History of Sailing Sports:
- In early times, sailing was used as a means of transport.
- The modern form of sailing or “yachting” originated in the Netherlands.
- International yacht racing began in 1851.
- Sailing was first contested at the 1900 Olympics.
- It has been on every Olympic program since 1908.
- Every year, attempts are made to introduce smaller boats with fewer crew members.
- Separate sailing competitions for women were introduced in 1984.
- The Olympic sailing programme in 2000 consisted of men's, women's and mixed events.
- In 2000, the sport came to be officially known as “sailing” in the Olympics.
Venue for Sailing Sports:
The sailing event of the 29th Olympic Games will be held at Qingdao Olympic Sailing Center from August 9-21, 2008.
Athlete Quota for Sailing Sports:
- 153 men's event places
- 137 women's event places
- 110 open event places
- Total of 400 athletes
Equipments Required for Sailing Sports:
- Boom: A horizontal pole or spar to which the bottom of a sail is attached.
- Catamaran: A boat with parallel twin hulls.
- Centerboard: A movable, fin-shaped protrusion under the hull to prevent capsizing.
- Dinghy: A small sailing boat, rowing boat or ship's tender.
- Finn: A single-handed centerboard dinghy class.
- 49ER: A double-handed, high-performance dinghy class used for open competition.
- 470: A double-handed dinghy class used for men's and women's competition.
- Genoa: The larger triangular forward sail in a sloop-rigged yacht.
- Jib: The smaller triangular forward sail in a sloop-rigged boat.
- Keel: A fixed, fin-shaped protrusion on the bottom of the hull for stability.
- Keelboat: A sailing yacht with a fixed keel.
- Kite: A colorful sail for greater speed.
- Laser: A single-handed centerboard dinghy class, used for open competition.
- Mainsail: The larger sail behind the mast.
- Mainsheet: The rope which controls the movement of a mainsail.
- Mistral: A one-person sailboard.
- Sailboard/ Windsurfer: A lightweight, polyurethane, surfboard-like craft with a mast, boom and sail.
- Sheet: A rope used to control and tension the sail and rigging.
- Skiff: A light, open, small sailing boat.
- Sloop rig: A sail plan composed of two sails - a mainsail and a jib, or Genoa.
- Soling: A three-person keelboat used for open competition.
- Sonar: A three-person keelboat used for open competition in the Paralympics Games.
- Spar: A general term referring to a boat's mast, boom and spinnaker pole.
- Spinnaker: A large sail to obtain greater speed.
- Star: A two-person keelboat used for open competition.
- Stay: A strong rope, commonly made of wire, used to support a mast.
- Tiller: A handle attached to the rudder and used by the skipper to control steering.
- Tornado: A two person Catamaran used in open competition.
- Trapeze: Harness device worn by sailors to help them lean outboard.
- 2.4MR: A single-handed keelboat class used for open competition in the Paralympics Games.
Rules for Sailing Sports:
Rules for the sailing competition at the Beijing 2008 Olympic Games will be laid by:
- The International Sailing Federation (ISAF)
- The Olympic Measurement Regulations
- The Olympic Charter
- ISAF will be responsible for the technical control and direction of the sport.
Sailing Sports Events in Beijing Olympics 2008:
The following events are on the program for Beijing Olympics 2008:
- 470 - Two Person Dinghy Men
- RS:X - Windsurfer Men
- 470 - Two Person Dinghy Women
- RS:X - Windsurfer Women
- 49er - Skiff Mixed
- Tornado - Multihull Mixed
- Laser - One Person Dinghy Men
- Star - Keelboat Men
- Laser Radial - One Person Dinghy Women
- Yngling - Keelboat Women
- Finn - Heavyweight Dinghy Mixed