 networks and some of these are ESPN china, ESPN India, ESPN Taiwan, ESPN Singapore.
Reliance infocomm is a telecommunication company run by Anil Ambani. This company has 28 million users and its GSM network reaches up to 4000.
Emirates Airline is the main sponsor of ICC and this sponsorship includes the umpires and referees of Emirates Elite Panel of ICC.
Reebok International limited:
The jerseys of the players are made in Reebok International limited company which was originally called mercury sports before 1960.
The 9th ICC cricket world cup takes place in 2007 in West Indies. In this world cup all the matches are one day international and are of 50 over .The 16 teams have participated in this. The rule of ICC world cup 2007 is:
The game is played in groups and the top two teams of each group will play in the super 8 and the top four out of the super 8 will go to the semi-final. These teams will be chosen by the following procedure:
- Most wins.
- Higher net run rate.
- Higher number of wickets taken per ball.
- Winners of head to head matches.
- The drawing of lots.
Laws of cricket:
Some laws have been decided by ICC to play the game. Some of these are:
Players and Officials:
Cricket is played between the two teams. Each team consists of eleven players and one who can play as a batsman and can also do wicket keeping is regarded as all-rounder. Two umpires are allowed to present on the field.
Equipment and pitch specifications:
- The ball: The weight of the ball is between 5 ounce and 163g and only one ball is used during the play until it is lost.
- The bat: The length and the breadth of the bat are 38 inches and 4.25inches respectively and it is made up of wood.
- The pitch: The rectangular area whose length and width is 22 yards and 10 ft is known as the pitch and the lines drawn on this pitch are known as creases.
- The wicket: The two wooden bails placed on the three wooden stumps are regarded as the wicket and the distance between them are equal.
- Match structure: It is decided before the match that the match is of how many innings. The captain has the right to declare the end of innings when the ball is dead.
- Mechanics of dismissal: The umpire has no right to declare the batsman out until his wicket is put down or he is run out.
- Scoring and winning runs: When the two batsman run towards each other’s pitch then the number of runs which they take are counted as runs scored and if the ball passes the boundary by hitting it then the runs are counted as four and if the ball do not touches the boundary then six runs are considered. One over consists of six bowls and if he both teams make the same runs then the match result is considered as tie.
- Ways to get out: The batsman is declared out when:
- The ball hits the wicket.
- When the ball hits by the batsman but caught by the player of the opposition team.
- Fair and unfair play: It is the responsibility of the captains of both the teams to see that whether the game is played within the spirit