History of Weight Lifting:
- Weight lifting is one of the most primitive and ancient activities.
- It achieved recognition as an official international sport in the 19th century.
- It has been part of Olympic Games since 1896.
- Weightlifting was not contested at the Olympic Games in 1900, 1908 and 1912.
- Participants compete in the snatch and the clean and jerk events.
- Men compete in eight bodyweight categories while women contest in seven.
Equipment for Weight Lifting:
- Barbell: Steel bar with rubber coated discs.
- Collar: A metal component that secures the weights in place.
- Disc: An individual cylindrical weight on the bar.
- Sleeve: The end parts of the bar where the weights are attached.
- Referee light system: white or red light buttons for the referees.
- Main scoreboard: To display information about the competition and progress.
- Record board: Displays relevant competition records to the public.
- Multi-video screen: For replays in slow motion to ensure better observation and judgment.
- Costume/outfit of competitors: one-piece, close-fitting leotard.
- Weightlifting shoes
- Weightlifting belt: To support the trunk
- Bandages: For wrists and knees
Competition Rules for Weight Lifting:
The Rules and Regulations for the Weightlifting events at the Olympic Games will be laid out by:
- The International Weightlifting Federation (IWF) Handbook
- Olympic Charter
- IWF will hold a Technical Congress on August 7, 2008 to finalize entries and allocate athletes and technical officials into groups.
- All athletes must report at the Olympic Village at the latest 8 (eight) days prior to their own competition.
- All athletes will undergo an anti-doping test.
Competition Format for Weight Lifting Event:
The lifts conducted are of three types in Weight Lifting Event:
- The Snatch
- The Clean
- The Jerk
- One or two bodyweight categories will be contested in a single day.
- The weightlifters will be divided in two groups- A and B.
- The group allocation will be done on the basis of the player’s highest entry totals.
- If a bodyweight category is contested in two groups, the results are combined for the final classification.
- A weigh-in for the lifters will be conducted two hours prior to the competition.
Beijing Olympic 2008 Weight Lifting Events
The following events are included in the program for Beijing Olympics 2008:
- +105kg Men
- 105kg Men
- 56kg Men
- 62kg Men
- 69kg Men
- 77kg Men
- 85kg Men
- 94kg Men
- +75kg Women
- 48kg Women
- 53kg Women
- 58kg Women
- 63kg Women
- 69kg Women
- 75kg Women
- 170 men
- 90 women
- Total of 260 athletes