Beijing Olympics 2008 Sailing

History of Sailing Sports:
  • In early times, sailing was used as a means of transport.
  • The modern form of sailing or “yachting” originated in the Netherlands.
  • International yacht racing began in 1851.
  • Sailing was first contested at the 1900 Olympics.
  • It has been on every Olympic program since 1908.
  • Every year, attempts are made to introduce smaller boats with fewer crew members.
  • Separate sailing competitions for women were introduced in 1984.
  • The Olympic sailing programme in 2000 consisted of men's, women's and mixed events.
  • In 2000, the sport came to be officially known as “sailing” in the Olympics.

Venue for Sailing Sports:

The sailing event of the 29th Olympic Games will be held at Qingdao Olympic Sailing Center from August 9-21, 2008.

Athlete Quota for Sailing Sports:

  • 153 men's event places
  • 137 women's event places
  • 110 open event places
  • Total of 400 athletes

Equipments Required for Sailing Sports:

  • Boom: A horizontal pole or spar to which the bottom of a sail is attached.
  • Catamaran: A boat with parallel twin hulls.
  • Centerboard: A movable, fin-shaped protrusion under the hull to prevent capsizing.
  • Dinghy: A small sailing boat, rowing boat or ship's tender.
  • Finn: A single-handed centerboard dinghy class.
  • 49ER: A double-handed, high-performance dinghy class used for open competition.
  • 470: A double-handed dinghy class used for men's and women's competition.
  • Genoa: The larger triangular forward sail in a sloop-rigged yacht.
  • Jib: The smaller triangular forward sail in a sloop-rigged boat.
  • Keel: A fixed, fin-shaped protrusion on the bottom of the hull for stability.
  • Keelboat: A sailing yacht with a fixed keel.
  • Kite: A colorful sail for greater speed.
  • Laser: A single-handed centerboard dinghy class, used for open competition.
  • Mainsail: The larger sail behind the mast.
  • Mainsheet: The rope which controls the movement of a mainsail.
  • Mistral: A one-person sailboard.
  • Sailboard/ Windsurfer: A lightweight, polyurethane, surfboard-like craft with a mast, boom and sail.
  • Sheet: A rope used to control and tension the sail and rigging.
  • Skiff: A light, open, small sailing boat.
  • Sloop rig: A sail plan composed of two sails - a mainsail and a jib, or Genoa.
  • Soling: A three-person keelboat used for open competition.
  • Sonar: A three-person keelboat used for open competition in the Paralympics Games.
  • Spar: A general term referring to a boat's mast, boom and spinnaker pole.
  • Spinnaker: A large sail to obtain greater speed.
  • Star: A two-person keelboat used for open competition.
  • Stay: A strong rope, commonly made of wire, used to support a mast.
  • Tiller: A handle attached to the rudder and used by the skipper to control steering.
  • Tornado: A two person Catamaran used in open competition.
  • Trapeze: Harness device worn by sailors to help them lean outboard.
  • 2.4MR: A single-handed keelboat class used for open competition in the Paralympics Games.

Rules for Sailing Sports:

Rules for the sailing competition at the Beijing 2008 Olympic Games will be laid by:

  • The International Sailing Federation (ISAF)
  • The Olympic Measurement Regulations
  • The Olympic Charter
  • ISAF will be responsible for the technical control and direction of the sport.

Sailing Sports Events in Beijing Olympics 2008:

The following events are on the program for Beijing Olympics 2008:

  • 470 - Two Person Dinghy Men
  • RS:X - Windsurfer Men
  • 470 - Two Person Dinghy Women
  • RS:X - Windsurfer Women
  • 49er - Skiff Mixed
  • Tornado - Multihull Mixed
  • Laser - One Person Dinghy Men
  • Star - Keelboat Men
  • Laser Radial - One Person Dinghy Women
  • Yngling - Keelboat Women
  • Finn - Heavyweight Dinghy Mixed